Portrait of Madam Bevan by John Lewis, 1745 (oils) from original in the Carmarthenshire County Museum
Llannewydd in Carmarthenshire
|Died||11 December 1779
Bridget Bevan (née Vaughan) (baptised 30 October 1698 – 11 December 1779), also known as Madam Bevan, was a Welsh educationalist and public benefactor. She was the chief supporter of the educational work of the evangelical Anglican priest Griffith Jones and the system of circulating schools they founded.
Bridget Bevan was born at Derllys Court, Llannewydd in Carmarthenshire, Wales in 1698. She was the youngest daughter of philanthropist John Vaughan (1663–1722), a patron of the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge (SPCK) schools in the county, and his wife, Elizabeth Thomas (d. 1721). On 30 December 1721 at Merthyr church, she married a local lawyer and Member of Parliament for Carmarthen, Arthur Bevan (1689–1743). She was the heiress of her uncle, John Vaughan of Derllys.
She followed her father's interest in philanthropy and, in 1731, financially supported a local preacher, Griffith Jones, to establish an experimental school in Llanddowror, Carmarthenshire. This developed into the Circulating Welsh Charity School system, which moved from village to village and fostered education for children and adults throughout Wales. The education was given in the Welsh language. Much of Madam Bevan's considerable wealth poured into these free schools. After Jones' wife died in 1755, he moved in with Bevan; after his death in 1761, she assumed management of the project. During the following eighteen years she displayed considerable business acumen and organizational skills. Between 1736 and 1776, 6,321 schools were founded and 304,475 scholars, both adults and children, taught. It is estimated that at this time half the population of Wales had attended a circulating school, and the nation achieved one of the highest literacy rates in Europe. By 1764 news of the success of this educational initiative had reached the ears of Catherine the Great of Russia, who ordered her ministers to make enquiries about the scheme.
She died at Laugharne, Carmarthenshire in 1779, and left £10,000 of her wealth to the schools. Relatives however disputed her will and the case went into Chancery, where it remained for a period of thirty years, and grew to over £30,000. In 1804 the money was released and devoted to the educational purposes intended by Mrs. Bevan.
In 1854 the schools were absorbed into the system of the National Society, effectively ending the system of circulating schools that she had fostered.
- 'The Foundations of Modern Wales 1642–1780', Geraint H Jenkins. (Clarendon Press, University of Wales Press, 1987, pages 370–381 accessed 15 December 2007
- Welsh Family History A Guide to Research By John Rowlands, Sheila Rowlands. Page 160. Accessed December 2007
- Bridget Bevan biography by Dr Mary Clement, Ph.D., at the National Library of Wales. Accessed December 2007
- Bridget Bevan Oxford DNB entry. Accessed December 2007
- Bridget Bevan (1698–1779) University of Manchester, John Rylands Library. Accessed December 2007
- Bridget Bevan Brief Biography at The Brooklyn Museum Dinner party database. Accessed December 2007
- Bridget Bevan portrait at The National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, Ceredigion. Accessed December 2007