Abbas I's Kakhetian and Kartlian campaigns

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Abbas I's Kakhetian and Kartlian campaigns
Part of Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–1618)
Date 1614-1617
Location Kartli, Tbilisi, Kakheti
Result Decisive Safavid victory
Territorial
changes
  • Tblisi recaptured and sacked.
  • Uprising staged by Luarsab II and Teimuraz I supressed
  • Kartli and Kakheti firmly brought under the Iranian sway.
  • Mass deportations of Georgians
Belligerents
Safavid Empire Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Kingdom of Kartli
Kakheti CoA tr.png Kingdom of Kakheti
Commanders and leaders
Shah Abbas I
Giorgi Saakadze (Mūrāv-Beg)
Ganj Ali Khan
Coat of arms of Kartli Georgia.png Luarsab II  Surrendered
Kakheti CoA tr.png Teimuraz I
Casualties and losses
Not reported

In Capture of Tbilisi:
70,000 Ottoman warriors and Georgian people were killed.[1]

130,000[2] - 200,000[3][4] Georgian captives moved to mainland Persia.

Abbas I's Kakhetian and Kartlian campaigns refers to the four campaigns Safavid king Abbas I led between 1614-1617,[5] in his East Georgian vassal kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti during the Ottoman–Safavid War (1603–18). The campaigns were initiated as a response to the shown disobedience and subsequent staged rebellion by Abbas' formerly most loyal Georgian ghulams, namely Luarsab II of Kartli and Teimuraz I of Kahketi (Tahmuras Khan). After the complete devastation of Tblisi, the quelling of the uprising and the deportation of between 130,000 - 200,000 Georgian captives to mainland Iran, Kakheti and Kartli were decisively brought under the Iranian sway.

Background

In 1612, Shah Abbas I was informed that Teimuraz I of Kakheti with a couple of Christian citizens assaulted the Karabakh governor and killed him. Shah Abbas decided to confront him but Teimuraz I fled to Georgia towards Ahmed I, in order to shelter from Safavid forces. This event brought an end to the Treaty of Nasuh Pasha.

Massacre and capture of Tbilisi

In 1616, Shah Abbas I dispatched his troops to Georgia. He aimed to suppress the Georgian revolt in Tbilisi, however the Safavid soldiers met heavy resistance by the citizens of Tbilisi. Enraged, Shah Abbas ordered a massacre of the public. A large number of Georgian soldiers and people were killed.

These deportations also marked another stage in the Safavid policy of resettling huge amounts of Georgians and other ethnic Caucasian groups such as the Circassians and Armenians, to Persia.

See also

References

  1. History of Iranian-Georgian Relations, Savory, II, pp. 1081-83
  2. Eskandar Beg, pp. 900-901, tr. Savory, II, p. 1116
  3. Mikaberidze 2015, pp. 291, 536.
  4. Malekšāh Ḥosayn, p. 509
  5. Mikaberidze 2015, p. 31.

Sources