Broughton Gifford

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Broughton Gifford
240px
Church of St. Mary
Broughton Gifford is located in Wiltshire
Broughton Gifford
Broughton Gifford
 Broughton Gifford shown within Wiltshire
Population 851 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST879635
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Melksham
Postcode district SN12
Dialling code 01225
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Chippenham
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

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Broughton Gifford is a village and civil parish about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of Melksham in Wiltshire, England. The parish includes the hamlets of Norrington Common and The Common.

History

Formerly much of Broughton Gifford and the surrounding area was covered with woodland. Much of this was felled during the First and Second World Wars. Villagers long used the common to graze their livestock and grow their crops. Although the common was not included when the rest of the parish's lands were inclosed in 1783,[2] eventually its agricultural uses died out. There were numerous ponds on the common, but the council[clarification needed] decided to fill many of them in. There is currently a movement to re-establish the ponds.

Geography

The village has two parts:

  • The lower village has the Church of England parish church of Saint Mary, the school, the village hall and the Fox public house. There are also two housing estates and some detached houses in this part.
  • The higher part, The Common, is a large area of open land with houses around it. As at 2008 there were three ponds on the common, inhabited by a paddling of ducks in their breeding season. At one end of the common is The Bell public house, and the football pitch and bowling green.

The River Avon forms a natural boundary to the south and east of the parish.

Local government

Broughton Gifford civil parish is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions.

Unusually the parish shares some land in common with the parish of Melksham Without.

A number of Roman coins have been found in the parish.[citation needed]

Listed buildings

The Anglican Church of St Mary is Grade I listed. It dates in part from the 13th century and was lightly restored by G.G. Scott in 1878.[3][4]

Three houses are Grade II* listed:

  • Gifford Hall, c.1700, The Common[5]
  • Manor House, early 17th century, on the road to The Common[6]
  • Monkton House, 1647, south of the village, by the Avon[7]

In March 2015 Mr Daniel Gerber, of Gifford Hall, obtained a decision in the High Court quashing a planning permission granted by Wiltshire Council for a £10.5 million solar farm erected by Norrington Solar Farm Limited and Terraform Power.[8]

A packhorse bridge dating from 1725 spans the River Avon to the south of Broughton Gifford, providing a route (now a public footpath) to the hamlet of Whaddon.[9]

Amenities

Broughton has two public houses. The Bell on the Common is on the common. The Fox, formerly The Fox and Hounds, is at the other end of the village. There are also a village hall, a butcher's shop, a small park and an industrial estate.

Sculptures

Broughton Gifford is home to a war memorial in the form of an obelisk.[10]

References

  1. "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 19 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Pugh & Crittall, 1956, pages 51-59
  3. Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Broughton Gifford (1251257)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Church of St. Mary, Broughton Gifford". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 11 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Historic England. "Gifford Hall, Broughton Gifford (1262897)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Historic England. "Manor House, Broughton Gifford (1251184)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Historic England. "Monkton House, Broughton Gifford (1262912)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 March 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. This Is Wiltshire, 6 March 2015
  9. "List entry - Packhorse Bridge, Melksham Road". English Heritage. 13 November 1962. Retrieved 15 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. http://www.bgvh.co.uk/pictures-of-broughton-gifford/

Sources

  • Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) [1963]. The Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 150–151. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth (eds.); Chettle, H.F.; Powell, W.R.; Spalding, P.A.; Tillott, P.M. (1956). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume 7. pp. 51–59. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Media related to Broughton Gifford at Wikimedia Commons