Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
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|• Mayor||Lutz Urbach (CDU)|
|• Total||83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||02202, 02204, 02207|
Bergisch Gladbach (German pronunciation: [ˈbɛɐ̯gɪʃ ˈglatbax] ( listen)), is a town in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district).
Early settlements existed in the 13th century, but the town was officially founded in 1856.
The word Bergisch in the name does not originate from its location in the earldom of Berg and was not added to distinguish it from Mönchengladbach as believed by many people, but from the earls who gave their name to the region. At the start of the 12th century the earls of "Berg" settled in the area and it became the grand duchy of Berg. This is where the first part of the name (Bergisch) comes from.
The second part of the name, Gladbach (cognate with English Ladbrooke) originates from Low German (Bergisches Platt) and means canalised stream, referring to the small river (the Strunde) that was artificially canalised (laid) in early medieval times. In Bergisch Platt, the regional dialect, laid is said gelaat, a word which eventually evolved to glad (in this case the 'd' is pronounced as a 't'). The second part of the word, bach is the standard German word for a small stream, referring in this case to the Strunde.
In 1975 the city incorporated the neighbouring Bensberg and when it reached a population of 100,000 in 1977 it was given municipality status.
|Largest groups of foreign residents|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||208|
Paper manufacturing, printing, glass wool manufacturing, and high-tech industries make up a large part of Bergisch Gladbach's economy.
Bergisch Gladbach is twinned with:
|Country||Place||County / District / Region / State||Date|
|Poland||Pszczyna||Silesian voivodship, pszczyński county, Pszczyna gmina||1993|
|Palestine||Beit Jala||West Bank||2010|
Ganei Tikva Israel 2012
Born in Bergisch Gladbach
- Astrid Benöhr, German endurance athlete
- Wolfgang Bosbach, German politician
- Fabian Hambüchen, German gymnast
- Volker Goetze, German born, New York based musician composer filmmaker
- Götz Heidelberg, German constructing engineer
- Mats Hummels, German football player for Borussia Dortmund
- Carolin Kebekus, German actress and comedian
- Heidi Klum, German supermodel
- Georg Koch, retired German goalkeeper
- Uwe Ommer, photographer
- Vanessa Fuchs, Germany's Next Topmodel 2015
- Tim Wiese, German football goalkeeper
High Schools in Bergisch Gladbach
- Albertus-Magnus-Gymnasium Bensberg/Bergisch Gladbach, High School
- Gymnasium Herkenrath/Bergisch Gladbach, High School
- Nicolaus-Cusanus-Gymnasium Bergisch Gladbach, High School
- Otto-Hahn-Gymnasium Bensberg/Bergisch Gladbach, High School
- Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Gymnasium Bergisch Gladbach, High School
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 4 September 2014. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Staatsangehörigkeit in Bergisch Gladbach". Stadt Bergisch Gladbach. Retrieved 2015-07-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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