Butler, Pennsylvania

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Butler, Pennsylvania
View of Butler from the Southside neighborhood
View of Butler from the Southside neighborhood
Location in Butler County
Location in Butler County
Butler is located in Pennsylvania
Location within the state of Pennsylvania
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Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Butler
Settled 1802[1]
Incorporated (borough) 1816[1]
Incorporated (city); 1918[1]
 • Type Council/Manager
 • Mayor Thomas P. Donaldson (R)
 • Total 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)
 • Land 2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 13,757
 • Density 5,060/sq mi (1,953.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 16001, 16002, 16003
Area code(s) 724
Website cityofbutler.org

Butler is a city and the county seat of Butler County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.[2] It is located 35 miles (56 km) north of Pittsburgh and part of the Pittsburgh metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 13,757.[3] Butler was named the 7th best small town in America by Smithsonian magazine in May 2012.[4]


Butler was named for Maj. Gen. Richard Butler,[5] who fell at the Battle of the Wabash, also known as St. Clair's Defeat, in western Ohio in 1791.

In 1803 John and Samuel Cunningham became the first settlers in the village of Butler. After settling in Butler, the two brothers laid out the community by drawing up plots of land for more incoming settlers.[5] By 1817, the community was incorporated into a borough.[5] The first settlers were of Irish or Scottish descent and were driving westward from Connecticut. In 1802 the German immigrants began arriving, with Detmar Basse settling in Jackson Township in 1802 and founding Zelienople the following year. After George Rapp arrived in 1805 and founded Harmony, larger numbers of settlers followed. John A. Roebling settled Saxonburg in 1832, by which time most of the county was filled with German settlers.

Throughout most of its history, the city of Butler has been a major manufacturing and industrial center. In 1902, the Standard Steel Car Company opened one of its largest railcar manufacturing facilities in Butler. It was here that some of the first all-steel rail cars were built. Diamond Jim Brady, the legendary financier, gourmand and gemophile, got his start here in 1902 when he established the Standard Steel Car Company, which merged with the Pullman Palace Car Company in 1934 to create Pullman-Standard, a monopoly that was eventually broken by the government. The Pullman-Standard plant closed in 1982, and was demolished in 2005. The site is now occupied by a strip mall, as well as the new Butler Transit Authority intermodal facility. In 2011 the BTA moved a covered hopper railcar to the bus terminal in recognition of the former Pullman-Standard plant. The car was built at the facility in 1974.[6]

Another notable business headquartered in the city was the American Austin Car Company (1929–41). Later the firm changed its name to American Bantam Car Company. Bantam was an early producer of small fuel-efficient vehicles through the 1930s. The modern Jeep was created by American Bantam and the first prototypes were manufactured at the Butler facility. Big military contracts eventually went to Willys and Ford, while the Bantam factory had failed by World War II. Today, a monument in the plaza across from the courthouse commemorates Bantam's creation of the Jeep.

Butler is home to one of the early Ford dealerships, established in 1918 and still extant.[7]

Also notable with headquarters in Butler and a connection to the automobile industry was Rainbow Rubber Company, which in the late 1930s made precise "Rubrtoy" replicas of Oldsmobiles along with many other rubber toys.[8]

In the 1950s, Butler became one of the first cities to install bells at crosswalks, a common practice today.

The city was linked to Pittsburgh via Mars, Pennsylvania, in 1907 by the Pittsburgh and Butler Street Railway, and to Evans City in 1908 by the Pittsburgh, Harmony, Butler and New Castle Railway, both interurban trolley lines. The Mars route closed in April 1931, followed by the Evans City line on August 15, 1931, with the trolleys replaced by buses.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), all land.

The Connoquenessing Creek, which was ranked the second most polluted waterway in the U.S. in 2000, flows through the city.[9]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 225
1830 580 157.8%
1840 861 48.4%
1850 1,148 33.3%
1860 1,399 21.9%
1870 1,935 38.3%
1880 3,163 63.5%
1890 8,734 176.1%
1900 10,853 24.3%
1910 20,728 91.0%
1920 23,778 14.7%
1930 23,568 −0.9%
1940 24,477 3.9%
1950 23,482 −4.1%
1960 20,975 −10.7%
1970 18,691 −10.9%
1980 17,026 −8.9%
1990 15,714 −7.7%
2000 15,121 −3.8%
2010 13,757 −9.0%
Est. 2014 13,369 [10] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 15,121 people, 6,740 households, and 3,626 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,611.3 people per square mile (2,170.4/km²). There were 7,402 housing units at an average density of 2,746.8 per square mile (1,062.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.6% White, 2.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.88% of the population.

There were 6,740 households, out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.0% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% were non-families. 40.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out, with 23.7% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,154, and the median income for a family was $35,893. Males had a median income of $30,607 versus $20,950 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,457. About 14.7% of families and 19.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.8% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.


Major employers:

Sites of interest

Butler County Courthouse
Senator Walter Lowrie House


  • Institute Hill
  • The Island
  • South Side
  • North Butler
  • The Boulevard
  • West End
  • South Hills



Live plays are performed by local actors at the historic Butler Little Theatre, which has been running productions continuously since 1941. The Musical Theater Guild also produces an annual musical production. In 2012, Hobnob Theatre Company began producing several plays, including an annual production of Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol.

A handful of local authors have written various novels and books on the surrounding area. Stewart O'Nan's prizewinning novel Snow Angels is set in Butler. The city was the setting for several scenes in Benjamin's Field, a fictional trilogy by local author J. J. Knights that was published in 2015.[12]

Butler is home to the Butler County Symphony Association, which performs at the Butler Intermediate High School auditorium. There are also many art groups located in the city. They include the Associated Artists of Butler County and the Butler Arts Council. Several murals have been painted on exposed walls by local artists.

Leisure activities

Butler Road Race, a 5-mile and 2-mile race held each summer in June, raises funds for local students in scholarships.

The Butler Fall Festival, held each September, features car shows, ethnic foods, and many representative items from various cultures.




The Butler County Airport terminal building

There are two airports located outside the city. Butler County Airport is used for general aviation, and can accommodate large aircraft such as corporate jets. Butler Farm Show Airport is used by pilots with smaller, private aircraft in the Butler area.

Mass transit

Butler is served by The Bus, run by the Butler Transit Authority.


Two railroads currently offer freight service in Butler. The Canadian National Railway-owned Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad main line passes through the city, while the Buffalo and Pittsburgh Railroad provides regional service in the area. The B&P has a large locomotive shop located just outside the city limits.


Five major highways run through or near the city, providing links to other areas throughout western Pennsylvania. The south terminus of Pennsylvania Route 38 is just north of the city at U.S. Route 422. Route 422 skirts the city to the north on the Butler Bypass. PA 68 and PA 356 go straight through downtown, where they intersect with PA 8, Butler's Main Street when passing through the city.


Notable people

Connoquenessing Creek flows through Butler, Pennsylvania.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Butler County, 5th class" (pdf). Pennsylvania Historic and Museum Commission. Retrieved January 15, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Butler city, Pennsylvania". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 21, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 20 Best Small Towns in America; Smithsonian Magazine; May 2012
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 An Historical Gazetteer of Butler County, Pennsylvania, p. 118
  6. Garrett, Kelly B. (February 4, 2011). "Pullman railcar honors past". Butler Eagle.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Dealer Profile". Butler County Ford. Retrieved April 28, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Rainbow Rubber Co 1935 Oldsmobile Coupe". WorthPoint. July 7, 2011 (sale date). Retrieved April 28, 2014. This Oldsmobile Coupe was made by Rainbow Rubber Co. circa 1935. At 3 3/4 inches long by 1 3/8 inches wide, it is made of rubber... Underneath it is marked 'Rubrtoy Oldsmobile Mfg'd by Rainbow Rubber Co. Butler, PA.'. Check date values in: |date= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Pa. ranks 2nd worst in toxic dumping". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. February 18, 2000. Retrieved November 7, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. http://www.butlereagle.com/article/20150730/ARTSENTERTAINMENT02/707309915

Further reading

  • Brown, Robert C. History of Butler County, Pennsylvania:...Pioneers and Representative Citizens, Etc., Etc. [Chicago]: R.C. Brown & Co., 1895. Chapter VI.Print.
  • An Historical Gazetteer of Butler County, Pennsylvania, Chicora: Mechling Bookbindery, 2006, ISBN 978-0-9760563-9-3.

External links