Capture of Geertruidenberg (1589)

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Capture of Geertruidenberg (1589)
Part of the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Date April 10, 1589
Location Geertruidenberg, Duchy of Brabant
(present-day the Netherlands)
Result Spanish victory[1][2]
Belligerents
 England
Dutch Republic United Provinces
 Spain
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of England John Wingfield Spain Alexander Farnese

The Capture of Geertruidenberg of 1589, also known as the English betrayal of Geertruidenberg, took place on April 10, 1589, at Geertruidenberg, Duchy of Brabant, Flanders (present-day the Netherlands), during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604).[1][2] On April 10, 1589, the garrison of Geertruidenberg, composed by a large number of English and some Dutch troops commanded by Governor Sir John Wingfield, surrendered the city to the Army of Flanders led by Don Alexander Farnese, Governor-General of the Spanish Netherlands (Spanish: Alejandro Farnesio).[2][3] Few days before, when pay did not arrive on time, the English soldiers mutinied, and was rumored that Wingfield had intended to surrender (or "sold") the city to the Spaniards.[4] The States-General and the Prince Maurice of Nassau (Dutch: Maurits van Oranje) accused him of treason for its surrender, but Wingfield denied the charges against him. The fact was that Geertruidenberg was in Spanish hands.[2][3]

The same year, in September, Parma sent a force, under the Count Peter Ernst of Mansfeld, to besiege Rheinberg.[5] The garrison, commanded by Sir Francis Vere, capitulated to the Spaniards in February 1590.[5][6]

See also

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 John Leslie Price p.30
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Jeremy Black. War in the World: A Comparative History, 1450-1600. Wars of Religion.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Jonathan Israel. The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477–1806 p. 234
  4. Mary Arshagouni Papazian p.186
  5. 5.0 5.1 Israel. p. 29
  6. Luc Duerloo p.46

References

  • Jeremy Black. War in the World: A Comparative History, 1450-1600. First published 2011 by Palgrave MacMillan. ISBN 978-0-230-29858-3
  • Mary Arshagouni Papazian. John Donne and the Protestant Reformation: New Perspectives. Wayne State University Press 2003.
  • John Leslie Price. Dutch Society: 1588-1713. First published 2000 by Pearson Education Limited, USA. ISBN 978-0-582-26426-7
  • Israel, Jonathan. Conflicts of Empires: Spain, the Low Countries and the Struggle for World Supremacy, 1585-1713. London, 1997. ISBN 1-85285-161-9
  • Luc Duerloo. Dynasty and Piety: Archduke Albert (1598-1621) and Habsburg Political Culture in an Age of Religious Wars. MPG Books Group. UK. ISBN 2-503-50724-7

External links