Big Chocolate

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"Big chocolate" is a business term assigned to multi-national chocolate food producers, much akin to the terms assigned to "big oil" and "big tobacco".

According to self-described fair trade proponents including Ghanaian cooperative Kuapa Kokoo,[1][2] "Big Chocolate" companies are Kraft (after their purchase of Cadbury plc in March 2010), Mars, Nestlé, and The Hershey Company. Together these companies process about 12%[citation needed] of the world's 3 million tons[3] of cocoa each year.

At the core of the chocolate debate across Europe, parts of Asia and the United States is the definition of chocolate itself, and whether percentages of cocoa in production should render some candies unable to carry the chocolate food definition.

At issue also is the ability to replace cocoa butter or dairy components of chocolate with cheaper vegetable fats or polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR), thereby reducing the quantity of actual cocoa in the finished product while creating an arguably more unhealthy confection.[4] Currently the United States, some parts of the European Union and Russia do not allow vegetable fats as ingredients of products labeled as chocolate. The United Kingdom, Ireland and Denmark allow vegetable fat as an ingredient.[5]

"Big Chocolate" also refers to the political and social effects of a unifying industry. Consolidated buying enables large cocoa users to wield significant impact in economies, many of them poor African nations, that rely on cocoa production as a critical element of foreign trade.

See also


  1. Swift, Richard (August 1998). "A cocoa farmer in Cadbury's court". New Internationalist. Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Estis, Wynston (February 2004). "Fair Trade and Chocolate". Willy Street Cooperative. Retrieved 2008-01-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Strott, Elizabeth (2007-03-21). "World chocolate shortage ahead?". MSN Money. Archived from the original on 10 December 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Chocolate wars: Big Chocolate wants to make bars with even less cocoa in them – but not everyone thinks this is a good idea". New Internationalist. August 1998. Archived from the original on 5 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Osborn, Andrew (2003-01-17). "Chocolate war over after 30 years". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-04-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

External links