Calvi, Haute-Corse

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Calvi
View  of the citadel
View of the citadel
Flag of Calvi
Flag
Coat of arms of Calvi
Coat of arms
Calvi is located in France
Calvi
Calvi
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Location within Corsica region
Calvi is located in Corsica
Calvi
Calvi
Coordinates: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found.
Country France
Region Corsica
Department Haute-Corse
Arrondissement Calvi
Canton Calvi
Intercommunality Calvi Balagne
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Ange Santini
Area1 31.20 km2 (12.05 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 5,409
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 2B050 / 20260
Elevation 0–700 m (0–2,297 ft)
(avg. 81 m or 266 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Calvi (French: [kal.vi]) is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica.

It is the seat of the Canton of Calvi, which contains Calvi and one other commune, Lumio. Calvi is also the capital of the Arrondissement of Calvi, which contains, besides the Canton of Calvi, three other cantons: L'Île-Rousse, Belgodère, and Calenzana.[1]

The 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment (2ème REP) of the French Foreign Legion is based in the citadel of Calvi.[2]

According to legend, Christopher Columbus supposedly came from Calvi, which at the time was part of the Genoese Empire. Because the often subversive elements of the island gave its inhabitants a bad reputation, he would have been expected to mask his exact birthplace.

Geography

Panorama of Calvi and its Gulf seen from Notre-Dame de La Serra

Calvi is located on the northwest coast of the island of Corsica, 95 km (59 mi) from Bastia and 24 km (15 mi) from L'Île-Rousse. It is the fifth-largest commune in Corsica; however, the arrondissement is the smallest.

Climate

Climate data for Calvi, Haute-Corse (1981–2010 averages)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
22.5
(72.5)
28.8
(83.8)
32.1
(89.8)
36.0
(96.8)
38.5
(101.3)
42.1
(107.8)
40.3
(104.5)
37.4
(99.3)
32.9
(91.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.4
(77.7)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.9
(57)
15.9
(60.6)
18.4
(65.1)
22.7
(72.9)
26.5
(79.7)
29.8
(85.6)
29.7
(85.5)
26.1
(79)
22.2
(72)
17.5
(63.5)
14.6
(58.3)
20.9
(69.6)
Average low °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
4.6
(40.3)
6.5
(43.7)
8.6
(47.5)
12.2
(54)
15.9
(60.6)
18.6
(65.5)
18.9
(66)
16.0
(60.8)
12.9
(55.2)
8.9
(48)
6.1
(43)
11.2
(52.2)
Record low °C (°F) −5.6
(21.9)
−3.9
(25)
−4.6
(23.7)
−0.4
(31.3)
3.7
(38.7)
7.5
(45.5)
10.6
(51.1)
12.3
(54.1)
7.9
(46.2)
2.6
(36.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.2
(2.213)
44.5
(1.752)
57.2
(2.252)
69.4
(2.732)
41.2
(1.622)
35.5
(1.398)
8.4
(0.331)
27.1
(1.067)
61.2
(2.409)
79.8
(3.142)
109.9
(4.327)
77.9
(3.067)
668.3
(26.311)
Average precipitation days 6.0 5.5 6.2 7.2 5.1 3.2 1.0 1.9 5.3 7.1 8.6 8.1 65.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 135.6 155.5 206.5 233.0 290.0 324.5 370.1 323.2 243.7 182.5 130.6 118.3 2,713.4
Source: Meteo France[3][4]

History

The motto, "Calvi semper fidelis," ("Calvi Always Faithful") referred originally to its loyalty to the Republic of Genoa.

During the war with Revolutionary France, British forces under Admiral Nelson and Lieutenant-General Charles Stuart captured the city in the Siege of Calvi. It was during the bombardment of Calvi that Nelson sustained the injury that cost him his eye.

Population

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1800 1,162 —    
1806 1,083 −6.8%
1821 1,175 +8.5%
1831 1,382 +17.6%
1836 1,457 +5.4%
1841 1,746 +19.8%
1846 1,502 −14.0%
1851 1,837 +22.3%
1856 1,412 −23.1%
1861 2,069 +46.5%
1866 1,884 −8.9%
1872 2,175 +15.4%
1876 1,998 −8.1%
1881 2,023 +1.3%
1886 1,987 −1.8%
1891 2,162 +8.8%
1896 2,132 −1.4%
1901 1,998 −6.3%
1906 2,077 +4.0%
1911 2,269 +9.2%
1921 2,387 +5.2%
1926 2,586 +8.3%
1931 2,827 +9.3%
1936 2,824 −0.1%
1946 2,053 −27.3%
1954 2,035 −0.9%
1962 2,258 +11.0%
1968 2,767 +22.5%
1975 3,530 +27.6%
1982 3,579 +1.4%
1990 4,815 +34.5%
1999 5,177 +7.5%
2006 5,409 +4.5%

Economy

The economy of Calvi is essentially based on summer tourism, which started in 1950 due to the pioneering efforts of Vladimir Raitz. Calvi is served by the international Calvi - Sainte-Catherine Airport, the Xavier Colonna Port, and a railway line to L'Île-Rousse and Ponte-Leccia, where it connects with the main line Ajaccio - Bastia.

See also

References

  1. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found..
  2. Herrgott, C. (2013). Les citadelles urbaines en Corse : patrimonialisatin d'un territoire particulier. Revue Etudes Caribéennes, n°26, [1]
  3. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found.
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External links


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