Brunei–Germany relations

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Brunei–Germany relations



Brunei–Germany relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Brunei and Germany. Brunei has an embassy in Berlin, and Germany has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[1]


Relations between the two countries has been established since 1 May 1984.[1][2] In 1985, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah paid a first private visit to Germany and in 1998 made a state visit while an official visit was made on 2002 and 2011.[2] In other side, Chancellor Helmut Kohl paid an official visit to Brunei on 1997.[2]

Economic relations

Brunei views Germany as an important economic partner with bilateral trade increased in 2011 to approximately 346 million.[3] Germany exports to Brunei are mainly in cars, machinery, chemicals and heavy equipment.[2] There is also a ratification of an agreement on the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investment between both countries.[4]

Education relations

There is also a student exchange program between Brunei and Germany which was initiated in 2008 when a group of Bruneian students went to German universities to study.[5]

Further reading


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Brunei-Germany Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Brunei). Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Germany and Brunei Darussalam (Bilateral relations)". German Embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  3. "Brunei Darussalam". Federal Foreign Office (Germany). December 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  4. "Brunei-Germany ties lauded". VIP News. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  5. "Ties between Brunei, Germany further strengthen". Xinhua News Agency. English People's Daily Online. 27 September 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2014.