|BvS 10 Armoured All Terrain Vehicle|
VIKING Armoured Vehicle of the Netherlands Marine Corps during a demonstration.
|Type||Amphibious armoured vehicle|
|Place of origin||Sweden, United Kingdom|
|Used by||United Kingdom, Netherlands, Sweden, France|
|Designer||BAE Systems, Land Systems Hagglunds|
|Weight||5.0 tonnes (front car)
3.5 tonnes (rear car, APC version)
|Height||2.2 m (front car)
2.1 m (rear car)
|Crew||driver + 4 passengers (front car), 8 passengers (rear car)|
|Armor||7.62×52mm ball-shaped bullets|
|heavy machine gun on ring mount|
|smoke grenade launchers (front), mortars (back)|
|Engine||Cummins 5.9 litre in-line six-cylinder turbocharged diesel
202 kW (275 hp)
|Speed||65 km/h (roads)
5 km/h (water)
The BvS 10 is an All Terrain Armoured Vehicle produced by BAE Systems Land Systems Hägglunds of Sweden and under license by FNSS of Turkey. This vehicle, referred to as the All Terrain Vehicle (protected) - ATV(P) or Viking by the UK forces, was originally developed as a collaboration between industry - Hägglunds Vehicle AB - and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD) on behalf of the Royal Marines.
The BvS 10 is similar to, but distinct from, the Bv 206 or Bv 206S. It is a much larger and fully amphibious armoured vehicle based upon the characteristic twin-cab, articulated steering system typical of Hägglunds all-terrain vehicles. The main differences from the older Bv206s are a more powerful Cummins 5.9L diesel engine, improved ground clearance, and newly developed chassis, power train and steering units that give the vehicle considerably enhanced speed (from previous 51.5 km/h on road) and comfort on road and in terrain, as well as greater load-carrying capability (up to 5 tons), and the ability to add various modular sub-systems such as add-on armour, weapon mounts, a load-changer and cargo platforms.
Originally designed for the British Royal Marines and named Viking, the vehicle underwent an extensive trials and development programme from 2001-2004, led by Major Jez Hermer MBE RM, before the Royal Marines accepted 108 vehicles into service, with delivery commencing in 2005. The Royal Marines Armoured Support Company took the vehicle on operations for the first time in Afghanistan in September 2006, prior to the Royal Marines Armoured Support Group being formed in December 2007.
The UK currently operates four variants of the vehicle: The Troop Carrying Variant (TCV) capable of carrying 2 crew plus 10 passengers; the Command Variant (CV), which carries 2 crew plus up to 8 passengers with the rear cab being designed as an enhanced digital communications platform, the Repair and Recovery Variant (RRV), carrying 4 specialist maintenance vehicle mechanic crewmen and the Ambulance Variant (AV). The rear cab of the RRV carries a HIAB crane, a full mobile workshop, an air compressor and a 9 tonne capacity capstan winch, together with hydraulic anchors. All three variants are fully air-portable under a CH-47 Chinook helicopter, either complete or in two separate front and rear component parts and are also fully amphibious; being capable of swimming in varying sea-states with a full load of passengers and stores.
Some 33 British Vikings, fitted with slat armour, were deployed to Afghanistan at the end of summer 2006 when the Royal Marines relieved the Parachute Regiment in Helmand province. Their low ground pressure is not enough to trigger most of the anti-tank mines in use in Afghanistan, but they have proved vulnerable to improvised explosive devices (IEDs) as they do not have a v-shaped hull or substantial under-body armour. Less than two years after being launched, Vikings complemented with the Singapore Technologies Kinetics (STK) Bronco - known as Warthog within the UK military.
In July 2011 a landing craft from RFA Cardigan Bay landed two Vikings and Royal Marines of 539 Assault Squadron in Somaliland. They penetrated several miles of "bandit country" to meet up with an important clan chief and take him back to Cardigan Bay for a meeting with MI6 and Foreign Office officials. This was part of Exercise Somaliland Cougar, an operation to train Somali coastguards in anti-piracy techniques and to establish relationships with tribal leaders.
UK follow-on orders
In May 2007 the British Ministry of Defence placed an order with BAE Hägglunds for a further 21 units, some of which are to be used as an equipment transporter for the new Watchkeeper unmanned aerial vehicle.
The UK Ministry of Defence ordered 108 Vikings from BAE Systems, Land Systems Hagglunds (formerly Alvis Hagglunds), in three variants – Troop Carrier (TCV), Command Vehicle (CV) and repair Recovery Vehicle (RCV).
In June 2008, the UK MoD placed an order for a further 14 Viking vehicles, including nine repair recovery vehicles, one command vehicle and four troop carriers, for deployment to Afghanistan. In January 2009, nine more vehicles were ordered.
99 Vikings are scheduled to be revamped in a £37 million project, improving their firepower, armour and protection. This upgrade was due be completed in 2014 The upgrade was completed in April 2016.
Netherlands Marine Corps
The BvS 10 is also in use with the Netherlands Marine Corps, 74 units have been delivered of which 46 are the APC version, 20 command vehicles, 4 repair and recovery vehicles and another 4 ambulance vehicles.
On 27 March 2008 the Dutch Parliament decided in favour of sending a 60-men strong Marine reconnaissance unit to Chad in support of the EUFOR peacekeeping mission in the region. The marines will function as the eyes and ears of an Irish battalion. This will be the first operational deployment of the BvS 10 Viking in Dutch service after exercises in Norway and the UK.
As part of the Dutch ISAF contribution, a Royal Netherlands Marine Corps company has been deployed to the province of Uruzgan in Afghanistan since July 2009. Several BvS 10 Vikings have been modified with slat armour for this mission.
On 18 December 2009, the French Armed Forces placed an initial order for 53 BvS 10 Vikings, with the total order for 129 of the vehicles. Including servicing, the contract is estimated to be worth ₤220 million, and the vehicles will be assembled at the BAE factory in Sweden. This is a historic order, as it is the first French order for military equipment from the United Kingdom in decades. In placing the order, France broke with their tradition of supporting domestic products, in this case the Bronco All Terrain Tracked Carrier, built jointly by ST Kinetics and Thales.
On 5 January 2012, it was announced that the Swedish Armed Forces decided to procure 48 units of the model BvS10 MkIIB, to be delivered starting in the autumn of 2012, and deployed to the Swedish contingent in Afghanistan in the spring of 2013. The contract is worth approximately 700 million SEK, and also includes support and training equipment. There are also options to order an additional 127 vehicles divided in three different batches in the future. On 25 September 2013, Sweden agreed to buy 100 additional BvS10 vehicles for over $160 million, as part of the options agreed upon in the first order. On 19 December 2013, Sweden officially ordered 102 BvS10 vehicles for $120 million. The vehicles include troop carrier, command, ambulance, and logistic carrier variants and will be delivered from 2014 to 2015.
Vehicles similar to the BvS 10 ATV include:
- (Ishimbai Transport Machine-Building Plant) Vityaz
- Sisu Auto Sisu Nasu
- ST Kinetics Bronco All Terrain Tracked Carrier
- Hägglunds (BAE Systems AB) Bv206
- Bolinder-Munktell (Volvo BM) Bandvagn 202
- "The Warthog Is On Its Way". UK MOD.
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- "Nederlandse mariniers naar Tsjaad", Radio Netherlands Worldwide, 28 March 2008
- "Met aangepaste Vikings en een reuzengeweer de Chora-vallei in", de Volkskrant (Amsterdam), 11 August 2009.
- Robertson, David (December 23, 2009). "France spurns domestic group for BAE vehicles". Times Online. London.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "FMV procures 48 new armoured all terrain vehicles". FMV. January 5, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Sweden will buy 100 BvS10 amphibious all-terrain vehicle from BAE Systems Hägglunds - Armyrecognition.com, 25 September 2013
- Sweden orders additional BvS10 all-terrain vehicles - Shephardmedia.com, 20 December 2013
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