cacls

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In computing, cacls and its replacement, icacls, are Microsoft Windows native command line utilities capable of displaying and modifying the security descriptors on folders and files. An access control list is a list of permissions for securable object, such as a file or folder, that controls who can access it.

cacls

The cacls.exe utility is a deprecated command line editor of directory and file security descriptors in Windows NT 3.5 and Windows NT. Microsoft has produced the following newer utilities, some also subsequently deprecated, that offer enhancements to support changes introduced with version 3.0 of the NTFS filesystem:

  • xcacls.exe[1][2][3][4] is supported by Windows 2000 and later and adds new features like setting Execute, Delete and Take Ownership permissions
  • xcacls.vbs[5][6]
  • fileacl.exe [7]
  • icacls.exe (included in Windows Server 2003 SP2 and later)[8][9]
  • SubInAcl.exe - Resource Kit utility to set and replace permissions on various type of objects including files, services and registry keys
  • Windows PowerShell (Get-Acl[10] and Set-Acl[11] cmdlets)

icacls

Stands for Integrity Control Access Control List. Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2 and later include icacls, an in-box command-line utility that can display, modify, backup and restore ACLs for files and folders, as well as to set integrity levels and ownership in Vista and later versions. It is not a complete replacement for cacls, however. For example, it does not support Security Descriptor Definition Language (SDDL) syntax directly via command line parameters (only via the /restore option).

Problems

All known versions of icacls have a serious bug:[12] on objects with protected ACLs, icacls

  • ignores this protection,
  • resets/destroys the protection and
  • applies/propagates the inheritable permissions from the parent to the object and its children.

See also

References

  1. "How to use Xcacls.exe to modify NTFS permissions (Revision: 4.5)". Microsoft Support. Microsoft Corporation. 2 March 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Xcacls syntax". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. 28 March 2003. Retrieved 30 October 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Windows 2000 Resource Kit Tool: Xcacls.exe". Microsoft Download Center. Microsoft Corporation. 15 May 2002. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Windows XP Service Pack 2 Support Tools". Microsoft Download Center. Microsoft Corporation. 10 August 2004. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "How to use Xcacls.vbs to modify NTFS permissions (Revision: 2.4)". Microsoft Support. Microsoft Corporation. 30 October 2006. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Extended Change Access Control List Tool (Xcacls)" (2 July 2004). Microsoft Download Center. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 24 December 2011. Xcacls.vbs is an unsupported tool that provides additional capabilities not provided with the supported utility, Xcacls.exe.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "FILEACL v3.0.1.6". Microsoft. 2004-03-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "The Icacls.exe utility is available for Windows Server 2003 with Service Pack 2 (Revision: 4.0)". Microsoft Support. Microsoft Corporation. 9 October 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Icacls". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. 28 September 2007. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Get-Acl". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Set-Acl". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. 21 April 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. ICACLS.EXE ignores and destroys SE_DACL_PROTECTED/SE_SACL_PROTECTED
  13. FILEACL home page

Further reading

  • "Cacls". Microsoft Windows XP Professional Product Documentation. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Xcacls Overview". Microsoft TechNet. Microsoft Corporation. 28 March 2003. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "DACLs and ACEs". Microsoft Developers Network. Microsoft Corporation. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "CACLS.exe". SS64.com. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • "Microsoft DOS cacls command". Computer Hope. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Bradley, Tony (2 November 2010). "Introduction to Windows Integrity Control". SecurityFocus. Symantec. Retrieved 24 December 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • The Security Descriptor Definition Language of Love (Part 1)

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