Busch Stadium

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Busch Stadium
Busch Stadium III
Busch Stadium
Location 700 Clark Street
St. Louis, Missouri 63102
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Public transit Metrolink: Stadium
Owner St. Louis Cardinals
Operator St. Louis Cardinals[1]
Capacity 43,975
46,861 (with standing room)[2]
Record attendance 48,263 Chelsea F.C. vs Manchester City F.C. (3-4)[3]
Baseball: 47,875 (April 13, 2015) Cardinals vs Brewers[4]
Field size Left Field — 336 feet (102 m)
Left Center Field — 375 feet (114 m)
Center Field — 400 feet (122 m)
Right Center Field — 375 feet (114 m)
Right Field — 335 feet (102 m)
Surface Kentucky Bluegrass
Broke ground January 17, 2004; 15 years ago (January 17, 2004)
Opened April 4, 2006; 13 years ago (April 4, 2006) (MiLB exhibition)
April 10, 2006; 13 years ago (April 10, 2006) (MLB)
Construction cost $365 million[5][6]
($428 million in 2019 dollars[7])
Architect Populous
Kennedy Associates/Architects Inc.[8]
Project manager Clayco Corp.[9]
Structural engineer Bliss & Nyitray, Inc
Services engineer M-E Engineers, Inc.[10]
General contractor Hunt/Kwame[11]
St. Louis Cardinals (MLB) (2006–present)
US men's national soccer team (2015)

Busch Stadium, also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III", is a baseball park located in St. Louis, Missouri, and the home of the St. Louis Cardinals , the city's Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise. The stadium has a seating capacity of 43,975, and contains 3,706 club seats and 61 luxury suites. It replaced Busch Memorial Stadium (aka Busch Stadium II) and occupies a portion of that stadium's former footprint. A commercial area, dubbed Ballpark Village, was built adjacent to the stadium over the remainder of the former stadium's footprint.

The stadium opened on April 4, 2006 with an exhibition between the minor league Memphis Redbirds and Springfield Cardinals, both affiliates of the St. Louis Cardinals, which Springfield won 5-3 with right-hander Mike Parisi recording the first win. The first official major league game occurred on April 10, 2006 as the Cardinals defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 6–4 behind an Albert Pujols home run and winning pitcher Mark Mulder.

The highest attendance for a sports event was on May 23, 2013, when 48,263 people watched Chelsea Football Club and Manchester City Football Club play a friendly match.[12]

The stadium is the third stadium in St. Louis to carry the name Busch Stadium. Sportsman's Park was renamed Busch Stadium in 1953, after team owner Gussie Busch. The first Busch Stadium closed in 1966 and both the baseball Cardinals, and the National Football League (NFL)'s team of the same name (now the Arizona Cardinals) moved to a new multi-purpose stadium, named Busch Memorial Stadium. However, the current stadium is actually a corporate name and named after Anheuser-Busch, not Gussie Busch. The naming rights deal was signed in 2004 and would extend from the stadium's opening in 2006 until 2026.[13]



Old Busch Destroyed.
Busch Stadium II in the process of being torn down.

In 1995, St. Louis Cardinals team ownership began to lobby for a new ballpark in downtown St. Louis, but the team was unable to acquire funding for the project for several years. In June 2001, the Missouri state government signed a contract with the team, proposing a ballpark in downtown St. Louis, but a subsequent funding bill was struck down in May 2002, leaving the saga open.[14][15] Team owners sought a location near Madison, Illinois, adjacent to Gateway International Raceway, until the city of St. Louis drafted a financing plan for the team to construct the new stadium in downtown St. Louis.[16] The stadium was financed through private bonds, bank loans, a long-term loan from St. Louis County, and money from the team owners. The development, including the Ballpark Village was projected to cost approximately $665 million with the stadium alone costing $365 million.[6]

Construction and opening

Busch Stadium under construction
1st game at new Busch featured Cardinal Minor League clubs. Notice the left field seats not yet complete.

New Busch Stadium was designed by Populous (then known as HOK Sport) and built by Hunt Construction with an estimated cost of $344.8 million, which proved too low by $20.2 million to its final cost of $365 million.[6] Populous' senior project designer for Busch Stadium was Jim Chibnall, who was also the lead designer of Progressive Field in Cleveland, Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, Sydney Olympic Stadium and other notable stadiums throughout the world.[17]

The field level (16,880 seats), terrace level (9,150), and bleachers (3,661) were completed in time for opening day, with total capacity on that day of 37,962, not including up to 2,751 standing room tickets.[18] An integrated LED video and scoring system from Daktronics was installed in the stadium prior to its opening, featuring a video display measuring 32 feet high by 52 feet wide and three message displays, as well as more than 100 feet of digital ribbon board technology.[19]

Construction on the seating area was completed in late May increasing the capacity for the May 29, 2006 game vs the Houston Astros with finishing touches performed throughout the year.[18] Including all 2,886 standing-room-only tickets for the general public and the suites and party rooms, the stadium's total capacity is 46,861. Natural grass turf was installed in March 2006.[18]

Busch Stadium as seen from the top of the Gateway Arch in May 2013.

Notable baseball events

In the stadium's debut season every Cardinal game was sold out, giving a total attendance of 3,407,104 for the season, the second-largest in team history,[20] but since surpassed in both 2007 and 2008.[21]



In the first season of the new stadium, the Cardinals beat the Detroit Tigers in 5 games to capture their 10th World Series title.


Busch Stadium hosted only one postseason game in 2009, a 5–1 loss versus the Los Angeles Dodgers on October 10, to complete a sweep of the Cardinals.

New and old Busch Stadiums.


In 2011, Busch Stadium hosted two postseason games in the National League Division Series versus the Philadelphia Phillies. On October 4, the Phillies won 3–2, to take a 2–1 game lead over the Cardinals. The next night, the 5th, the Cardinals beat the Phillies 5–3 to tie the series at 2 games apiece. In the NLCS versus the Milwaukee Brewers, the Cardinals won 2 of the three games they played at home (Games 3, 4, 5). The Cards ended up winning the series on the road in Milwaukee to advance to the World Series. (This was the second time the Cardinals had defeated the Brewers in a postseason series, the first being the 1982 World Series, when Milwaukee was represented as an American League team; the Brewers switched over to the National League in 1998.)

Because the National League had won the 2011 MLB All-Star Game, home field advantage went to the Cardinals as the National League champions, thus allowing the team to host the Texas Rangers for Games 1, 2, 6 and 7. Game 1 was won by the Cardinals on October 19, along with Game 6 on October 27, in a game won in walk-off fashion by a David Freese home run, then the deciding Game 7, which was taken by the Cardinals in a 6-2 final, giving the team the 2011 World Series title.


Busch Stadium hosted two postseason games vs. the Washington Nationals in the 2012 National League Division Series. The two teams split the two games at Busch, before the Cardinals won two of the next three games at Nationals Park. The Cardinals then won the first two home games against the San Francisco Giants to take a 3–1 series lead, but lost Game 5 and went on to lose the series in Game 7 at AT&T Park.


The Cardinals hosted nine postseason games at Busch Stadium in 2013. In the National League Division Series, they won Games 1 and 5 against the Pittsburgh Pirates, with the latter game capping off a series comeback after trailing 2–1. They would win every home game of the NLCS against the Dodgers, including a 9–0 shutout win in Game 6 to take the series 4–2. In the World Series, the Cardinals hosted Games 3–5 against the Boston Red Sox. Game 3 on October 26 ended in an obstruction call when Allen Craig was impeded by Will Middlebrooks at third base, thus awarding him a run after umpire Jim Joyce ruled obstruction on the play. The next night Game 4 ended on a successful pickoff by Koji Uehara on pinch-runner Kolten Wong at first base. The Cardinals led 2–1 after the controversial Game 3 win, but proceeded to lose the next three games to lose the series 4–2.

MLB All-Star Game

The stadium hosted the 2009 Major League Baseball All-Star Game on July 14, 2009. The American League defeated the National League in that game, 4-3. Tampa Bay Rays outfielder Carl Crawford won MVP. President Barack Obama threw out the ceremonial first pitch wearing a Chicago White Sox jacket.

College and high school baseball

Missouri has recently started to play one game a year at Busch. In 2009, they defeated SLU, and in 2010, they defeated Illinois in a Braggin' Rights matchup.

The Cardinals have allowed local high school teams to play each other on the field following select weekend afternoon games. So far, the only home run hit by a high school student was on May 7, 2011 by Johnny Wilson of Marquette Catholic High School against Farmington High School.[citation needed]

Other sports

College football

Southern Illinois University Carbondale and Southeast Missouri State played each other in the first ever football game at Busch Stadium on September 21, 2013 in front of a crowd of 14,618.

Professional soccer

Busch Stadium hosted a friendly on May 23, 2013 between Manchester City and Chelsea of the English Premier League.[22] Tickets for the match sold out within 20 minutes of going on sale,[23] and Manchester City won 4-3 in front of an enthusiastic standing-room crowd of 48,263.[24]

Later that year on November 18, Busch hosted a friendly between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Argentina; before a crowd of more than 30,000, many of which were members of St. Louis' large Bosniak community, Argentina beat Bosnia 2-0, with Sergio Agüero scoring both goals.

On April 4, 2015 the United States Women's National Soccer Team defeated New Zealand 4-0 in front of over 35,000 fans, the largest stand-alone crowd for a USWNT friendly in history.[citation needed]

On November 13, 2015 the United States Men's National Soccer Team defeated St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6-1 in the first match of the fourth round of qualifiers for the 2018 FIFA World Cup in front of a crowd of 43,433.

Date Winning Team Result Losing Team Tournament Spectators
May 23, 2013 England Manchester City 4-3 England Chelsea Club Friendly 48,263
November 18, 2013  Argentina 2–0  Bosnia and Herzegovina International Friendly 30,000+
April 4, 2015  United States women 4–0  New Zealand women Women's International Friendly 35,000+
November 13, 2015  United States 6–1  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification 43,433


On June 7, 2008, the stadium hosted its first-ever concert, with Dave Matthews Band playing to a crowd of approximately 35,000, with The Black Crowes as their opening act. The show was recorded and later released as a live album, entitled Live Trax Vol. 13.

On June 24, 2010, the stadium again hosted a concert, with The Eagles headlining a show, along with The Dixie Chicks.[25]

On July 17, 2011, the stadium hosted its third concert, when U2 came to town during their 360° Tour.[26]

On August 13, 2016, the stadium is scheduled to host its fourth concert, when Paul McCartney comes to town during his One on One tour.

Professional hockey

On March 9, 2016, the National Hockey League announced that the St. Louis Blues would host the 2017 NHL Winter Classic at Busch Stadium for the first time in its 50-year history on January 2, 2017.[27]

"Fredbird" store

Fredbird entertaining the crowd between innings during a Cardinals game at Busch Stadium.

The ballpark features a make-your-own-mascot store for the Cardinals' mascot, Fredbird.


Busch Stadium in 2009


Whereas the old stadium was a fully enclosed "cookie-cutter" facility similar to Riverfront, Veterans, Three Rivers and Atlanta-Fulton County stadiums, the new stadium is similar to the many other Populous designed "retro-classic" fields. Like all those, it offers a panoramic view of the downtown skyline.

The Gate 3 entrance on the west side of the stadium is most iconic, with a large "bridge" resembling the Eads Bridge arching over the entrance. The exterior of the stadium contains historical plaques of Cardinals logos, the STL insignia and a Busch Stadium logo behind home plate.


Outside the Gate 3 entrance stands a bronze statue of Cardinals legend Stan "The Man" Musial. Other Cardinals statues that previously surrounded Busch Memorial Stadium are now displayed at the corner of Clark and 8th streets, outside the Cardinals' team store. The statues are of former Cardinal players and Hall of Fame inductees Enos Slaughter, Dizzy Dean, Rogers Hornsby, Red Schoendienst, Lou Brock, Bob Gibson and Ozzie Smith; former St. Louis Browns player and Hall of Fame inductee George Sisler; former Negro league St. Louis Stars player and Hall of Fame inductee Cool Papa Bell; and former Cardinals radio broadcaster and Hall of Fame honoree Jack Buck.


Fans at the stadium have access to a large amount of food and drink options, ranging from standard ballpark fare like bratwurst, nachos and peanuts to St Louis-area favorites such as pork steak sandwiches and toasted ravioli. Budweiser holds the beer contract for the stadium as one would expect, but most recently the smaller Saint Louis Brewery has been making inroads, selling Schlafly beer in bottles at a growing number of concession stands. Tickets for five all-inclusive areas are sold on a single game basis, with amenities running the gamut from the ritzy Champions Club (offering a multiple-course buffet, plasma televisions, a chance to get on television or radio as a broadcast booth is located inside the club, and a full bar) to the more family-oriented Scoreboard Patio (with table seating for four in center field and a more traditional selection of food). Cardinal management also allows outside food and drink (including soft-sided drink coolers); as a result, it is not uncommon to see vendors selling discounted bags of peanuts and bottles of soda and water, or even scalpers including a box of Cracker Jack with tickets.

Press accommodations

After St. Louis Post-Dispatch sportswriter Rick Hummel was honored with the J. G. Taylor Spink Award and induction into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 2007, the Cardinals renamed the stadium's press box the "Bob Broeg-Rick Hummel Press Box", honoring the two local writers enshrined in Cooperstown.

Ballpark Village

Ballpark Village is a multi-phase residential and entertainment complex located on the site of the former Busch Memorial Stadium across the street from the new ballpark. Despite several years of delays, groundbreaking occurred in February 2013 and the first phase was completed in time for Opening Day 2014.

Other modifications

During a weather incident during a July 2006 game vs the Atlanta Braves, portable concession stands were knocked over, the infield rain tarp was damaged, and plastic sheets used to protect the press box were dislodged. As a result of the storm at least 30 spectators were injured, of whom five were taken to the hospital.[28] After the storm happened, the stadium designated shelter areas for such disasters which are located throughout the ballpark.[29]

Following Juan Encarnación's face injury on August 31, 2007, workers extended the screen from dugout to dugout during the 2007-2008 off season.[30]

Panorama of Busch Stadium

Regular season home attendance

Home Attendance at Busch Stadium[31]
Year Total attendance Game average League rank
2006 3,407,104 42,589 2nd
2007 3,552,180 43,854 3rd
2008 3,432,917 42,382 3rd
2009 3,343,252 41,275 3rd
2010 3,301,218 40,756 3rd
2011 3,093,954 38,197 3rd
2012 3,262,109 40,273 4th
2013 3,369,769 41,602 2nd
2014 3,540,649 43,711 2nd
2015 3,520,889 43,467 2nd


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  13. Anheuser-Busch Buys Cardinals Stadium Naming Rights
  14. Ballparks of Baseball article regarding funding and construction of the stadium
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  24. CBS St. Louis, Manchester City Tops Chelsea in Busch Stadium Thriller, May 23, 2013, http://stlouis.cbslocal.com/2013/05/23/manchester-city-tops-chelsea-in-busch-stadium-thriller/
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External links

Events and tenants
Preceded by
Busch Memorial Stadium
Home of the
St. Louis Cardinals

2006 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Yankee Stadium
Host of the
Major League Baseball All-Star Game

Succeeded by
Angel Stadium of Anaheim
Preceded by
Gillette Stadium
Host of the
NHL Winter Classic

Succeeded by