|Launched||April 21, 2001|
|39,199 (April 2014[update])|
BookCrossing (also BC, BCing or BXing) is defined as "the practice of leaving a book in a public place to be picked up and read by others, who then do likewise." The term is derived from bookcrossing.com, a free online book club which was founded to encourage the practice, aiming to "make the whole world a library."
The 'crossing' or exchanging of books may take any of a number of forms, including wild-releasing books in public, direct swaps with other members of the websites, or "book rings" in which books travel in a set order to participants who want to read a certain book. The community aspect of BookCrossing.com has grown and expanded in ways that were not expected at the outset, in the form of blog or forum discussions, mailing lists and annual conventions throughout the world.
Leaving reading materials in public places when no longer needed has long been a silent means of communication and sociability amongst bibliophiles. Ron Hornbaker conceived the idea for what is now known as BookCrossing in late March 2001. Along with business partners and co-founders Bruce and Heather Pedersen, BookCrossing.com was developed and then deployed on April 21, 2001. Since then, it has expanded and grown throughout the world. By April 2003 the website had over 113,000 members, and in 2004 the Concise Oxford Dictionary included the word "bookcrossing". In the same year, BookCrossing was featured as a part of a storyline in the Australian soap opera Neighbours. In the same year, BookCrossing had good start in Croatia too, thanks to Velimir Schubert. As of 23 July 2010, Bookcrossing.com had over 871,000 members, with over 6,427,000 registered books. By March 2012, membership exceeded 1,000,000 and the registered book count exceeded 8,500,000. By May 2013, there were 1,855,000 members and 9,710,000 books registered.. By August 2015, there were over 1,400,000 members and over 11,000,000 books travelling through 132 countries. 
In July 2007 Singapore became the first official BookCrossing country in the world. In an initiative launched together with the National Library of Singapore, 2,000 locations within the country were designated as 'hotspots', similar to Official BookCrossing Zones. In 2008, BookCrossing was introduced to Abu Dhabi as part of a joint venture with the Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage. In 2010. BookCrossing Zones were introduced in Serbia.
In May 2005 BookCrossing.com won two People's Voice awards in the Webby Awards for best community website and best social/networking website. BookCrossing was also featured in a BBC Radio project broadcast as 84 Book Crossing Road, which involved releasing 84 copies of Helene Hanff's book 84 Charing Cross Road around the world. The programme was produced by Tim Heffer and Alan Hall of Falling Tree Productions, and was nominated for a Sony Radio Academy Award in 2006.
International BookCrossing Day
On the 21 of April 2014 the world's first official day for this activity took place.
Anyone who wishes to officially participate in "releasing" books, whether leaving it in a public place or passing it on to a friend, may register on the BookCrossing.com website, although there is the option to remain anonymous when "catching" or recording the find of a book. BookCrossing.com users can 'go hunting', where a member will go to the website to view a list of books that have recently been "released", then go to the location it was left to "catch" it. Books may also be left at Official BookCrossing Zones" (OBCZs), which are located in certain coffee shops, cafes, restaurants and other public places. The purpose of these locations is to get current members in the area to leave books to share with the public. This also advertises BookCrossing and creates more members.
Conventions and unconventions
There is a BookCrossing anniversary convention every April, where BookCrossers go to enjoy organized literary-related events and release books together. The location of the convention changes each year: Melbourne, Australia (2014), Gothenburg, Sweden (2013), Dublin, Ireland (2012), Washington, D.C., USA (2011), Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2010), Christchurch, New Zealand (2009), London, UK (2008), Charleston, SC, USA (2007), Toronto, Canada (2006), Fort Worth, TX, USA (2005), St. Louis, MO, USA (2004). Many unofficial conventions or "unconventions" take place at other locations and times throughout the year, making it easier for BookCrossers who cannot travel internationally for the convention to gather and share their love of books.
Controversy and criticism
In 2003, BookCrossing was criticized by Jessica Adams, author of several "chick lit" novels, who claimed that books were being "devalued" by the website as BookCrossing could lead to lower sales of books and, therefore, the reduction in royalties being paid to authors. Most BookCrossers dispute this argument, however. They claim that the website introduces readers to authors and genres that they have not read before, that the website encourages more people to take up or reclaim reading as a hobby, and that some members, having read a book that they have enjoyed, will buy extra copies to distribute through BookCrossing.
In March 2005, Caroline Martin, managing director of the publisher Harper Press, said in a speech that "book publishing as a whole has its very own potential Napster crisis in the growing practice of bookcrossing". BookCrossers rebut the link to Napster, saying that whilst music filesharing involves duplicating audio files countless times, BookCrossing doesn't involve duplicating books (and also does not involve violating copyright, as books can be sold or given away freely without permission of the publisher being needed). The founder of BookCrossing, Ron Hornbaker, originally wondered if people would make this comparison when BookCrossing was first launched.
- Book swapping. Contain a list of the other book swapping websites
- Book sales club
- Give-away shop
- Gift economy
- Postcrossing - gift-giving community of postcards
- Public bookcase
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- "Sony Radio Academy Awards". 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
- The First International BookCrossing Day
- Harrod, Horatia; Walker, Marianna (2008-03-16). "Free Culture". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
- Rebekah Denn (2003-09-05). "Readers are Leaving a Trail of Free Books All Over the Place". The Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- "BookCrossing - Conventions". Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "About BookCrossing Unconventions". Retrieved 2010-12-02.
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- "BookCrossing - Frequently Asked Questions". Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- Andrew Cave (2006-10-15). "A Novel Idea Has Led to Best-Sellers Turning up in the Strangest of Places". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- Clint Witchalls (2003-02-20). "Finders Keepers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
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- Hawkins, Jim. "JimOnTheRadio's Bookshelf". BookCrossing.
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