Bernard Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk

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His Grace
The Duke of Norfolk
Player's cigarettes Earl Marshal.jpeg
Earl Marshal
In office
11 February 1917 – 31 January 1975
Preceded by The 15th Duke of Norfolk
Succeeded by The 17th Duke of Norfolk
Personal details
Born Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard
(1908-05-30)30 May 1908
Died 31 January 1975(1975-01-31) (aged 66)
Spouse(s) Lavinia Mary Strutt
Children 4
Parents Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk
Gwendolen Constable-Maxwell
Religion Roman Catholicism

Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard, 16th Duke of Norfolk, KG, GCVO, GBE, TD, PC (30 May 1908 – 31 January 1975), styled Earl of Arundel and Surrey until 1917, was the eldest surviving son of Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk, who died when Bernard was only 9 years old. His mother was Gwendolen Fitzalan-Howard, suo jure Gwendoline Mary Herries, 12th Lady Herries of Terregles, and he inherited her peerage when she died in 1947.

He was educated at The Oratory School and was commissioned into the Royal Horse Guards in 1931, but resigned his commission in 1933. He joined the 4th (Territorial Army) Battalion, Royal Sussex Regiment in 1934, and was promoted Major in 1939. He served in World War II, in which he was wounded in action.

As hereditary Earl Marshal, he organized the coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, the funeral of Winston Churchill, and the investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales. He was a keen cricket fan and was the manager of the English cricket team in Australia in 1962–63, which excited much press interest.

Personal life

The Duke married the Hon Lavinia Mary Strutt, daughter of Algernon Strutt, 3rd Baron Belper and his wife Eva, on 27 January 1937. They had four daughters together:

The 16th Duke died 31 January 1975, and is buried at Fitzalan Chapel on the western grounds of Arundel Castle.


File:Duke of Norfolk broadcasting.jpg
The Duke of Norfolk broadcasting

It was the first time that most of us had met the portly, florid aristocrat...we hardly knew what to expect: he hadn't exactly sprung to mind as a front-running candidate for the job. It was a black-tie affair, of course, and none of us dared get drunk. Eventually, over the port, the Duke rose, cleared his throat and delivered himself of a sentence I shall treasure till the end of my days: "Gentlemen", he said, "I wish this to be an entirely informal tour. You will merely address me as 'Sir'". The grand old duke is dead now, alas, but he loved that tour of Australia more than any other official duty he had ever undertaken in his auspicious public life...I could write a whole volume on the Duke Down Under.

Ian Wooldridge[1]

His Grace the Duke of Norfolk was appointed as manager of the England tour of Australia in the winter of 1962–63. His appointment astounded just about everyone connected with the game. He was a very pleasant man, a true gentleman and a real cricket enthusiast, but he had no track record or qualifications suited to the job to which he had been appointed...The very first press conference was overloaded with questions about whether the Duke of Norfolk's horses would be seen on Australian race tracks. I couldn't believe it. We were there to contest the Ashes, and there was our tour manager talking about horse racing and whether the jockey Scobie Breasley was to fly out and ride for him...In no time at all the news in the press concerning the England team centred on where the Duke of Norfolk's horses were running...

Fred Trueman[2]

The announcement that the Duke would manage the MCC cricket team in Australia in 1962–63 came as a complete surprise. He was a keen cricketer, who was President of the MCC in 1956–57 and was still a member of its powerful committee. He had managed his own tour of the West Indies with a Duke of Norfolk's XI in 1956–67, which had included the England players Tom Graveney, John Warr, Doug Wright and Willie Watson, and would organise another in 1969–70. His father the 15th Duke had built the picturesque Arundel Castle Cricket Ground and the Duke hosted matches against touring teams there from 1954, a tradition continued by his wife Lavinia, Duchess of Norfolk after his death in 1975.[3] He was not a good cricketer, even at village green level, and it was customary to let him get off the mark before he returned to the pavilion. At Arundel the umpire was his own butler, who when he was out would diplomatically announce "His Grace is not in".[4] The Duke was chosen after a chance remark while having drinks after a MCC Committee meeting. Billy Griffith was the prime candidate to manage the tour, but he had just been appointed the Secretary of the MCC and needed to remain at Lord's to oversee the change from the old divisions between amateurs and professionals that had been decided that autumn. The Duke offered his services when it was mentioned that the new captain Ted Dexter would be difficult to control. Like Dexter the Duke was a keen follower of horse-racing, and as President of Sussex County Cricket Club he was often at Hove and Arundel and had appointed Dexter county captain. When his appointment was announced it was joked that only a duke could manage "Lord Ted".[5] In those days the MCC tour was seen as a social event and the team were scheduled to attend many high society events for which the Duke was well suited. His relationship with Fred Trueman was mixed; he first spoke to him at the Second Test by calling "Trueman! Over here!" and beckoning him with his finger, to which the fast bowler took exception, but they later became good friends.[6] Socially, the Duke was a great success, his transparent enjoyment of the game and affability with the players, press and public making him popular.[7][8][9] As Earl Marshal of England the Duke had organised the coronations of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II and while in Australia he prepared the Queen's 1963 Royal Visit. He had to return to Great Britain for reasons of state for a month during the tour, which allowed Griffith to fly out and take over in his absence, this gaining useful experience of touring Australia.

Dukedom of Norfolk

On his death the Dukedom passed to his second cousin once removed Miles Stapleton-Fitzalan-Howard, 12th Baron Beaumont, 4th Baron Howard of Glossop. The Lordship of Herries of Terregles, being an old Scottish peerage, was inherited by his eldest daughter, Lady Anne, who married English cricketer Colin Cowdrey, Baron Cowdrey of Tonbridge.

Titles and honours


  • Earl of Arundel (1908–1917)
  • His Grace The Duke of Norfolk (1917–1975)



See also


  1. p20, Ian Wooldridge, What have we here? The eccentric 'Pom', Benson and Hedges Test Series Official Book 1986–87 The Clashes For The Ashes, Playbill Sport Publication, 1986
  2. p274 and p227-278, Fred Trueman, As It Was, The Memoirs of Fred Trueman, Pan Books, 2004
  3. pp216-217, R.L. Arrowsmith, The Barclays World of Cricket, Collins, 1986
  4. p259-260, Dickie Bird, White Cap and Bails, Adventures of a Much Travelled Umpire, Hodder & Stoughton, 1999
  5. pp118-119, E.W. Swanton, Swanton in Australia, with MCC 1946–1975, Fontana, 1977
  6. pp2-3, p286, Fred Trueman, As It Was, The Memoirs of Fred Trueman, Pan Books, 2004
  7. ppxiv-xv and p165, Alban George Moyes, With the M.C.C. in Australia 1962–63, A Crictical Story of the Tour, The Sportsmans Book Club, 1965
  8. pp123-124, E.W. Swanton, Swanton in Australia, with MCC 1946–1975, Fontana, 1977
  9. pp83-85, Fred Titmus with Stafford Hildred, My Life in Cricket, John Blake Publishing Ltd, 2005

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Moyne
Tom Williams
Parliamentary Secretary to the
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries

jointly with Tom Williams 1941–1945
Donald Scott 1945

Succeeded by
The Earl of Huntingdon
Percy Collick
Preceded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Earl Marshal
Succeeded by
The Duke of Norfolk
Court offices
Preceded by
The Lord Hamilton of Dalzell
Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Abergavenny
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Leconfield
Lord Lieutenant of Sussex
Office abolished
Preceded by
New creation
Lord Lieutenant of West Sussex
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Norfolk
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Fitzalan-Howard
Duke of Norfolk
Succeeded by
Miles Fitzalan-Howard
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Gwendolen Fitzalan-Howard
Lord Herries of Terregles
Succeeded by
Anne Cowdrey