Brunei–Germany relations

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Brunei–Germany relations

Brunei

Germany

Brunei–Germany relations refers to bilateral foreign relations between Brunei and Germany. Brunei has an embassy in Berlin, and Germany has an embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan.[1]

History

Relations between the two countries has been established since 1 May 1984.[1][2] In 1985, His Majesty Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah paid a first private visit to Germany and in 1998 made a state visit while an official visit was made on 2002 and 2011.[2] In other side, Chancellor Helmut Kohl paid an official visit to Brunei on 1997.[2]

Economic relations

Brunei views Germany as an important economic partner with bilateral trade increased in 2011 to approximately 346 million.[3] Germany exports to Brunei are mainly in cars, machinery, chemicals and heavy equipment.[2] There is also a ratification of an agreement on the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investment between both countries.[4]

Education relations

There is also a student exchange program between Brunei and Germany which was initiated in 2008 when a group of Bruneian students went to German universities to study.[5]

Further reading

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Brunei-Germany Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Brunei). Retrieved 14 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Germany and Brunei Darussalam (Bilateral relations)". German Embassy in Bandar Seri Begawan. Retrieved 14 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Brunei Darussalam". Federal Foreign Office (Germany). December 2013. Retrieved 14 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Brunei-Germany ties lauded". VIP News. Retrieved 14 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Ties between Brunei, Germany further strengthen". Xinhua News Agency. English People's Daily Online. 27 September 2009. Retrieved 14 February 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>