Bernhard Molique

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Bernhard Molique

Bernhard Molique (Wilhelm Bernhard Molique; 7 October 1802 – 10 May 1869) was a German violinist and composer.


He was born in Nuremberg. His father was a musician and the boy studied various instruments, but finally devoted himself to the violin. In 1815 he received some lessons from Louis Spohr, and then studied the violin for two years at the University of Munich under Pietro Rovelli.


In 1820 Molique succeeded Rovelli as court violinist in Munich, and, after several successful tours, in 1826 he became music director at Stuttgart. He died in Cannstatt in 1869. One of his pupils was the violinist Henry Blagrove.


As a composer Molique was unapologetically self-taught. His music displays the influence of Beethoven, Mozart, Mendelssohn and, especially, Louis Spohr. The then radical developments represented by Berlioz (who publicly praised his violin playing) and the New German School (German: Neudeutschen Schule) left Molique untouched, however.

His Cello Concerto was successfully played in Baden-Baden, by Léon Jacquard, conducted by Hector Berlioz, on August 27, 1860. He also wrote some charming songs.

Other selected compositions

  • Chamber music
    • String Quartets, Opp. 16 (in G) and 17 (the latter in C minor)[1]
    • Three String Quartets, Op. 18[2] (published 1843)[3]
    • First grand trio concertante for piano, violin and violoncello, Op. 27[4]
    • Sixth String Quartet, Op. 28 in F minor[5]
    • Quintet for flute, violin, violas, violoncello, Op. 35, D major[6]
    • Seventh String Quartet in B-flat major Op. 42 (published 1854)[7][8]
    • Eighth String Quartet, Op. 44 in A minor (published by Kistner of Leipzig by 1853)[9]
    • Second Piano Trio, Op. 52 in F major (published 1858)[8][10]
    • Sonata for Concertina and Piano, Op. 57 (1857)
    • Piano Quartet, Op. 71 in E-flat major (published 1870)[8][10]
  • Concertante works
    • Concertino in F minor for violin, Op. 1[11]
    • Violin Concerto no. 1 in E major Op. 4 (published 1830)[4][8][11]
    • Violin Concerto no. 2 in A major, Op. 9 (published 1833)[4][8][12]
    • Violin Concerto no. 3 in D minor, Op. 10[13]
    • Violin Concerto no. 4 in D major Op. 14 (published 1839)[14]
    • Violin Concerto no. 5 in A minor, Op. 21 (published 1845)[8][15]
    • Violin Concerto no. 6 in E minor Op. 30 (ca. 1847?)[4]
    • Cello Concerto in D, Op. 45 (published 1854)[8]
    • Concertino for Oboe and Orchestra in G minor
    • Flute Concerto in D minor, Op. 69[16]
    • Clarinet Concerto in F minor, 1824[17]
  • Oratorio
    • Abraham, op. 65.[18]
  • Liturgical


  1. Both in Bloomington Music Library, Indiana.
  2. Recorded on cpo in 2003-2004 & 2006
  3. "Hofmeisters Monatsberichte". 1843. Retrieved December 10, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Library of the Univ Bibl Johann Christian Senckenberg
  5. Also in Bloomington Music Library
  6. "Permalink for 1978 Edition of Molique Flute Quintet at Cornell". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Persistent Link to University of Illinois Library Page for New Merton Music Edition". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Dates from searches at Hofmeisters Monatsbericht online ( ).
  9. At Bloomington Music Library, Indiana
  10. 10.0 10.1 Juilliard School Library.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Classical Composers Molique Site". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Newberry Library Catalog Listing
  13. "Persistent Link to New England Conservatory's Fenway Libraries Entry for Violin Concerto 3 Reduced Score". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. At Yale University Library.
  15. Los Angeles Public Library.
  16. "Cornell Permalink for 1940s Edition of Molique Flute Concerto". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Permalink at BSB (Bavarian Library) for Clarinet Concerto". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Permalink for Abraham Oratorio at Veech Library". Retrieved 2009-01-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Library of Congress listing.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [ "Molique, Wilhelm Bernhardt" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). [ "Molique, Wilhelm Bernhard" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links