List of Caribbean islands

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Islands in and near the Caribbean

The Caribbean islands are those islands that border or are surrounded by the Caribbean Sea organized by the political entity to which each island belongs.

There are thousands of islands that are part of the island countries of the broadly defined Caribbean region: Anguilla has 21; Antigua-and-Barbuda has 37; Aruba (4); Barbados (2, formerly 3 but Pelican Island is now absorbed into Barbados through land reclamation, 1956–1961); Belize (many); British Virgin Islands (43); Cayman Islands (12); Cuba (23); Dominica (7); Dominican Republic (2); Grenada (39); Guadeloupe (38); Haiti (12); Honduras (6); Jamaica (26); Martinique (50); Montserrat (4); Caribbean Netherlands (20); Puerto Rico (142); Saint Barthélemy (13); Saint Kitts-and-Nevis (20); Saint Lucia (17); Saint Martin (8); Saint Vincent-and-the-Grenadines (39); Trinidad-and-Tobago (21); and United States Virgin Islands (81).

Some continental countries also have islands in the Caribbean, including Colombia (which has 10 islands in the Caribbean Sea, known as San Andrés-and-Providencia), Mexico (4 islands), Nicaragua (4), Venezuela (15), Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica and Panama. The United States also claims several small Caribbean islands (including Alto Velo).

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda



Belize has many islands and the largest barrier reef in the Western Hemisphere.[2]


Bolívar Department

Córdoba Department

Magdalena Department

  • Isla de Salamanca

San Andrés and Providencia Department

Sucre Department



Dominican Republic


Guadeloupe and dependencies


Saint Barthélemy

Saint Martin (France)





Spanish town Manchester Madiville

Kingdom of the Netherlands



Caribbean Netherlands

Sint Maarten


Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Trinidad and Tobago

United Kingdom


British Virgin Islands

Cayman Islands


United States of America

Puerto Rico

United States Virgin Islands

Saint Thomas, Saint Croix, and Saint John are the main three United States Virgin Islands. The capital, Charlotte Amalie, is on Saint Thomas.

Lucayan Archipelago

The following two countries of the Lucayan Archipelago are the portion of the West Indies that is not a part of the Caribbean. The Commonwealth of the Bahamas and the British Overseas Territory of the Turks and Caicos Islands are located in the North Atlantic Ocean rather than the Caribbean Sea, but they are often grouped with the nations of the Caribbean for convenience.

The Bahamas

Turks and Caicos Islands

See also


  2. "Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System". UNESCO. Retrieved 16 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. (French) Art. L.O. 6211-1, book 2, part 6 of the Code général des collectivités territoriales.
  4. (French) Art. L.O. 6311-1, book 3, part 6 of the Code général des collectivités territoriales.
  5. The United Kingdom relinguished its claim to Flanagan Island in 1977 in an agreement with a US delegation headed by David Colson, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Oceans, US Dept. of State (