Bryson in 2005
|Born||William McGuire Bryson
December 8, 1951
Des Moines, Iowa, United States
William McGuire "Bill" Bryson, OBE, FRS (//; born December 8, 1951) is a best-selling Anglo-American author of humorous books on travel, as well as books on the English language and science. Born in the United States, he was a resident of Britain for most of his adult life before returning to America in 1995. In 2003 Bryson and his wife and four children moved back to Britain, living in the old rectory of Wramplingham, Norfolk. He served as the chancellor of Durham University from 2005 to 2011.
Bryson came to prominence in the United Kingdom with the publication of Notes from a Small Island (1995), an exploration of Britain, and its accompanying television series. He received widespread recognition again with the publication of A Short History of Nearly Everything (2003), a book widely acclaimed for its accessible communication of science.
Bryson was born in Des Moines, Iowa, the son of Agnes Mary (née McGuire) and sports journalist Bill Bryson, Sr. ("I come from Des Moines, Iowa. Somebody had to." — Bill Bryson, "The Lost Continent"). His mother was of Irish descent. He had an older brother, Michael (1942–2012), and a sister, Mary Jane Elizabeth. In 2006 Bryson published The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid, a humorous account of his childhood years in Des Moines.
Bryson attended Drake University for two years before dropping out in 1972, deciding instead to backpack around Europe for four months. He returned to Europe the following year with a high-school friend, the pseudonymous Stephen Katz. Some of his experiences from this trip were relived as flashbacks in Neither Here Nor There: Travels in Europe, which documents a similar journey Bryson made twenty years later.
Move to the United Kingdom
Bryson first visited Britain in 1973 during a tour of Europe and decided to stay after landing a job working in a psychiatric hospital — the now-defunct Holloway Sanatorium in Virginia Water, Surrey. He met a nurse there named Cynthia Billen, whom he married. They moved to Bryson's hometown of Des Moines, Iowa in 1975 so that Bryson could complete his college degree at Drake University. In 1977 they settled in Britain, where they remained until 1995.
Eventually living in North Yorkshire and mainly working as a journalist, Bryson became chief copy editor of the business section of The Times and then deputy national news editor of the business section of The Independent. He left journalism in 1987, three years after the birth of his third child. Living in Kirkby Malham, North Yorkshire, Bryson started writing independently and in 1990 their fourth child, Samuel, was born.
Although able to apply for British citizenship, Bryson said in 2010 that he had declined a citizenship test, declaring himself "too cowardly" to take it. However, in 2014, he said that he was preparing to take the test. In the prologue to his 2015 book The Road to Little Dribbling he describes his experiences taking and passing the British citizenship exam. He subsequently applied, and was accepted for British citizenship, but retained his American citizenship so holds dual nationality.
In 1995 Bryson returned to the United States to live in Hanover, New Hampshire, for some years. While there he wrote a column for a British newspaper for several years, reflecting on humorous aspects of his repatriation in America. These columns were selected and adapted to become his book I'm a Stranger Here Myself, alternatively titled Notes from a Big Country in Britain, Canada, and Australia. During his time in the United States, Bryson decided to walk the Appalachian Trail with his friend Stephen Katz (a pseudonym), about which he wrote the book A Walk in the Woods. In the 2015 film adaptation of A Walk in the Woods, Bryson is portrayed by Academy Award winner Robert Redford and Katz is portrayed by Nick Nolte (Bryson is portrayed as being much older than he was at the time of his actual walk).
Also in 2003, in conjunction with World Book Day, British voters chose Bryson's book Notes from a Small Island as that which best sums up British identity and the state of the nation. In the same year, he was appointed a Commissioner for English Heritage.
In 2004 Bryson won the prestigious Aventis Prize for best general science book with A Short History of Nearly Everything. This 500-page popular science work explores not only the histories and current statuses of the sciences, but also reveals their humble and often humorous beginnings. Although one "top scientist" is alleged to have jokingly described the book as "annoyingly free of mistakes", Bryson himself makes no such claim and a list of some reported errors in the book is available online. In 2005, the book won the EU Descartes Prize for science communication.
In May 2007, he became the president of the Campaign to Protect Rural England. His first area of focus in this role was the establishment of an anti-littering campaign across England. He discussed the future of the countryside with Richard Mabey, Sue Clifford, Nicholas Crane, and Richard Girling at CPRE's Volunteer Conference in November 2007.
Bryson has also written two popular works on the history of the English language — The Mother Tongue and Made in America — and, more recently, an update of his guide to usage, Bryson's Dictionary of Troublesome Words (published in its first edition as The Penguin Dictionary of Troublesome Words in 1983).
Awards and honours
In 2005 Bryson was appointed chancellor of Durham University, succeeding the late Sir Peter Ustinov, and became more active with student activities than is common for holders of that post, even appearing in a Durham student film and promoting litter picks in the city. He had praised Durham as "a perfect little city" in Notes from a Small Island. He has also been awarded honorary degrees by numerous universities, including Bournemouth University (April 2002) and the Open University.
In 2005 Bryson received the President's Award from the Royal Society of Chemistry for advancing the cause of the chemical sciences. In the same year, Bryson and the RSC jointly created the Bill Bryson prize, an annual award to encourage science writing in schools. 
On 13 December 2006, Bryson was awarded an honorary OBE for his contribution to literature. The following year, he was awarded the James Joyce Award by the Literary and Historical Society of University College Dublin.
On 13 November 2012, Bryson was awarded an honorary doctorate from King's College London. According to King's site, the award was relating to: "Bill Bryson OBE: the UK's highest-selling author of non-fiction, acclaimed as a science communicator, historian and man of letters."
|“||Bill Bryson is a popular author who is driven by a deep curiosity for the world we live in. Bill’s books and lectures demonstrate an abiding love for science and an appreciation for its social importance. His international bestseller, A Short History of Nearly Everything (2003), is widely acclaimed for its accessible communication of science and has since been adapted for children.
His belief in the importance of science in shaping our future — and the need to improve how we communicate the vitality and excitement that science provides — led Bill to set up the Bill Bryson Prize for Science Communication, in conjunction with the Royal Society of Chemistry. The competition engages students from around the world in explaining science to non-experts.
Bill has received numerous awards for his remarkable ability to communicate science with such passion and enthusiasm. For the Royal Society’s 350th anniversary, Bill edited Seeing Further: The Story of Science and the Royal Society (2010), enabling the Society to convey the excitement and relevance of its own history to a wide audience.
Bryson has written the following books:
|The Palace under the Alps and Over 200 Other Unusual, Unspoiled and Infrequently Visited Spots in 16 European Countries||January 1985||Travel|
|The Lost Continent: Travels in Small-Town America||August 1989||Travel|
|The Mother Tongue: English and How It Got That Way (U.S.) / Mother Tongue: The English Language (UK)||June 1, 1990||Language||Adapted for Journeys in English in 2004 for BBC Radio 4.|
|Neither Here Nor There: Travels in Europe||February 1, 1992||Travel|
|Made in America (UK) / Made in America: An Informal History of the English Language in the United States (U.S.)||July 4, 1994||Language|
|Notes from a Small Island||May 16, 1996||Travel||Adapted for television by Carlton Television in 1998.|
|A Walk in the Woods: Rediscovering America on the Appalachian Trail||May 4, 1998||Travel||Featuring Stephen Katz|
|Notes from a Big Country (UK) / I'm a Stranger Here Myself (U.S.)||January 1, 1999||Travel|
|Down Under (UK) / In a Sunburned Country (U.S.)||June 6, 2000||Travel|
|Bryson's Dictionary of Troublesome Words||September 17, 2002||Language|
|Walk About||October 1, 2002||Travel||Single volume containing Down Under and A Walk in the Woods.|
|Bill Bryson's African Diary||December 3, 2002||Travel||Travels in Africa for CARE International.|
|A Short History of Nearly Everything||May 6, 2003||Science|
|The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid||October 17, 2006||Memoir|
|Shakespeare: The World as Stage||January 1, 2007||Biography|
|Icons of England||2008||History||A collection of essays from various contributors, edited by Bryson|
|Bryson's Dictionary for Writers and Editors||May 20, 2008||Language|
|A Really Short History of Nearly Everything||October 27, 2009||Science|
|At Home: A Short History of Private Life||December 5, 2010||History|
|One Summer: America, 1927||October 1, 2013||History|
|The Road to Little Dribbling||October 8, 2015||Travel|
- Bill Bryson Profile at Durham University
- Bill Bryson at the Internet Movie Database
- Bill Bryson collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- Bill Bryson collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid, p121.
- Longden. "Famous Iowans: Bill Bryson first=Tom". Des Moines Register. Missing pipe in:
- Barkham, Patrick (2010-05-29). "Bill Bryson: I'll cheer for England, but I won't risk citizenship test". The Guardian. London.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Gleick, Elizabeth (May 30, 1999). "Notes from a huge landmass". New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Bryson tops 'England' poll". BBC News. 2003-03-06. Retrieved 2008-08-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Pauli, Michelle (2005-12-07). "Bryson wins Descartes prize for his guide to science". The Guardian. London.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Crace, John (2005-11-15). "Bill Bryson: The accidental chancellor". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-26. Unknown parameter
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- "Errata and corrigenda: "A Short History of Nearly Everything" by Bill Bryson".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- PM in conversation with Bill Bryson, The official site of the Prime Minister’s Office (published 2006-11-30), 2006-11-29, retrieved 2009-04-10 External link in
- Pomfret Swartz Fellows
- "Bryson to head litterbug campaign". BBC News. 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2008-08-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Contact Us - Campaign to Protect Rural England".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Bill Bryson Litter Pick". durham21. 2008-03-01. Retrieved 2011-09-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bill Bryson visits his utopia (May 7, 2002), The Independent.
- "Westminster setting for Bill Bryson award", 31 October 2005, accessed 21 November 2010.
- The City of Des Moines Proclamation of October 21, 2006 as "The Thunderbird Kid" Day at the Wayback Machine (archived June 25, 2008) (archived from the original on 2008-06-25)
- "Bill Bryson made an honorary OBE". BBC News. 2006-12-13. Retrieved 2008-08-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Bryson Start of Golden Period".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Bill Bryson stepping down as Chancellor". Durham University. 2010-09-20. Retrieved 2011-07-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Bill Bryson receives honorary doctorate". King's College London. 2012-11-14.
- "The Main Library is being renamed 'The Bill Bryson Library'!". Durham University. 2012-09-25. Retrieved 2012-11-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Bill Bryson Library renaming event, Tuesday 27 November 2012". Durham University. 2012-11-22.
- "Mr Bill Bryson OBE FRS Honorary Fellow". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-10-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> biographical text reproduced here was originally published by the Royal Society under a creative commons license
- "New Fellows 2013". Royal Society. 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2012-05-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Honorary Fellows of the Royal Society". Royal Society. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2013-11-24.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (May 2014)
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Bill Bryson|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bill Bryson.|
- Bill Bryson at Random House
- Works at Open Library
- Article archive at Journalisted
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Bill Bryson — A short history of nearly everything presentation at the Royal Society
- A brief excerpt from The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid at the Wayback Machine (archived from the original on 2007-10-05)
- The Life & Times of the Thunderbolt Kid Reviews at the Wayback Machine (archived April 30, 2008) at Metacritic (archived from the original on 2008-04-30)
- BBC Wear - Bill Bryson loves Durham
- Interview with Bill Bryson about organ donation
- BBC Radio Five Live interview with Bill Bryson about the British countryside
- CPRE interview on the proposed South Downs National Park at the Wayback Machine (archived February 17, 2008) (archived from the original)
- Interview with Bill Bryson about his career in travel writing.
- At Home: A History of Private Life by Bill Bryson: A review, James Walton, The Telegraph, 19 June 2010
- Bill Bryson interviewed by Sophie Elmhirst on New Statesman, 14 October 2010.
- Bill Bryson interview on BBC Radio 4 Desert Island Discs, February 5, 1999
Sir Peter Ustinov
|Chancellor of the University of Durham
Sir Thomas Allen
Sir Max Hastings
|President of the CPRE