|Rabbi Berel Lazar|
Lazar meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin on March 3, 2005.
|Position||Chief Rabbi of Russia|
|Organisation||Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia|
|Began||June 13, 2000|
May 19, 1964 |
|Children||12: Bluma, Yechezkel, Menachem, Fradel, Shalom, Yisrael, Levi Yitzchak, Sara, Bracha, Rivka, Miriam, Shaina|
|Alma mater||Rabbinical College of America|
Rabbi Shalom Dovber Pinchas Lazar (born May 19, 1964), better known as Berel Lazar, is an Orthodox, Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic rabbi. He is Chief Rabbi of Russia, and chairman of the Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia and Federation of Jewish Communities of the CIS. In September 2005 Lazar became a member of the Public Chamber of Russia.
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A native of Milan, Italy, Rabbi Lazar was born in 1964 to parents who were among the first emissaries of Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson. Until the age of 15, he studied in Milan’s Merkaz Jewish Day School. Afterwards, he went on to study in New York and pursued a Bachelor of Arts degree in religious studies at the Rabbinical College of America in Morristown, New Jersey. At the age of 23, he was ordained at the Central Lubavitch Yeshiva in New York.
In 1992 Lazar became acquainted with Israeli diamantaire Lev Leviev, who introduced him to Russian businessmen Boris Berezovsky and Roman Abramovich. The latter became the major benefactor of the synagogue in Maryina Roshcha.
In 1992, Lazar was appointed chairman of the Rabbinical Alliance of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
In early 1990s Lazar participated in activity of Congress of the Jewish Religious Organizations and Associations in Russia, was an active participant of founding congress of Russian Jewish Congress in 1996 and even was a member of RJC Presidium.
At the first congress of Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia opened on November 15, 1999 he was elected chief Rabbi of FJCR. According to many analytics, FJCR structure was created as counterbalance to the Russian Jewish Congress (headed by Vladimir Gusinsky) and CJROAR (chief Rabbi — Adolf Shayevich). In the same month Berel Lazar had his first meeting with Vladimir Putin.
He wasn't at Vladimir Putin's inauguration in May 2000, which was apparently related to the fact that he wasn't a citizen of Russia at the time.[original research?]
On May 29, 2000 Berel Lazar became a citizen of Russia, while retaining his U.S. citizenship.
On June 13, 2000 at the "all-Jews congress" (of 87 communities at the place, 70 represented FJCR, 4 — CJROAR, the rest — Federation of Jewish Organizations and Communities of Russia (Va’ad)) 25 of 26 Rabbis elected Berel Lazar Chief Rabbi of Russia.
On September 18, 2000, in the presence of President of Russia Vladimir Putin, the Moscow Jewish Community Center was opened in Maryina Roshcha District, where on December 21, 2000 Vladimir Putin and Moscow mayor Yury Luzhkov lit Hanukkah candles.
In 2000, Berel Lazar was appointed to Russia's Council for Coordination of Religious Associations. In 2002, Lazar was elected the Chairman of the Rabbinical Council of the World Congress of Russian Jewry.
On March 20, 2001 under instruction of the President Vladimir Putin, Berel Lazar was included in the Presidential Council for Interaction with Religious Organizations and Unions; simultaneously Shayevich was excluded from the Council.
Wife — Channa Deren, citizen of the U.S.
Children - 13: Bluma (married on June 16, 2011 to Isaac Rosenfeld from Bogota, Colombia), Yechezkel, Menachem, Shalom, Fradel, Yisrael, Levi Yitzchak, Leah, Sara, Bracha, Rivka, Miriam, Shaina.
His grandfather was the poet Zvi Yair, rabbi Zvi Meir Steinmetz.
Since the installation of Rabbi Lazar as the Chief Rabbi of Russia by the Federation of Jewish Communities there have been a number of controversies associated with Federation influence with president Vladimir Putin, and their funding from various Russian oligarchs, including Lev Leviev and Roman Abramovich. Lazar is known for his close ties to Putin's Kremlin.
Putin became close to the Federation after a number of Jewish oligarchs and rabbis including Vladimir Gusinsky (the founder of the Russian Jewish Congress), backed other candidates for president. Lev Leviev, a Federation oligarch supported Putin, and the close relationship between them led to him supporting the federation nomination of Lazar as Chief Rabbi of Russia, an appointment that Putin immediately recognized. Rabbi Adolf Shayevich, who had been Chief Rabbi of Russia until 1998, argues that Lazar is only an appointee of the Federation and that he remains Chief Rabbi. What happened, he explains, "has nothing to do with religion and everything to do with politics and business. The president invites him to receptions and does not invite me. I am not offended."
According to an editorial in the Jerusalem Post the reason why Lazar has not protested Putin's arrests of Jewish oligarchs and their deportation is that "Russia's own Chief Rabbi, Chabad emissary Berel Lazar, is essentially a Kremlin appointee who has been made to neutralize the more outspoken and politically active leaders of rival Jewish organizations."
Darkei Shalom synagogue
The Darkei Shalom synagogue is a synagogue in northern Moscow. It was affiliated with Chamah, a religious and social welfare movement on behalf of former Soviet Jews with offices in New York and Israel, as well as Moscow. The spiritual leader of Darkei Shalom, Rabbi Dovid Karpov, is a devotee of the late Lubavitcher Rebbe, yet over the years he has distanced himself from FJCR, the Chabad rabbinical group in Russia that appointed and is headed by Lazar. Karpov was telephoned by Lazar telling him that the synagogue was being gifted to the Chabad movement by its owners and that he would have to leave the synagogue, and resign his post to make way for the a new Chabad emissary. Lazar suggested that if he fell into line with FJCR he may be allowed to stay. At the same time Karpov received court orders over various technical and administrative issues, which Karpov argued were due to Lazar pressuring Karpov. In an open letter to Lazar, rabbi Adolf Shayevich and 16 other rabbis wrote:
|“||We would like to express our deep disappointment and discontent with the recent attempt of FEOR to forcefully capture the Darkei Shalom Congregation, one of the most successful and respected Jewish congregations of Russia. This kind of attitude demonstrated by rabbi Berel Lazar contradicts the spirit of Torah and is apparently based on typical methods deployed by Russian criminals.||”|
Shayevich added in a statement to the press that "they already have too much money and power, and are using it to destroy all Jewish organizations which resist Chabad’s total domination of Russian Jewish life." 
Criticism of Reform Judaism
Lazar is highly critical of Reform Judaism and related Progressive strands of the religion. A 2005 article penned by Lazar in Lechaim, "Do Not Bargain With God, Gentlemen", stated that Reform Judaism "cannot be seriously called a religion", and made clear his hope for the deprecation or disappearance of Reform-sourced efforts in Russia and the CIS. The article was criticized by Rabbi Eric Yoffie (president of the Union for Reform Judaism), stating that Lazar "cannot request American Jewish support for his work and profess to speak in the name of all Russian Jews while simultaneously proclaiming that Reform Judaism is not Judaism and Reform rabbis are not rabbis."
In 2004, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed an edict to honor him with the Order of Friendship. This award is being presented for the contribution made by Rabbi Lazar to developing culture and strengthening friendship between nations within Russia. In December 2004, he was honored with a national public award, the 'Minin and Pozharsky' Order "for his great personal contribution to strengthening the moral and cultural fabric of the Russian State and for reviving spiritual life and religious freedom in the country". In June 2005, he was awarded the Medal "60 Years of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945". He received the medal during the 19th session of the Russian 'Pobeda' (Victory) Organizational Committee. In September 2005, he received the 'Peter the Great' First Class Order. The diploma attached to the Order explains that the Chief Rabbi was honored with this award "considering his activities in advancing inter-ethnic and inter-religious relations, and his great contribution to the spiritual rebirth of Russia’s Jewish community and to strengthening Russian state".
At the sixtieth anniversary commemoration of the liberation of Auschwitz at the concentration camp, Putin gave a speech. His speech was followed by Lazar awarding Putin the so-called Salvation medal as a symbol of "the Jewish people's gratitude" to Russia for liberating the camp.
- Federation of Jewish Communities Website, Biography of Lazar
- No love lost, Yossi Mehlman, Haaretz, December 11, 2005
- Chabad Prize to Putin Spurring Debate Over Russian's Actions, Eric J. Greenberg, The Forward, February 4, 2005
- Cracked De Beers, Phyllis Berman Lea Goldman, September 15, 2003
- Putin, Making a Gesture to Jews, Slips Into a Factional Morass, Michael Wines, New York Times, September 19, 2000
- Editorial, Jerusalem Post, June 2, 2005
- Hostile Takeover In Moscow? Critics of Chabad-led umbrella group angry as shul changes hands; AJCongress dragged into controversy, Walter Ruby, Jewish Week, April 1, 2005
- Critics of Chabad-led umbrella group angry as shul changes hands; AJCongress dragged into controversy, Walter Ruby, Jewish Week, April 1, 2005
- Insult from Russian chief rabbi puts Chabad-Reform dispute in public eye
- The Elijah Interfaith Institute - Jewish Members of the Board of World Religious Leaders
- Chabad Prize to Putin Spurring Debate Over Russian's Actions