Brazoria, Texas

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Brazoria, Texas
City
Location of Brazoria, Texas
Location of Brazoria, Texas
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Country United States
State Texas
County Brazoria
Area
 • Total 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
 • Land 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 30 ft (9 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,019
 • Density 1,156/sq mi (446.2/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 77422
Area code(s) 979
FIPS code 48-10072[1]
GNIS feature ID 1352845[2]

Brazoria is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area and Brazoria County. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the city population was 3,019.[3]

Brazoria was originally founded as a port for Stephen F. Austin's colony.[citation needed]

Geography

Brazoria is located southwest of the center of Brazoria County at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. (29.047216, -95.567625).[4] The northeast edge of the community, known as Old Brazoria, is located along the Brazos River. Texas State Highway 36 runs through the center of the city, leading southeast 16 miles (26 km) to Freeport and northwest 41 miles (66 km) to Rosenberg.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Brazoria has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.8 km2), all of it land.[3]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 725
1880 676 −6.8%
1890 432 −36.1%
1950 776
1960 1,291 66.4%
1970 1,681 30.2%
1980 3,025 80.0%
1990 2,717 −10.2%
2000 2,787 2.6%
2010 3,019 8.3%
Est. 2014 3,075 [5] 1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,787 people, 1,063 households, and 736 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,489.4 people per square mile (575.4/km²). There were 1,166 housing units at an average density of 623.1 per square mile (240.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.95% White, 10.30% African American, 0.57% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 5.38% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.37% of the population.

There were 1,063 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,058, and the median income for a family was $41,563. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $21,543 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,666. About 10.8% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The city is served by the Columbia-Brazoria Independent School District.

Two public elementary schools serve Brazoria—Barrow Elementary, which is located in the city limits, and Wild Peach Elementary, which is located outside the city limits. West Brazos Junior High School is also located in Brazoria and serves all junior high school students in the Columbia-Brazoria Independent School District.

Students continue on to Columbia High School. Columbia High School is located the city of West Columbia.

The Brazoria Library is a part of the Brazoria County Library System.

Government and infrastructure

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Clemens Unit in an unincorporated area near Brazoria.[7][8]

Medical services

Brazoria is served by West Brazos EMS which is operated by Sweeny Community Hospital. Although there is not a hospital within the city limits, Sweeny Community, Brazosport Regional, Matagorda Regional, and Angleton-Danbury Medical Center are all within a driving distance.

Transportation

Eagle Air Park (IATA code BZT) is the city airport.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Brazoria has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Brazoria city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "CLEMENS (CN)." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Accessed September 12, 2008.
  8. Staff and Wire Reports. "Parts of Houston join evacuation." Houston Chronicle. September 21, 2005. Retrieved on May 10, 2010.
  9. Climate Summary for Brazoria, Texas

External links