Behenic acid

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Behenic acid
Behenic Acid.svg
Names
IUPAC name
Docosanoic acid
Other names
Behenic acid, Docosanoic acid; 1-Docosanoic acid; n-Docosanoic acid, n-Docosanoate, Glycon B-70, Hydrofol Acid 560, Hydrofol 2022-55, Hystrene 5522, Hystrene 9022, Prifrac 2989, C22:0 (Lipid numbers)
Identifiers
112-85-6 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:28941 YesY
ChEMBL ChEMBL1173474 YesY
ChemSpider 7923 YesY
EC Number 204-010-8
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
KEGG C08281 YesY
PubChem 8215
UNII H390488X0A YesY
Properties
C22H44O2
Molar mass 340.59 g·mol−1
Appearance White to yellowish crystals or powder
Melting point 80.0 °C (176.0 °F; 353.1 K)[1]
Boiling point 306 °C (583 °F; 579 K)
Vapor pressure {{{value}}}
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references
Behenic acid comes from the ben oil tree, Moringa oleifera

Behenic acid (also docosanoic acid) is a carboxylic acid, the saturated fatty acid with formula C21H43COOH. In appearance, it consists of white to cream color crystals or powder with a melting point of 80 °C and boiling point of 306 °C.

Sources

At 9%, it is a major component of Ben oil (or behen oil), which is extracted from the seeds of the Ben-oil tree (Moringa oleifera). It is so named from the Persian month Bahman, when the roots of this tree were harvested.[2]

Behenic acid is also present in some other oils and oil-bearing plants, including rapeseed (canola) and peanut oil and skins. It is estimated that one ton of peanut skins contains 13 pounds (5.9 kg) of behenic acid.[3]

Properties

As a dietary oil, behenic acid is poorly absorbed. In spite of its low bioavailability compared with oleic acid, behenic acid is a cholesterol-raising saturated fatty acid in humans.[4]

Uses

Commercially, behenic acid is often used to give hair conditioners and moisturizers their smoothing properties.[3] It is also used in lubricating oils, and as a solvent evaporation retarder in paint removers. Its amide is used as an anti-foaming agent in detergents, floor polishes and dripless candles. Reduction of behenic acid yields behenyl alcohol.

Pracaxi oil (from the seeds of Pentaclethra macroloba) is a natural product with one of the highest concentrations of behenic acid, and is used in hair conditioners.

See also

References

  1. "Lexicon of lipid nutrition (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 73 (4): 685–744. 2001. doi:10.1351/pac200173040685. 
  2. http://www.numericana.com/answer/culture.htm
  3. 3.0 3.1 USDA Scientists Find Treasure in Peanut Skins.
  4. Caterm, Nilo B and Margo A Denke. January 2001 Behenic acid is a cholesterol-raising saturated fatty acid in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, v 73, No. 1, pp41-44.[unreliable source?].