Bengt I. Samuelsson
|Born||Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson
21 May 1934
|Alma mater||Stockholm University|
|Notable awards||<templatestyles src="Plainlist/styles.css"/>
Bengt Ingemar Samuelsson (born 21 May 1934) is a Swedish biochemist. He shared with Sune K. Bergström and John R. Vane the 1982 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning prostaglandins and related substances.
Education and early life
He was born in Halmstad in southwest Sweden and studied at Stockholm University, where he became a professor in 1967.
Research and career
Discussing the role of prostaglandins in the body, Samuelsson explained, "It's a control system for the cells that participates in many biological functions. There are endless possibilities of manipulating this system in drug development."
His research interests were originally in cholesterol metabolism with importance to reaction mechanisms. Following the structural work on prostaglandins along with Sune Bergström he was interested mainly in the transformation products of arachidonic acid. This has led to the identification of endoperoxides, thromboxanes and the leukotrienes, and his group has chiefly been involved in studying the chemistry, biochemistry and biology of these compounds and their function in biological control systems. This research has implications in numerous clinical areas, especially in thrombosis, inflammation, and allergy.
This field has grown enormously since those days. Between 1981 and 1995 about three thousand papers per year were published that specifically used the expression "prostaglandins," or related terms such as "prostacyclins," "leukotrienes," and "thromboxanes," in their labels and titles.
Bengt Samuelsson has served as a director on the boards of Pharmacia AB, NicOx SA and Schering AG and is an advisor to the venture capital fund HealthCap.
Awards and honors
In 1975, he was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Sune K. Bergström. He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 1990.
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|Non-profit organization positions|
|Preceded by||Chairman of the Nobel Foundation
- Articles with unsourced statements from November 2015
- 1934 births
- Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
- Living people
- Swedish biochemists
- Stockholm University alumni
- Karolinska Institutet faculty
- Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine
- Swedish Nobel laureates
- Foreign Members of the Royal Society
- People from Halmstad
- Members of the French Academy of Sciences
- Recipients of the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research