Cancel Culture

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The act of canceling, also referred to as cancel culture (a variant on the term "callout culture") describes a type of left-wing boycott in which an individual (usually a celebrity) who has shared a right-wing opinion, or has had behavior in their past that is perceived to be politically incorrect, is "canceled"; they are ostracized and shunned by former friends, followers and supporters alike, leading to declines in any careers and fan-base the individual may have at any given time.[1][2]



Calling someone out online, sometimes referred to as call-out culture or outrage culture, is a form of public humiliation or shaming that aims to hold individuals and groups accountable for actions perceived to be offensive by left-wing groups, who then call attention to this behavior, usually on social media.

Michael Bérubé, a professor of literature at Pennsylvania State University, states, "in social media, what is known as 'callout culture' and 'ally theater'" . . . "often produces a swell of online outrage that demands that a post or a tweet be taken down or deleted".[3]


Doxing involves researching and broadcasting personally identifiable information about an individual, often with the intention of harming that person.[4][5][6][7]

Negative reviews

User generated review sites such as Yelp, Google Books and Trip Advisor have been used to punish businesses. Internet users are urged to give negative reviews in order to harm corporate interests or businesses they dislike.[8][9][10]

Revenge porn

Sharing sexually explicit material in order to humiliate a person, frequently distributed by computer hackers or ex-partners. Images and video of sexual acts are often combined with doxing of a person's private details, such as their home addresses and workplaces.[11][12]


  1. Sills, Sophie; Pickens, Chelsea; Beach, Karishma; Jones, Lloyd; Calder-Dawe, Octavia; Benton-Greig, Paulette; Gavey, Nicola (23 March 2016). "Rape culture and social media: young critics and a feminist counterpublic". Feminist Media Studies. 16 (6): 935–951. doi:10.1080/14680777.2015.1137962.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Munro, Ealasaid (23 August 2013). "Feminism: A Fourth Wave?". Political Insight. 4 (2): 22–25. doi:10.1111/2041-9066.12021.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Bérubé, Michael (January 2018). "The Way We Review Now". PMLA. 133 (1): 132–138. doi:10.1632/pmla.2018.133.1.132.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. S-W, C. "What doxxing is, and why it matters". The Economist, UK.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Ryan Goodrich (April 2, 2013). "What is Doxing?". Archived from the original on October 29, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. James Wray and Ulf Stabe (December 19, 2011). "The FBI's warning about doxing was too little too late". Archived from the original on October 31, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Zurcher, Anthony. "Duke freshman reveals porn identity". BBC, United Kingdom. Retrieved April 9, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. George, Jordana; Dorothy, Leidner (March 1, 2019). "From Clicktivism to Hacktivism: Understanding Digital Activism". Information & Organization: 20–24. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.16347.82726. Retrieved April 5, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Chafkin, Max (February 1, 2010). "You've Been Yelped". Inc. Magazine. Retrieved January 6, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "'Am I being catfished?' An author confronts her number one online critic". The Guardian.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Emily Bazelon,Why Do We Tolerate Revenge Porn?", Slate (September 25, 2013).
  12. Eric Larson, "It's Still Easy to Get Away With Revenge Porn", Mashable, October 21, 2013.