Bill Mollison

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Bill Mollison
Bill Mollison 01.jpg
Born 1928 (age 92–93)
Stanley, Tasmania, Australia
Residence Australia
Nationality Australian
Fields Biologist and environmentalist
Institutions CSIRO
Tasmania Museum
Inland Fisheries Commission
Permaculture Institute
Alma mater University of Tasmania
Known for Environmental psychology
Notable awards Right Livelihood Award (1981)

Bruce Charles "Bill" Mollison (born 1928 in Stanley, Tasmania) is an Australian researcher, author, scientist, teacher, and biologist. He is considered to be the "father of permaculture"[1] (although Joseph Russell Smith was the first to write about a system of permanent agriculture in a book entitled Tree Crops, published in 1929, and also a book from 1910 entitled Breeding and Use of Tree Crops[2][3][4]). Permaculture is an integrated system of design which Mollison co-developed with David Holmgren, and it encompasses not only agriculture, horticulture, architecture, and ecology, but also economic systems, land access strategies, and legal systems for businesses and communities. In 1978, Mollison collaborated with Holmgren and they wrote a book called Permaculture One. Mollison founded The Permaculture Institute in Tasmania, and created a training system to train others under the umbrella of Permaculture.[5] Mollison's system of train the trainer has taught thousands of people how to grow food and be sustainable using the Permaculture method.

He received the Right Livelihood Award in 1981 with Patrick van Rensburg.


  • Permaculture One: A Perennial Agriculture for Human Settlements (with David Holmgren, Trasworld Publishers, 1978) ISBN 978-0-938240-00-6
  • Permaculture Two: Practical Design for Town and Country in Permanent Agriculture (Tagari Publications, 1979)
  • Permaculture – A Designer's Manual (1988) ISBN 978-0-908228-01-0
  • Introduction to Permaculture (1991, Revised 1997) ISBN 978-0-908228-08-9
  • The Permaculture Book of Ferment and Human Nutrition (1993, Revised 2011) ISBN 978-0-908228-06-5
  • Travels in Dreams: An Autobiography (1996) ISBN 978-0-908228-11-9


  • Mollison, Bill (15–21 September 1978). "The One-Straw Revolution by Masanobu Fukuoka – book review". Nation Review. p. 18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

See also


  1. "The Companion to Tasmanian History". University of Tasmania, Australia; Library. Retrieved 1 January 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Center For Deep Ecology". Retrieved 1 January 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Smith, Joseph Russell. Tree Crops: A Permanent Agriculture, Conservation classics, "A 'Friends of the land' book" (1950 reprint). Island Press. ISBN 9780933280441. Retrieved 12 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Smith, Joseph Russell (1910). Breeding and Use of Tree Crops. Retrieved 12 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Ie., teachers such as April Sampson-Kelly who created the first on-line system called, Permaculturevisions Online Institute in 1993, via

External links


Video interviews/features