Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Ashburton
In office
1 March 1845 – February 1846
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel
Preceded by Sir Edward Knatchbull
Succeeded by Thomas Babington Macaulay
Personal details
Born (1799-06-00)June 1799
Died 23 March 1864(1864-03-23) (aged 64)
The Grange, Hertfordshire
Nationality British
Political party Whig (to 1837)
Tory from 1837
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Harriet Montagu
m. 1823; d. 1857
(2) Louisa Stewart-Mackenzie
m. 1858; wid. 1864
Alma mater Oriel College, Oxford

Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton PC DL FRS (William Bingham Baring; June 1799–23 March 1864) was a British businessman and a Whig politician who later became a Tory.[1]

Background and education

Baring was the eldest son of Alexander Baring, 1st Baron Ashburton and his wife Anne Louisa, daughter of William Bingham.[2][3] He was educated at Oriel College, Oxford, where he graduated in classics in 1821. He received a Master of Arts in 1836 and a Honorary Doctorate of Civil Law in 1856.[4]

Political career

Baring sat as Member of Parliament for Thetford between 1826 and 1830 and 1841 and 1848,[5] for Callington between 1830 and 1831,[6] for Winchester between 1832 and 1837[7] and for Staffordshire North between 1837 and 1841.[8] He was elected as a Whig in 1832 and 1835, and from 1837 as a Tory.[9] He served under Sir Robert Peel as Joint Secretary to the Board of Control from 1841 to 1845 and as Paymaster-General, with a seat in the cabinet, from 1845 to 1846.[3] In 1845 he was sworn of the Privy Council.[10] In 1848 he succeeded his father in the barony and entered the House of Lords.[3]

Baring was a member of the Canterbury Association from 27 May 1848.[11] He was a commandeur of the Légion d'honneur, awarded for his services to commerce. He served as captain in the Hampshire Yeomanry Cavalry and was a Deputy Lieutenant for that county.[4] In 1854 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[3] One of his on-going legacies is the National Rifle Association's competition for the Ashburton Shield which was donated by Lord Ashburton in 1861.[12]


Lord Ashburton married as his first wife, Lady Harriet Mary Montagu,[13] eldest daughter of George Montagu, 6th Earl of Sandwich, on 12 April 1823.[3] Their only child, Alexander Montagu Baring (1828–1830), died as an infant. Lady Harriet is well known for inspiring the devotion of Thomas Carlyle, to the great dismay of his wife Jane Welsh Carlyle.[14] Lady Harriet died on 4 May 1857, aged 51.

Lord Ashburton married as his second wife Louisa Caroline Stewart-Mackenzie, youngest daughter of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie, on 17 November 1858. They had one daughter, the Hon. Mary Florence, born on 26 June 1860 at Bath House, Piccadilly, London (a site now occupied by the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority), who married William Compton, 5th Marquess of Northampton. Lord Ashburton died at The Grange, Hertfordshire, in March 1864, aged 64.

He was succeeded in the barony by his younger brother, Francis. Lady Ashburton subsequently had an intimate relationship with the sculptor Harriet Hosmer.[15] She died in London in February 1903, aged 75.[3]

The Ashburton River in New Zealand and the town of the same name located on the river were named by the chief surveyor of the Canterbury Association, Joseph Thomas, after Lord Ashburton.[11]


  1.  [ "Baring, William Bingham" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Charles Mosley, editor. Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 120.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Record for William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton on
  4. 4.0 4.1 Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 95.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. House of Commons: Tain Burghs to Tipperary North
  6. House of Commons: Caernarfon to Cambridgeshire South West
  7. House of Commons: Wigan to Withington
  8. House of Commons: Southend to Stamford
  9. Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 334, 456, 305. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. The London Gazette: no. 20484. p. 1931. 1 July 1845.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Blain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848-1852): A Study of Its Members’ Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 14–16. Retrieved 20 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Edward Walford, (2006 reprinted), Greater London. A Narrative of Its History, Its People, and Its Places. Volume 2, page 508, (Adamant Media Corporation)
  13. Watts, George Frederic. "Portrait of Lady Ashburton". ArtFlakes.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Kenneth J. Fielding, David R. Sorensen (ed) Jane Carlyle: newly selected letters, Ashgate, 2004, pp.xiv-xvi.
  15. Dolly Sherwood, Harriet Hosmer, University of Missouri Press, pp.102-3; 270-3.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Charles FitzRoy
Nicholas Ridley-Colborne
Member of Parliament for Thetford
With: Lord Charles FitzRoy
Succeeded by
Lord James FitzRoy
Francis Baring
Preceded by
Alexander Baring
Matthias Attwood
Member of Parliament for Callington
With: Alexander Baring
Succeeded by
Henry Bingham Baring
Edward Charles Hugh Herbert
Preceded by
Paulet St John-Mildmay
James Buller East
Member of Parliament for Winchester
With: Paulet St John-Mildmay 1832–1835
James Buller East 1835–1837
Succeeded by
James Buller East
Paulet St John-Mildmay
Preceded by
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bt
Edward Manningham-Buller
Member of Parliament for North Staffordshire
With: Edward Manningham-Buller
Succeeded by
Jesse David Watts Russell
Charles Adderley
Preceded by
Francis Baring
The Earl of Euston
Member of Parliament for Thetford
With: The Earl of Euston 1841–1842
Sir James Flower, Bt 1842–1847
Earl of Euston 1847–1848
Succeeded by
Earl of Euston
Francis Baring
Political offices
Preceded by
William Clay
Charles Buller
Secretary to the Board of Control
with James Emerson Tennent

Succeeded by
Viscount Jocelyn
Viscount Mahon
Preceded by
Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bt
Succeeded by
Thomas Babington Macaulay
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Baring
Baron Ashburton
Succeeded by
Francis Baring