Yugoslav auxiliary Ugor

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History
SFR Yugoslavia
Name: PO-92 Ugor
Namesake: Conger eel
Builder: BSO Split
Yard number: 517
Completed: 1983
Decommissioned: 1992
Out of service: 1998
Fate: Sold into merchant service
Montenegro
Name:
  • Kairos I
  • Boka Star
  • Star
Out of service: 2002
Identification: IMO number: 8929367
Fate: Broken up 2012
General characteristics
Displacement: 600 t (590 long tons) standard, 860 t (850 long tons) full load
Length: 58.20 m (190 ft 11 in)
Beam: 11.00 m (36 ft 1 in)
Draught: 2.75 m (9 ft 0 in)
Installed power: 2,600 kW (3,480 bhp)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shafts
  • 2 diesel engines
Speed: 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Range: 1,500 nmi (2,800 km; 1,700 mi) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Capacity:
  • 150 fully armed troops
  • Six tanks
Complement: 43
Armament:

Ugor (PO-92) was a PO-class logistic transport ship of the Yugoslav Navy, built in 1983 and classed as an ammunition auxiliary. Later sold into merchant service, the ship traded under Montenegrin ownership with the names Kairos I and Boka Star. She was seized in 2002 by the Croatian authorities for arms smuggling and later demolished as Star.

Characteristics

Ugor was 58.20 metres (190 ft 11 in) long, with a beam of 11.00 metres (36 ft 1 in) and a mean draught of 2.75 metres (9 ft 0 in). Displacement was 600 tonnes (590 long tons) standard and 860 tonnes (850 long tons) full load. Two B&W-Alpha diesel engines with a total rating of 2,600 kilowatts (3,480 bhp) drove two shafts, giving a speed of 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph).[1] The ship had a range of 1,500 nautical miles (2,800 km; 1,700 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). The ship was of Ro-Ro configuration, fitted with a bow visor and bow ramp to aid loading and unloading of vehicles, and with two slewing cranes on the upper deck. The main cargo deck could accommodate up to six tanks, while 150 fully armed troops could be carried in addition to the ship's crew of 43.[2]

Naval service

Built in 1983, Ugor (PO-92) was the second ship, after Lubin (PO-91) and before Kit (PO-93), in a class of three small multi-role transport ships, known as the Lubin class by NATO.[2][3] Designed by Brodoprojekt Rijeka, she was built for the Yugoslav Navy as Yard No.517 at the BSO-Brodosplit shipyard, Split.[1][3] Their primary function was the replenishing of warships of the Yugoslav Navy with weapons, and as such were designated PO (Serbian: Pomoćni oružar - Ammunition Auxiliary).[2]

Following the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991–1992, Ugor remained part of the Yugoslav Navy though, together with Lubin, was laid up. In 1996 they were reported as transferred to Montenegro for scrapping or commercial use.[4]

Merchant service

In commercial service, she served under the Montenegrin ownership, initially as Kairos I and from 1997 as Boka Star, initially under the Belize flag.[1] After being re-flagged to Tonga in January 2002, and under the ownership of Shipstar Shipping Services, itself owned by a Montenegrin, Marko Balić, the ship was involved in an arms-smuggling controversy.[1][5][6]

Seizure

On 22 October 2002, Boka Star was seized by Croatian authorities at the port of Rijeka, following a tip-off from American intelligence, on suspicion that the ship was being used for arms smuggling. The ship's cargo, loaded at Bar, Montenegro, included 14 transport containers of chemical pellets, declared as activated carbon and water filters, but in fact 208,337 kilograms (459,304 lb) of explosives, consisting of nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin.[7] The captain and chief officer of Boka Star were acquitted, but Balić was found guilty in absentia of smuggling arms and issuing forged documents, and sentenced six years in prison with sentence that was not final.[8] Following his arrest in Greece and appeal to the Croatian Supreme Court in 2014, he was released from prison and previous sentence was dismissed because reasons for judgment where not valid and charges are changed to only customs violation and he is pending retrial.[9]

Sale

The ship was sold by Balić in 2003 to the Esprite Shipping Corporation, based in the Marshall Islands, but the continuing legal proceedings resulted in the ship being kept under control of the court and being towed to Pula military port. Eventually, in 2011, Boka Star was sold at auction to the Croatian company Splitska Plovibda,[10] but resold for demolition in Aliağa, Turkey as the Togo-flag Star in February 2012.[1][11]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Star". Sea-Web (subscription required). IHS-Global. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Prézelin and Baker 1990, p. 941.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "BSO - Review of Delivered Vessels since 1980" (PDF). Brodosplit. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  4. Baker 1998, p. 1169.
  5. Connections. Partnership for Peace. Consortium of Defense Academies and Security Studies Institutes. 6: 81.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. "Arrest warrant for Boka Star owner". Journal of Commerce. United Business Media. 31 October 2002. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  7. "IZJAVA ZA JAVNOST - kaznene prijave protiv odgovornih za brod Boka Star". Croatian Ministry of the Interior. 30 October 2002. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  8. http://www.novilist.hr/Vijesti/Crna-kronika/Za-krijumcarenje-208-tona-baruta-na-brodu-Boka-Star-sest-godina-zatvora
  9. "Sudska praksa VSRH" (in hrvatski). Croatian Supreme Court. Retrieved 2015-12-04. 
  10. "MORH posvaja brod Boka Star?". JutarnjiList. 5 February 2006. Retrieved 22 November 2015. 
  11. "Ugor". Miramar Ship Index (subscription required). R G Haworth, New Zealand. Retrieved 24 November 2015. 
  • A.D. Baker III, ed. (1998). The Naval Institute Guide to Combined Fleets of the World 1998–1999. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-111-4. 
  • Prézelin, Bernard; A.D. Baker III, eds. (1990). The Naval Institute Guide to Combined Fleets of the World 1990/1991. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-250-8. 

External links