Bundeli language

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Native to India
Native speakers
3.1 million (2001 census)[1]
Estimates up to 20 million (no date)[2]
Census results conflate many speakers with Hindi.[citation needed]
Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in
India (Madhya Pradesh and parts of Uttar Pradesh)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bns
Glottolog bund1253[3]
Bundeli Language Speaking Areas in India

Bundeli (Devanagari: बुन्देली or बुंदेली; Nastaliq: زبان بندیلی) or Bundelkhandi is an Indo-Aryan language (claimed as a dialect of Hindi by the government of India) spoken in the Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh and in southern parts of Uttar Pradesh. Bundelkhandi is related to Braj Bhasha, which was the literary language in Central India until the 19th century. It is a descendant of the Sauraseni Apabhramsha language. Bundeli is spoken in the districts of Banda, Hamirpur, Jalun, Jhansi, Gwalior, Bhopal, Sagour, Damoh, Narsinghpur and Hoshangbad. It is also the mother tongue of the Pawari, Lodhanti and Khatola people.[citation needed] Its dialects are Pawari, Lodhanti, Khatola, Banaphari, Kundi, Nibhatta, Bhadauri, Lodhi, Koshti, Kumbhar, Nagpuri.

In the past Bundeli was used in government correspondences, messages, invoices, gazette and friendship treaties.[citation needed] Early examples of Bundelkhandi literature are the verses of Bhaddari as well as versions of the Alha-Khand epic. It is still preserved by bards in the Banaphari region. The epic is about heroes lived in the 12th century AD. The poed Chand Bardai, wrote this epic based on King Prithiviraj's wars with state of Mahoba. Many literary works in Bundheli were produced during the reign of Emperor Akbar.[citation needed] Notable figures are the poetKesab Das of the 16th century, while Padmakar Bhatt and Prajnes wrote several works during the 19th century. Prannath and Lal Kabi, produced many works in Bundheli language at the court of Chhattarsal of Panna.[4]


  1. 2001 Census results
  2. Bundeli language at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  3. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bundeli". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. http://dsal.uchicago.edu/books/lsi/lsi.php?volume=9-1&pages=843#page/110/mode/1up

External links