Carl Yastrzemski

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Carl Yastrzemski
File:Carl Yastrzemski at Fenway Park 2.jpg
Yastrzemski in the dugout at Fenway Park
Left fielder / First baseman
Born: (1939-08-22) August 22, 1939 (age 83)
Southampton, New York
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
April 11, 1961, for the Boston Red Sox
Last MLB appearance
October 2, 1983, for the Boston Red Sox
MLB statistics
Batting average .285
Hits 3,419
Home runs 452
Runs batted in 1,844
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Inducted 1989
Vote 94.63% (first ballot)

Carl Michael Yastrzemski (/jəˈstrɛmski/; nicknamed "Yaz";[1] born August 22, 1939) is an American former Major League Baseball player. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1989.[2] Yastrzemski played his entire 23-year baseball career with the Boston Red Sox (1961–1983). He was primarily a left fielder, but also played 33 games as a third baseman[3] and mostly was a first baseman and designated hitter later in his career.[4] Yastrzemski is an 18-time All-Star, the possessor of seven Gold Gloves, a member of the 3000 hit club, and the first American League player in that club to also accumulate over 400 home runs.[5] He is second on the all-time list for games played, and third for total at-bats. He is the Red Sox' all-time leader in career RBIs, runs, hits, singles, doubles, total bases, and games played, and is second on the team's list for home runs behind Ted Williams .[5] In 1967, Yastrzemski achieved a peak in his career, leading the Red Sox to the American League pennant for the first time in over two decades, in that season being voted the American League MVP, and was the last winner of the Triple Crown for batters in the Major Leagues until Miguel Cabrera achieved the feat in 2012.[4][6][7]

Early life

Yastrzemski was born in Southampton, New York to Carl Yastrzemski, Sr. and Hattie Skonieczny.[4] Both his parents were of a Polish background, and young Carl was bilingual from an early age. Raised on his father's potato farm, Carl played on sandlot baseball teams with his father, who, he maintains, was a better athlete than he was. "Yaz" attended Notre Dame on a basketball scholarship (his career Long Island high school scoring mark at Bridgehampton broke one previously held by Jim Brown) briefly before embarking on his baseball career.

Yastrzemski signed with the Red Sox organization, which sent him to the minor-league Raleigh Capitals in 1959, where he led the league with a .377 batting average,[1][8] They then moved him to the Minneapolis Millers for the post-season and the 1960 season.[9] Yastrzemski, who had studied business at Notre Dame, fulfilled a promise to his parents by finishing his degree at Merrimack College in North Andover, Mass., in 1966.[10]

Major League career

Early career

Yastrzemski began his major-league career in 1961.[4] From the beginning, there was tremendous pressure on him to perform, as he succeeded to the position of the great Red Sox legend Ted Williams.[5] He would prove to be a worthy successor at the plate, and a far superior defensive player with a strong arm, expert in playing off the Green Monster, Fenway Park's left-field wall. In 12 years as a left fielder, Yastrzemski won seven Gold Gloves and led in assists seven times.[11][12]

While his first two years were viewed as solid but unspectacular, he emerged as a rising star in 1963, winning the American League batting championship with a batting average of .321, and also leading the league in doubles and walks, finishing sixth in the Most Valuable Player voting.[13][14]


Yastrzemski enjoyed his best season in 1967, when he won the American League Triple Crown with a .326 batting average, 44 home runs (tied with Harmon Killebrew) and 121 RBIs.[6] Yastrzemski's Triple Crown win in 1967 was the last time a major league hitter won the Batting Triple Crown until Miguel Cabrera in the 2012 season - conversely six different pitchers have since won the pitchers' version. He was voted Most Valuable Player almost unanimously (one voter chose César Tovar of the Twins).[7] His 12.4WAR was the highest since Babe Ruth's 1927 season.[15]

1967 was the season of the "Impossible Dream" for the Red Sox (referring to the hit song from the musical play Man of La Mancha), who rebounded from a ninth-place finish a year before to win the American League pennant (their first since 1946) on the last day of the season.[16] With the Red Sox battling as part of a four-team pennant race, Yastrzemski hit .513 (23 hits in 44 at-bats) with five home runs and 16 runs batted in over the last two weeks of the season, and finished a mere one game ahead of the Detroit Tigers and Minnesota Twins.[16][17] The Red Sox went into the final two games of the season trailing the Twins by 1 game and leading the Tigers by 1/2 game. The Red Sox final two games were against Minnesota with the pennant and home run title (and hence, the triple crown) on the line. In the Saturday game, Yaz went 3 for 4 with a home run and 4 RBI. Klllebrew also homered, but the Red Sox won, 6-4. Thus, the teams went into the final game tied for 1st place, and Yaz and Killebrew were tied with 44 home runs apiece. In the final game, neither player homered, but Yaz went 4 for 4 with 2 RBI in the Red Sox 5-3 win. So in the two games with the pennant on the line, Yastrzemski was 7 for 8 with 6 RBI

The Red Sox lost the World Series four games to three to the St. Louis Cardinals, losing three times to Bob Gibson.[18] However, Yaz batted .400 with 3 home runs and 5 RBI in the series. In that season, Yastrzemski also won the Hickok Belt as top professional athlete of the year and Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsman of the Year" Award.

In an article he co-wrote for the November 1967 issue of SPORT Magazine, Yastrzemski credited Boston's remarkable season to manager Dick Williams and an infusion of youth, including Rico Petrocelli and Tony Conigliaro. Referring to Williams, Yastrzemski wrote: "He got rid of all the individuality, made us into a team, gave us an incentive, and made us want to win."[19]

Later career

File:Carl Yastrzemski at Fenway Park.jpg
Yastrzemski bats at Fenway Park.

In 1968 Yastrzemski again won the batting championship.[20] Because of the competitive advantages pitchers enjoyed between 1963 and 1968 (prior to the lowering of the pitcher's mound), Yastrzemski's .301 mark in "The Year of the Pitcher" is the lowest average of any batting champion in major league history; however, he was the only hitter in the American League to hit .300 for that season against such formidable pitching, as well as leading the league in on-base percentage and walks.[20] He had many more strong seasons, consistently finishing in the top ten in the league in many statistical categories.

In 1969, Yastrzemski enjoyed the first of two consecutive 40-home run seasons as he led the Red Sox to third-place finishes that year and the next. He got four hits, tying the record, and won the All-Star Game MVP in 1970, although the American League lost.[21] He is one of two players to win the All-Star Game MVP Award despite playing for the losing team, Brooks Robinson having done so in 1966. Yastrzemski's .329 batting average that season was his career high, but he finished second behind the California Angels' Alex Johnson for the batting title by less than .001.[22] In 1970 Yaz led the league in slugging and on-base percentage, finishing third in home runs.[22]

Although he hit but 61 home runs over the next four years (1971 through 1974) as the Red Sox finished second twice and third twice, he finished in the top 10 in batting, and top three in on-base percentage and walks in 1973 and 1974, and led the league in runs scored in 1974.[23][24]

In the 1975 All-Star Game, Yastrzemski was called to pinch-hit in the sixth inning, with two men on base and the American League down 3-0. Without wearing a batting helmet, he hit Tom Seaver's first pitch for a home run to tie the score.[25] The three-run homer was the only scoring the American League did that night as they lost 6-3.

Yastrzemski and the Red Sox would suffer another World Series loss in 1975, losing four games to three to the Cincinnati Reds.[26] Yastrzemski made the final out in Game 7 on a fly out to center, trailing by one run.[27] Coincidentally, he also made the final out of the 1978 American League East tie-breaker game with a foul pop to third base.[28] This game featured Bucky Dent's famous homer (although Reggie Jackson's home run was the eventual winning run). Earlier in the game, however, Yastrzemski began the scoring with a home run off left-handed pitcher Ron Guidry, who was having a career year (25 wins, 3 loses and a 1.74 ERA).[28] It was the only homer the Cy Young Award winner allowed to a left-hander all season.

On May 19, 1976, Yastrzemski hit three home runs against the Detroit Tigers at Tiger Stadium.[29] He then went to Yankee Stadium and hit two more, tying the major league record of five home runs in two consecutive games.[30][31] In 1978 Yastrzemski, then 39, was one of the five oldest players in the league.[32] On September 12, 1979 Carl Yastrzemski achieved another milestone becoming the first American League player with 3000 career hits and 400 home runs.[33] In 1982, playing primarily as a designated hitter, an early season hitting streak placed him among the league's leading hitters and saw him featured on the cover of Sports Illustrated and played in that year's All-Star game.


Carl Yastrzemski's number 8 was retired by the Boston Red Sox in 1989.

Yastrzemski retired in 1983 at the age of 44, although he stated in his autobiography Yaz that he was initially planning on playing the 1984 season, until he tired from a long midseason slump. He also stated that had he known how good Roger Clemens would have been as a pitcher, he would have played in 1984 to have had a chance to play with him.

No player has had a longer career with only one team, 23 seasons, a record which he shares with Brooks Robinson of the Baltimore Orioles.[5] His final career statistics include 3,308 games played (second all-time and the most with a single team), 646 doubles (seventh all-time), 452 home runs, 1,844 RBIs (12th all-time), and a batting average of .285.[4] He had 1,845 walks in his career (sixth all-time), and 1,157 extra base hits (ninth all-time). Yastrzemski was the first player to ever collect over 3,000 hits and 400 home runs solely in the American League[34] (the feat has since been accomplished by Cal Ripken Jr.). He was named to the All-Star Game 18 times.[4] Yastrzemski won three American League batting championships in his career.[2] In addition, Yastrzemski only trails Ty Cobb in hits collected with a single team, and trails only Cobb and Tris Speaker in hits collected playing in the American League, both of whom played before World War II. Yastrzemski is also Fenway Park's all-time leader in hits, doubles, and RBI's.

File:Yaz Signing autographs.jpg
Yastrzemski signing an autograph at Fenway Park in 2008.

As one of the top players of his era, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1989, his first year of eligibility, with the support of 94% of voters. Notably, this makes him one of the few Hall of Famers to directly succeed another Hall of Famer at the same position.[34] For his entire career with the Red Sox, he wore uniform number 8. The Red Sox retired this number on August 6, 1989 after Yastrzemski was elected to the Hall of Fame.[34] In 1999, Yastrzemski ranked number 72 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players.[35] That same season, he was named a finalist to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.[36] Prior to his induction in the Baseball Hall of Fame, in 1986, Carl Yastrzemski was inducted into the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame.[37]

Yastrzemski was well known for his batting stance, holding his bat exceptionally high, giving his swing a large, dramatic arc, and more power at the plate. However, in his later years, he adjusted his stance and held the bat lower. He was also known for modifying his batting helmets by enlarging the right ear hole (for comfort) and removing part of the right ear flap (for better vision of the ball as it was being pitched).

A record album of the Red Sox's 1967 season, aptly titled "The Impossible Dream", featured a song by DJ Jess Cain of praise for "The man they call Yaz", which included the line "Although 'Yastrzemski' is a lengthy name / It fits quite nicely in our Hall of Fame." (A link to the song appears below.) The song can be heard, and the album cover can be seen, in the apartment of Ben Wrightman (played by Jimmy Fallon) in the 2005 film Fever Pitch. Earlier in the film, Ben's girlfriend, Lindsay Meeks (Drew Barrymore), not yet familiar with the triumphs and tribulations of the Red Sox, is unable to properly pronounce Yastrzemski's name, and has to be corrected by the surrounding fans: "Ya-STREM-ski!" The final scene of the movie indicates that if the couple's unborn child is a girl she will be named "Carla Yastrzemski Wrightman."

Along with Johnny Pesky, Yastrzemski raised the 2004 World Series championship banner over Fenway Park.[38] He is currently a roving instructor with the Red Sox, and was honored by throwing out the first pitch in Game 1 of the 2004, 2007 and 2013 World Series. In August 2008, Yastrzemski underwent successful triple bypass heart surgery at Massachusetts General Hospital. The Red Sox honored Yastrzemski with a statue of him outside Fenway Park on September 23, 2013.


Yastrzemski's son Mike Yastrzemski was drafted by the Atlanta Braves in the third round in 1984 and eventually played for the White Sox Triple-A affiliate until 1988. He died of a heart attack in 2004 at age 43.[39]

In June 2009, Boston drafted Carl's grandson Michael, an outfielder out of St. John's Prep, in the 36th round; Michael did not sign with the team and went to Vanderbilt. In 2012, Michael was drafted by the Seattle Mariners in the 30th round, with the 911th overall pick. He signed with the Baltimore Orioles as their 14th round pick in 2013. While with the Aberdeen IronBirds, he started in the 2013 New York-Penn League All-Star Game.[39] Michael started the 2015 season with the Double-A affiliate Bowie Baysox.

Career regular season statistics

As of the 2014 baseball season, on the all-time lists for Major League baseball, Yastrzemski ranks at #1 for games played for one team, #2 for games played, #3 for at-bats, #6 for bases on balls, #8 for hits, #8 for total bases, #8 for doubles, and #13 for RBIs.[4]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Official Yastrzemski Web Bio". Retrieved 2008-07-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Carl Yastrzemski at the Baseball Hall of Fame
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Carl Yastrzemski at Baseball Reference
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Rawlings Presents Big Stix: The Greatest Hitters in the History of the Major Leagues, Rob Rains, Sports Publishing LLC, 2004, ISBN 1-58261-757-0, ISBN 978-1-58261-757-2
  6. 6.0 6.1 1967 American League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  7. 7.0 7.1 1967 American League Most Valuable Player Award voting resultsa at Baseball Reference
  8. 1959 Carolina League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  9. "Minneapolis Millers history". Retrieved 2008-07-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Yaz won Triple Crown". Retrieved 2008-07-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "The Ballplayers - Carl Yastrzemski". Retrieved 2008-07-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. American League Gold Glove Award winners at Baseball Reference
  13. 1963 American League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  14. 1963 American League Most Valuable Player Award voting results at Baseball Reference
  15. "baseball-reference".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 1967 American League Team Statistics and Standings at Baseball Reference
  17. Triple Crown Season in '67 Marked High Point for Yaz, by Dan Shaughnessy, Baseball Digest, August 1992, Vol. 51, No. 8, ISSN 0005-609X
  18. 1967 World Series at Baseball Reference
  19. "Carl Yastrzemski - Behind the Red Sox Turnaround - SPORT magazine". Retrieved 2008-07-25.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. 20.0 20.1 1968 American League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  21. 1970 All-Star Game at Baseball Reference
  22. 22.0 22.1 1970 American League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  23. 1973 American League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  24. 1974 American League Batting Leaders at Baseball Reference
  25. 1975 All-Star Game at Baseball Reference
  26. 1975 World Series at Baseball Reference
  27. 1975 World Series Game 7 box score at Baseball Reference
  28. 28.0 28.1 October 2, 1978 Yankees-Red Sox box score at Baseball Reference
  29. May 19, 1976 Red Sox-Tigers box score at Baseball Reference
  30. Yastrzemski Recalls His Most Memorable Games, by Peter Gammons, Baseball Digest, September 1981, Vol. 40, No. 9, ISSN 0005-609X
  31. May 20, 1976 Red Sox-Yankees box score at Baseball Reference
  32. 1978 American League Awards, All-Stars and Other Leaders at Baseball Reference
  33. Pepe, Phil (2005). Catfish,Yaz, and Hammerin' Hank: The Unforgettable Era that Transformed Baseball. Chicago, IL: Triumph Books. p. 313. ISBN 978-1-57243-839-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 Red Sox retired numbers at
  35. Carl Yastrzemski at The Sporting News 100 Greatest Baseball Players
  36. Carl Yastrzemski at The Major League Baseball All-Century Team
  38. Kepner, Tyler (April 12, 2005). "With Rings and Then a Rout, It's a Great Day for the Red Sox". The New York Times.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. 39.0 39.1 Amore, Dom (August 12, 2013). "Mike Yastrzemski Carrying Family Name to New York-Penn All-Star Game". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved August 31, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links