This article or section might be slanted towards recent events. (May 2011)
|First meeting||April 12, 1892
Sportsman's Park, St. Louis, MO
|Latest meeting||May 25, 2016
Busch Stadium, St. Louis, MO
|Next meeting||June 20, 2016
Wrigley Field, Chicago, IL
|Meetings total||2,351 (through May 25, 2016)|
|Regular season series||Cubs, 1,202–1,149|
|Largest victory||Cardinals, 20–5 (April 16, 1912)|
|Longest win streak||
|Current win streak||Cubs, 2|
The Cardinals–Cubs rivalry, also called the Route 66 rivalry and The Downstate Illinois rivalry, refers to the rivalry between the St. Louis Cardinals and Chicago Cubs both of the National League (NL), one of the most bitter rivalries in Major League Baseball and in all of North American professional sports. The Cubs lead the series 1,198–1,147, with 19 ties, through 2015, while the Cardinals are third in NL pennants with 19, to the Cubs' 16. However, the Cardinals have a clear edge when it comes to World Series success, having won 11 championships to the Cubs' 2. Games between the two clubs see numerous visiting fans in either St. Louis's Busch Stadium or Chicago's Wrigley Field. When the NL split into two, and then three divisions, the Cardinals and Cubs always remained together. This has added excitement to numerous pennant races over the years.
- 1 First meetings in 19th century World Series
- 2 Cardinals join the National League
- 3 Modern period
- 4 Stadiums
- 5 Territorial rights
- 6 Notable personalities
- 7 Statistical comparison
- 8 See also
- 9 References
First meetings in 19th century World Series
In his book, Before They Were Cardinals, Jon David Cash speculates that the economic trade rivalry between the cities of Chicago and St. Louis led to the formation of the St. Louis Brown Stockings in 1875 to compete with the Chicago White Stockings. The Brown Stockings would later fold and reemerge in 1882 when the Cardinals (as the Browns), met the Cubs (as the White Stockings), in a pair of pre-World Series matchups between American Association champion St. Louis and NL champion Chicago.
The first series meeting between the two teams was actually played in four cities – not only St. Louis and Chicago, but also Pittsburgh and New York City. On October 15, Browns manager Charles Comiskey pulled his team off the field in the 6th inning in protest of umpire Dave Sullivan's call. The White Stockings were in the lead at the time 5-4 and were declared a winner on forfeit. Behind pitcher Dave Foutz, St. Louis defeated Chicago 13-4 in Game 7. The Browns claimed the Game 2 forfeit didn't count and therefore claimed the championship. The two clubs split the $1000 prize.
The $15,000 slide
The first series played in 1885 ended in dispute with no winner making the rematch a year later more heated. Game 2 saw the Browns win in a 12-0 romp. Bob Caruthers pitched a one-hitter, and left fielder Tip O'Neill smacked two inside-the-park home runs. It was the first two-home-run game by a player in a World Championship game. Despite the win, the White Stockings had won Games 1 and 3 and took the series lead into St. Louis. Oddities happened in Game 5. With Jim McCormick and Jocko Flynn lame and John Clarkson tired‚ Chicago tried to use a minor league recruit in the pitcher's box‚ only to be refused by the Browns. Shortstop Ned Williamson and right fielder Jimmy Ryan ended up having to pitch. The Browns won easily 10-3. The sixth and final game began at an earlier time of 2:18 PM, so the full nine innings could be played. Pitching his fourth game in six days‚ Clarkson held St. Louis hitless for six innings as Chicago built a 3-0 lead. However, in the 8th, the Browns finally got to Clarkson to tie the game at 3, with Arlie Latham hitting a 2-run triple. In the 10th, Curt Welch scored on the "$15‚000 slide" after a wild pitch to win it in front of a fired-up St. Louis home crowd.
Cardinals join the National League
Early Cub dominance
After the dissolution of the American Association, the Browns franchise moved to the National League in 1892 and become known as the Cardinals in 1900. St. Louis would not achieve much success in its early years in the NL. On the other hand, the Cubs dominated, winning 3 straight pennants from 1906–1908 and two World Series during that time, losing the first World Series in that trio only to their cross-town rivals, the Chicago White Sox. The Cubs would also go on to win seven more pennants from then until 1945.
The tide turns
The Cardinals would eventually put together a team to win the pennant and World Series in 1926. It would be their first National League pennant and first championship since defeating the White Stockings. Although the Cubs would also win a few pennants, their championship run stopped in 1908. Eventually, the Cubs' pennant wins would also stop in 1945. The Cardinals have won the World Series more times than any other National League team.
Hack Wilson's riot
Slugger Hack Wilson had a combative streak and frequently initiated fights with opposing players and fans. On June 22, 1928, a riot broke out in the ninth inning at Wrigley Field against the St. Louis Cardinals when Wilson jumped into the box seats to attack a heckling fan. An estimated 5,000 spectators swarmed the field before police could separate the combatants and restore order. The fan sued Wilson for $20,000, but a jury ruled in Wilson's favor.
"The Sandberg Game"
One game in particular was cited for putting Cubs second baseman Ryne Sandberg, as well as the 1984 Cubs in general, "on the map", a NBC national telecast of a Cardinals–Cubs game on June 23, 1984. The Cubs had been playing well throughout the season's first few months, but as a team unaccustomed to winning, they had not yet become a serious contender in the eyes of most baseball fans.
Sandberg had played two full seasons in the major leagues, and while he had shown himself to be a top-fielding second baseman and fast on the basepaths (over 30 stolen bases both seasons), his .260-ish batting average and single-digit home run production were respectable for his position but not especially noteworthy, and Sandberg was not talked about outside Chicago. The Game of the Week, however, put the sleeper Cubs on the national stage against their regional rival, the St. Louis Cardinals. Both teams were well-established franchises with a strong fan base outside the Chicago and St. Louis area.
In the ninth inning, the Cubs trailed 9–8, and faced the premier relief pitcher of the time, Bruce Sutter. Sutter was at the forefront of the emergence of the closer in the late 1970s and early 1980s: a hard-throwing pitcher who typically came in just for the ninth inning and saved around 30 games a season. (Sutter was especially dominant in 1984, saving 45 games.) However, in the ninth inning, Sandberg, not yet known for his power, slugged a home run to left field against the Cardinals' ace closer. Despite this dramatic act, the Cardinals scored two runs in the top of the tenth. Sandberg came up again in the tenth inning, facing a determined Sutter with one man on base. As Cubs' radio announcer Harry Caray described it:
|“||There's a drive, way back! Might be outta here! It is! It is! He did it again! He did it again! The game is tied! The game is tied! Holy Cow! Listen to this crowd, everybody's gone bananas!||”|
The Cubs went on to win in the 11th inning. The Cardinals' Willie McGee had already been named NBC's player of the game before Sandberg's first home run. As NBC play-by-play man Bob Costas (who called the game with Tony Kubek) said when Sandberg hit that second home run, "Do you believe it?!" The game is sometimes called "The Sandberg Game". The winning run for the Cubs was driven in by a single off the bat of Dave Owen.
McGwire/Sosa home run chase
In 1998, the teams were connected by the Mark McGwire-Sammy Sosa home run race, credited by many with revitalizing the sport following the players' strike which cancelled the 1994 World Series and the first part of the 1995 season.
In early September the teams met for a two-game series at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. In the first game, McGwire hit his record-tying 61st home run off pitcher Mike Morgan in the first inning as part of a 3–2 Cardinals victory. The following day, McGwire broke the record with #62 off Steve Trachsel in the fourth inning as part of a 6–3 victory against the Cubs. In a show of sportsmanship, Sammy Sosa was there to embrace and congratulate his home run rival and on-field opponent after McGwire rounded the bases. McGwire would finish the year with 70 home runs and Sosa with 66. However, the Cubs won the National League wild card, making the playoffs for the first time in nine years, while the Cardinals finished barely above .500. Sosa eventually became the NL MVP that season, even though Mark McGwire finished with 4 more home runs.
After the chase
A somber showing of acknowledgment between the two teams happened in 2002 when Cubs catcher Joe Girardi addressed the fans at Wrigley Field in a choked up way that the game between the two teams had been cancelled and that the fans should pray for the St. Louis Cardinals family. However, there were fans who booed. Later, a press conference was held where an emotional Girardi addressed the death of Cardinals pitcher Darryl Kile. Girardi, who played for both the Cubs and the Cardinals, addressed the fans in a regional broadcast on Fox.
In 2005, the Cardinals and Cubs renewed their rivalry when first basemen Derrek Lee for the Cubs and Albert Pujols for the Cardinals were locked in an MVP race. Nabbing the NL batting title, Lee led the league in hits and batting average and bested Pujols in home runs. For his part, Pujols led the league in runs scored and had the edge on Lee in RBIs. Lee was awarded both the Gold Glove and Silver Slugger as the best NL first baseman on both defense and offense, respectively. However, with the Cardinals winning 100 games and the division and the Cubs finishing 21 games back in fourth place, Pujols took home the National League MVP honors.
June 4 and 5, 2011 had Pujols, in his last year with the Cardinals, win back to back games against the Cubs with walk-off home runs.
In recent years, tragedies in the Cardinals organization have caused two games between these teams to be postponed. In 2002, after Cardinals pitcher Darryl Kile was found dead in a Chicago hotel room, a game between the teams in Wrigley Field was postponed. Then in 2007, another Cardinals pitcher, Josh Hancock, was killed in a car crash while driving intoxicated, causing a game in St. Louis to be postponed. Incidentally, both games were scheduled to air on one of MLB's major broadcast partners—the 2002 game was to air on Fox, and the 2007 game was planned for ESPN Sunday Night Baseball.
Former Cubs shortstop Ryan Theriot, who was acquired by the Cardinals from the Los Angeles Dodgers on November 30, 2010, told a St. Louis radio station that he was "finally on the right side of the Cardinals-Cubs rivalry" and that he was happy to be with an organization that emphasized winning World Series championships instead of being "an afterthought". Cubs pitcher Carlos Zambrano called him "the enemy now." The Cardinals won the World Series that season.
The two clubs played each other in the postseason for the first time in the 2015 National League (NL) Division Series, as a result of the Cubs' 4–0 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 2015 NL Wild Card Game. The Cubs defeated the Cardinals 3–1 to advance to the National League Championship Series.
When the Tribune Company bought the Cubs, they immediately started pressing for night baseball, threatening to abandon Wrigley Field otherwise. Night baseball was finally added in 1988, and after some further negotiations with the city, in the winter of 2005–2006 they expanded Wrigley's bleachers for the first time since 1938.
Wrigleyville, a part of the Lakeview neighborhood, surrounds the Cubs' stadium, and comprises middle- and upper-middle-class housing, as well as many restaurants, bars and music venues for fans to visit before and after games.
Busch Stadium (also referred to informally as "New Busch Stadium" or "Busch Stadium III") is the home of the St. Louis Cardinals, of MLB. The stadium has a seating capacity of 43,975, and contains 3,706 club seats and 61 luxury suites.
The ballpark opened on April 4, 2006 with an exhibition between the minor league Memphis Redbirds and Springfield Cardinals, both affiliates of the St. Louis Cardinals, which Springfield won 5-3 with right-hander Mike Parisi recording the first win. The first official major league game occurred on April 10, 2006 as the Cardinals defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 6–4 behind an Albert Pujols home run and winning pitcher Mark Mulder.
A commercial area, dubbed Ballpark Village, is being developed adjacent to the stadium over the remainder of the former stadium's footprint.
In his book Three Nights in August, Buzz Bissinger compared the Cardinals–Cubs rivalry to another famous rivalry in American baseball: "The Red Sox and Yankees is a tabloid-filled soap opera about money and ego and sound bites. But the Cubs and Cardinals are about... geography and territorial rights."
One of the "territories" in question is central Illinois, which receives both radio broadcasts of Cardinals games on KMOX (restarting in 2011, and decades before, up to the 2006 season, when the Cardinals' owners moved the broadcasts to KTRS, a station they bought for the purpose) as well as WGN radio & WGN television,(including WGN-TV's superstation) broadcasts of Cubs games. Both KMOX and WGN radio are traditional "clear channel" AM radio stations, and both teams fought for fans in the Western states prior to Major League expansion. Also prior to Major League expansion, the Cardinals traditionally claimed huge parts of the Lower Midwest and the South in their territory, while the Cubs claimed the Upper Midwest.
Loyalties to the two teams divided friends, families, and co-workers, and shaped the locals in various ways, as George Will noted in a 1998 commencement address at Washington University in St. Louis: "I grew up in Champaign, Illinois, midway between Chicago and St. Louis. At an age too tender for life-shaping decisions, I made one. While all my friends were becoming Cardinals fans, I became a Cub fan. My friends, happily rooting for Stan Musial, Red Schoendienst, and other great Redbirds, grew up cheerfully convinced that the world is a benign place, so of course, they became liberals. Rooting for the Cubs in the late 1940s and early 1950s, I became gloomy, pessimistic, morose, dyspeptic and conservative. It helped out of course that the Cubs last won the World Series in 1908, which is two years before Mark Twain and Tolstoy died. But that means, class of 1998, that the Cubs are in the 89th year of their rebuilding effort, and remember, any team can have a bad moment."
Many players have played for both teams, including Hall of Famer Rogers Hornsby, who holds several single season hitting records for both clubs. Notably, Hall of Famer Lou Brock was traded from the Cubs to the Cardinals early in his career for pitcher Ernie Broglio. This is widely considered one of the most one-sided trades in baseball history. Other Hall of Famers who played/managed with both clubs include Grover Cleveland Alexander, Clark Griffith, Burleigh Grimes, Bruce Sutter, Roger Bresnahan, Dizzy Dean, Dennis Eckersley, Rabbit Maranville, Hoyt Wilhelm, and Leo Durocher.
Legendary announcer Harry Caray began his career in St. Louis, broadcasting on KMOX radio for 24 seasons, before moving to Chicago in 1971, announcing 11 seasons for the White Sox before moving to the North Side and becoming a staple of WGN radio and television broadcasts for the Cubs from 1982 until his death before the 1998 season.
The rivalry between the two clubs intensified following the hiring of Dusty Baker to manage the Cubs following the 2002 season. In 2002, when Baker was managing the San Francisco Giants, he and Cardinals manager Tony La Russa had run-ins during that year's National League Championship Series, with the animosity carrying over to Baker's tenure with the Cubs. According to Baker, part of the intensity stems from the close relationship of the two. "It's very intense...When you play 18 times against a team that's had a long-time rivalry, and my former manager and my former confidant, that just increases things." Baker played for La Russa in 1986 as a member of the Oakland Athletics.
Some say that the feud between the two managers have added to the rivalry between the two teams. "Both managers are fiercely protective of their players. Both believe in old-school baseball protocol. Neither will sit by idly and watch an opponent show up their team. Both are fierce competitors with enormous pride…. Fans don’t usually buy tickets to watch managers manage . . . but this tactical showdown added something to the Cubs-Cards series."
After the Cubs fired Dusty Baker in 2006, the rivalry was raised by another notch as they replaced him with Lou Piniella. Coincidentally, Piniella and La Russa both grew up in Tampa and faced each other in the 1990 World Series as managers of the Cincinnati Reds and Oakland Athletics, respectively.
As of the end of the 2015 MLB Regular Season
Championships and Playoff Appearances
|World Series championships||11||2|
|Wild Card berths||2||2|
Major Award Winners
As of the 2015 MLB Season
|Rookie of the Year||6||5|
|Manager of the Year||2||4|
Gold Glove Winners
As of the beginning of the 2014 MLB Season
Silver Slugger Winners
As of the beginning of the 2014 MLB Season
Single season records
|Home runs||Mark McGwire, 70 (1998)||Sammy Sosa, 66 (1998)|
|Runs batted in||Joe Medwick, 154 (1937)||Hack Wilson, 191 (1930) (MLB record)|
|Batting average||Rogers Hornsby, .424 (1924)||Bill Lange, .389 (1895)|
|Hits||Rogers Hornsby, 250 (1922)||Rogers Hornsby, 229 (1929)|
|Runs||Rogers Hornsby, 141 (1922)||Rogers Hornsby, 156 (1929)|
|Doubles||Joe Medwick, 64 (1936)||Billy Herman, 57 (1935 & 1936)|
|Triples||Tom Long, 25 (1915)||Vic Saier and Frank Schulte, 21 (1913 & 1911)|
|Extra Base Hits||Stan Musial, 103 (1948)||Sammy Sosa, 103 (2001)|
|Grand Slams||Albert Pujols, 5 (2009)||Ernie Banks, 5 (1955)|
|On-Base Percentage||Rogers Hornsby, .507 (1924)||King Kelly, .483 (1886)|
|Slugging Percentage||Rogers Hornsby, .756 (1925)||Sammy Sosa, .737 (2001)|
|Stolen bases||Lou Brock, 118 (1974)||Bill Lange, 84 (1896)|
|Hitting streak||Rogers Hornsby, 33 games (1922)||Bill Dahlen, 42 games (1894)|
|Strikeouts||Jim Edmonds, 167 (2000)||Sammy Sosa, 174 (1997)|
|Walks||Mark McGwire, 162 (1998)||Jimmy Sheckard, 147 (1911)|
|Pitching wins||Silver King 45, (1888)||John Clarkson, 53 (1885)|
|Pitching strikeouts||Jack Stivetts, 289 (1890)||Bill Hutchinson, 314 (1892)|
|Pitching ERA||Bob Gibson, 1.12 (1968)||Mordecai Brown, 1.04 (1906)|
|Pitching Saves||Trevor Rosenthal, 48 (2015)||Randy Myers, 53 (1993)|
Hall of Fame plaques with team logo
Cardinals – (11)
- Lou Brock (1985)
- Rogers Hornsby (1947)
- Dizzy Dean (1953)
- Bob Gibson (1981)
- Stan Musial (1969)
- Red Schoendienst (1989)
- Enos Slaughter (1985)
- Ozzie Smith (2002)
- Bruce Sutter (2006)
- Billy Southworth (2008)
- Whitey Herzog (2010)
Cubs – (11)
- Ernie Banks (1977)
- Frank Chance (1946)
- Kiki Cuyler (1968)
- Johnny Evers (1946)
- Gabby Hartnett (1955)
- Billy Herman (1975)
- Ferguson Jenkins (1991)
- Ryne Sandberg (2005)
- Billy Williams (1987)
- Hack Wilson (1979)
- Ron Santo (2012)
- Major League Baseball rivalries
- Blackhawks–Blues rivalry – equivalent in the National Hockey League
- 1998 Major League Baseball home run record chase
- Inline citations
- Cash, Jon David (2002). Before They Were Cardinals: Major League Baseball in Nineteenth-Century St. Louis. University of Missouri Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Baseball – Greatest Rivalry In Baseball
- "Hack Wilson Was Great Baseball Player But Headache To Managers". The Portsmouth Times. Associated Press. 24 November 1948. p. 11. Retrieved 2 March 2011.
- "June 23, 1984 St. Louis Cardinals at Chicago Cubs Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 11 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Muskat, Carrie (August 8, 2002). "The Sosa-McGwire home run race". MLB.com. Retrieved 2009-10-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bodley, Hal (March 17, 2006). "Baseball's steroids issue remains in the news". USA Today.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Leonhardt, David (March 30, 2005). "Myth of men who saved baseball". New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Dedman, Bill (September 29, 1998). "Unlikely Season Of Dreams For Cubs". The New York Times. p. D3.
Since Caray died at the start of spring training, Sosa has honored him with a 'V' sign after every home run this season, along with his heart thumps and kisses for the Sosa family.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Greenstein, Teddy (June 23, 2002). "MacPhail wanted vague notice; Cubs exec sought to protect Kile family members". Chicago Tribune. p. 5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Beatriz, Ana; Avila, Oscar (June 23, 2002). "It's `a time to put this rivalry away'". Chicago Tribune. p. 3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Newhan, Ross (June 23, 2002). "Kile's Death Stuns Baseball; Cardinals: St. Louis pitcher, 33, is found in his Chicago hotel room and appears to have died of natural causes. Game against Cubs is canceled". Los Angeles Times. p. D1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Sullivan, Paul (April 30, 2007). "Cards lose a 'great teammate, friend'; Pitcher Hancock killed in car crash; Cubs game called off". Chicago Tribune. p. 1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Shaikin, Bill (April 30, 2007). "Cardinals' Hancock dies in car accident". Los Angeles Times. p. D1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Goold, Derrick (January 19, 2011). "Theriot ready to play on right side of the rivalry". St. Louis Post-Dispatch.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Singer, Tom; Muskat, Carrie (October 8, 2015). "Arrieta, Cubs ace Wild Card test vs. Bucs". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved October 8, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Bissinger, Buzz (2005). Three Nights in August: Strategy, Heartbreak and Joy Inside the Mind of a Manager. Houghton Mifflin Company.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Newsroom – Washington University in St. Louis". wustl.edu. Retrieved 11 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Muskat, Carrie (April 7, 1986). "Notes: Skippers intensify rivalry". MLB.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Gordon, Jeff (May 15, 2006). "Ottawa mayor looks sharper than Senators did vs. Sabres". St. Louis Post Dispatch. p. D2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- includes 1981 'split season' with best overall record but not winning either half