Bernice Sandler

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Bernice Resnick Sandler (born 1928)[1] is an American women's rights activist. Instrumental in the creation of Title IX, a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, she was called "the godmother of Title IX" by the New York Times.[2] She has written extensively about sexual and peer harassment towards women on campus, coining the terms "gang rape" and "the chilly campus climate".[2][3] She was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame in 2010, and the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2013.[3][4] Some of her papers are held in the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, at Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.[5][6]


  • Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment K-12: Strategies and Solutions for Educators to Use in the Classroom, School, and Community, with Harriet M. Stonehill (2005). Rowman & Littlefield Education, ISBN 1578862612
  • "10 Ways Expert Witnesses Can be Used in Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment Cases" (1997)
  • Sexual Harassment on Campus: A Guide for Administrators, Faculty and Students, editor with Robert J. Shoop (1996). Allyn and Bacon, ISBN 0205167128.
  • The Chilly Classroom Climate: A Guide to Improve the Education of Women, with others (1996). National Assn. for Women in Education.
  • Educator's guide to controlling sexual harassment, with Michele Antoinette Paludi (1993). Thompson Pub. Group.
  • Success and survival strategies for women faculty members (1992). Association of American Colleges.
  • Teaching faculty members to be better teachers : a guide to equitable and effective classroom techniques, with Ellen Hoffman (1992). Association of American Colleges.

In Film

Sandler and her role in implementing Title IX is highlighted in the documentary film Rise of the Wahine, directed by Dean Kaneshiro.[7]


Further reading

External links