CERN httpd

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CERN httpd
File:Httpd48x.gif
Developer(s) CERN / World Wide Web Consortium
Initial release 24 December 1990; 27 years ago (1990-12-24)
Last release 3.0A / 15 July 1996; 22 years ago (1996-07-15)[1]
Development status discontinued
Operating system Unix, Unix-like
Available in C
Type Web server, proxy server
License MIT Copyright Statement with acknowledgement to CERN
Website www.w3.org/Daemon/

CERN httpd (later also known as W3C httpd) was a web server (HTTP) daemon originally developed at CERN from 1990 onwards by Tim Berners-Lee, Ari Luotonen[2] and Henrik Frystyk Nielsen.[1] Implemented in C, it was the first ever web server software[3] and went live on December 25th 1990.[4]

History

This NeXT Computer used by Tim Berners-Lee at CERN became the world's first web server

CERN httpd was originally developed on a NeXT Computer running NeXTSTEP, and was later ported to other Unix-like operating systems, OpenVMS and systems with unix emulation layers, e.g. OS/2 with emx+gcc. It could also be configured as a web proxy server.[1][3] Version 0.1 was released in June 1991.[5] In August 1991, Berners-Lee announced in the Usenet newsgroup alt.hypertext the availability of the source code of the server daemon and other World Wide Web software from the CERN FTP site.[6]

The original, first generation HTTP server which some call the Volkswagen of the Web.[7]

The server was presented on the Hypertext 91 conference in San Antonio and was part of the CERN Program Library (CERNLIB).[8][9][10]

Later versions of the server are based on the libwww library.[2] The development of CERN httpd was later taken over by W3C, with the last release being version 3.0A of 15 July 1996.[1] From 1996 onwards, W3C focused on the development of the Java-based Jigsaw server.[11]

The initial version was public domain software; the last one was under an MIT license.[12]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Official CERN httpd page
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kahan, José (5 August 1999). "Why Libwww?". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 15 June 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Server Guide: CERN httpd
  4. History of the Web
  5. Change History for httpd
  6. Stewart, Bill. "Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and the World Wide Web - Web development". Living Internet. Retrieved 26 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "W3C Open Source Software - CERN Server". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 23 January 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "How the web began". CERN. 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Stewart, Bill. "Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and the World Wide Web - Berners-Lee". Living Internet. Retrieved 21 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Robert Cailliau (21 July 2010). "A Short History of the Web". NetValley. Retrieved 21 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Baird-Smith, Anselm (April 1996). "W3C Activity: The CERN server". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 21 July 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. The birth of the web Licensing the web on cern.ch (2014, archived)

External links