Carter Page

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Carter Page
Born Carter William Page
(1971-06-03) June 3, 1971 (age 47)
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
Education United States Naval Academy (BS), 1993
Georgetown University MA, 1994
New York University MBA
SOAS, University of London (PhD), 2012
Occupation Investment banker
foreign policy analyst
Political party Republican

Carter William Page (born June 3, 1971) is an American oil industry consultant.[1] According to Donald Trump, Page was one of the individuals who advised him on foreign policy during the 2016 presidential campaign.[2] Page is the founder and managing partner of Global Energy Capital, a New York investment fund and consulting firm specializing in the Russian and Central Asian oil and gas business.[3][4]

Early life

Carter Page was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, on June 3, 1971,[5] the son of Allan Robert Page and Rachel (Greenstein) Page.[6][7] His father was from Galway, New York, and his mother was from Minneapolis.[8] Allan Page received bachelor's and master's degrees from Union College in Schenectady, New York, and was a manager and executive with the Central Hudson Gas & Electric Company.[9] Carter Page was raised in Poughkeepsie, New York, and graduated from Poughkeepsie's Our Lady of Lourdes High School in 1989.[10]



Page is a 1993 graduate of the United States Naval Academy.[11][12] He served in the Navy for five years, including a tour as a Marine intelligence officer in the Western Sahara.[11][13] After leaving the Navy, Page completed a fellowship at the Council on Foreign Relations.[14] In 1994, he completed a master of arts degree in National Security Studies at Georgetown University.[15]


Page completed a master of business administration degree from New York University, and in 2000 he began work as an investment banker with Merrill Lynch. He worked in the firm's London office, was vice president of the company's Moscow office,[3] and later served as COO for Merrill Lynch's energy and power department in New York.[11] Page has stated that he worked on transactions involving Gazprom and other leading Russian energy companies; according to business people interviewed by Politico in 2016, Page's work in Moscow was at a subordinate level, and he himself remained largely unknown to decision-makers.[3]

After leaving Merrill Lynch in New York in 2008, Page founded his own investment fund, Global Energy Capital; his partner in that venture is former mid-level Gazprom executive, Sergei Yatsenko.[3] The fund operated out of a Manhattan co-working space. Other businesspeople working in the Russian energy sector said in 2016 that the fund had yet to actually realize a project.[3]

Page has also instructed and lectured at the college level. In 2012 he received his PhD from the University of London.[16] He ran an international affairs program at Bard College,[17] and taught a course on energy and politics at New York University.[18]

Foreign policy

In 1998, Page joined the Eurasia Group, a strategy consulting firm, but left three months later. In 2017, Eurasia Group president Ian Bremmer recalled on his Twitter feed that Page's strong pro-Russian stance was "not a good fit" for the firm and that Page was its "most wackadoodle" alumnus.[19]

Page was the recipient of an International Affairs Fellowship (1998–1999) from the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), and has remained a consistent participant and contributor there since his fellowship, for instance with at least 9 panel appearances for CFR events between 2007 and 2009.[20][21] He has also written columns in Global Policy Journal, a publication of Durham University.[3]

He has expressed views in support of Russian president Vladimir Putin[3] and harshly criticised U.S. policy,[11] and was characterized as "a brazen apologist for anything Moscow did" by a U.S. official.[4] He is frequently quoted on Russian television as a "famous American economist".[3]

Trump 2016 presidential campaign

Page was one of five people named by Donald Trump as his foreign policy advisors when he responded to a question in a March 2016 interview with the editors of the Washington Post.[22] Despite this statement by Trump, members of his campaign staff claimed in September 2016 that Page had never met or briefed Trump.[3]

Mikhail Leontyev, spokesman for Russia's Rosneft, said in 2016 that Carter Page was "an extremely well-informed, authoritative expert on Russia" and that he had a good reputation in the oil industry.[23]

In September 2016, U.S. intelligence officials investigated alleged contacts between Page and Russian officials subject to U.S. sanctions, including Igor Sechin.[4] Page rejected the accusations and said he would take a leave of absence from Trump's campaign.[1]

In January 2017, Page's name appeared repeatedly in the leaked Donald Trump–Russia dossier containing contract intelligence from the former British Intelligence operative Christopher Steele in the employ of a private American firm, which alleged a pattern of close interactions between the Trump campaign and the Kremlin, reporting which has continued to engender controversy as of March 2017.[24][25][26][27] In January 2017 Page was under investigation by the FBI, CIA, NSA, ODNI, and FinCEN. Page has said that he has done nothing wrong.[28]

In February 2017, Page stated that he had not met with Russian officials in 2016 but two days later he appeared to contradict himself and stated that he did not deny news reports that he met with Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak during the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio in the same year.

In March 2017, Page was called on by the Senate Intelligence Committee investigating links between the Trump campaign and Russian government.[29] Page sent a letter to the Senate Intelligence Committee, addressed to Republican Senator Richard Burr and Democratic Senator Mark Warner, saying he may have been wiretapped as he had spent many hours in Trump Tower. Hope Hicks, a Donald Trump spokesperson, distanced the campaign from Page, stating Page was an "'informal foreign policy adviser'" who did "'not speak for Mr. Trump or the campaign.'"[30]

In April 2017, it was reported that the Federal Bureau of Investigation had successfully obtained a warrant from the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court to surveil Page's communications shortly after Page left the Trump campaign.[31] To issue the warrant, a federal judge concluded there was probable cause to believe the FBI's declarations that Page was a foreign agent knowingly engaging in clandestine intelligence for the Russian government.[32] Page is reportedly the only American who has been directly targeted for surveillance.[32] The 90-day warrant has since been renewed by the court multiple times.[32]

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Rogin, Josh (September 26, 2016). "Trump's Russia adviser speaks out, calls accusations 'complete garbage'". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 29, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Ross, Chuck. "Here's Who Introduced Carter Page To The Trump Campaign". The Daily Caller. Retrieved April 13, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Ioffe, Julia (September 23, 2016). "The Mystery of Trump's Man in Moscow". Politico. Archived from the original on September 24, 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Isikoff, Michael (September 23, 2016). "U.S. intel officials probe ties between Trump adviser and Kremlin". Yahoo! News. Retrieved September 24, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Carter William Page in the Minnesota Birth Index, 1935–2002". Provo, UT:, LLC. June 3, 1971. (Subscription required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Howland, Jack (March 3, 2017). "Page, Poughkeepsie Native, Linked to Trump-Russia". Poughkeepsie Journal. Poughkeepsie, NY.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Minnesota, Marriage Index, 1958–2001". Provo, UT:, LLC. June 20, 1970. (Subscription required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Hennepin County Marriage License Applications, Allan R. Page and Rachel Greenstein". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Minneapolis, MN. March 28, 1970. p. 18. (Subscription required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "2 Workers Promoted at Central Hudson". Poughkeepsie Journal. Poughkeepsie, NY. August 2, 1984. p. 22. (Subscription required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Page, Poughkeepsie Native, Linked to Trump-Russia".
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Mufson, Steven & Tom Hamburger (July 8, 2016). "Trump Adviser's Public Comments, Ties to Moscow Stir Unease in Both Parties". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 24, 2016. [Quote:] Asked to comment on Page’s public statements and campaign role, Trump spokeswoman Hope Hicks said Page was an 'informal foreign policy adviser' who 'does not speak for Mr. Trump or the campaign.' … Sergey Aleksashenko, former deputy chairman of the Russian central bank and former chairman of Merrill Lynch Russia, says that Page did not play a key role at that time. “He was a vice president, and the job of vice president is not to organize deals but to execute,” Aleksashenko said. Merrill Lynch was one of three firms that issued a fairness opinion on the price Gazprom eventually paid the Shell group … Page worked as chief operating officer of Merrill Lynch’s energy and power department in New York … Page has left a trail of blog posts on the Global Policy Journal that has traditional foreign policy experts scratching their heads …<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Page, Carter W. (May 17, 1993). ""Balancing Congressional Needs for Classified Information: A Case Study of the Strategic Defense Initiative"" (PDF). Ft. Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Jetton, Jeff (March 13, 2017). "A Conversation with Carter Page". Brightest Young Things. Washington, DC.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Gidda, Mirren (April 12, 2017). "Who is Carter Page and Why is the FBI Surveilling Him?". Newsweek. New York, NY.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Hall, Kevin G. (April 14, 2017). "Why did FBI suspect Trump campaign adviser was a foreign agent?". McClatchy DC Bureau. Washington, DC.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. “Who is Carter Page?”.
  17. Scott, Shane (April 19, 2017). "Trump Adviser's Visit to Moscow Got the F.B.I.'s Attention". New York Times. New York, NY.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Goldman, Adam (April 4, 2017). "Russian Spies Tried to Recruit Carter Page Before He Advised Trump". New York Times. New York, NY.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  20. CFR Staff (2013). "International Affairs Fellows, 1967-2013" (pdf). Retrieved January 12, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. His activities were during the period 1999–2016,[citation needed] esp. 2007–2009, e.g., see CFR Staff (2013). "Search Results, Carter Page, Results from CFR". Retrieved January 12, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. With Walid Phares, George Papadopoulos, Joe Schmitz, and Keith Kellogg. See: Post Opinions Staff (March 21, 2016). "A Transcript of Donald Trump's Meeting With The Washington Post Editorial Board". Retrieved January 12, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Ioffe, Julia (September 23, 2016). "The Mystery of Trump's Man in Moscow". Politico. Archived from the original on September 24, 2016. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. Sengupta, Kim (2 March 2017). "US Senate calls on British spy Christopher Steele to give evidence on explosive Trump-Russia dossier". Retrieved 6 March 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Bensinger, Ken; Miriam Elder; Mark Schoofs (January 10, 2017). "These Reports Allege Trump Has Deep Ties To Russia". BuzzFeed News. New York: BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved January 12, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> See also the attached full transcript of the dossier.
  26. First major new report, from Bernstein, et al., at CNN: Evan Perez; Jim Sciutto; Jake Tapper; Carl Bernstein (January 10, 2017). "Intel Chiefs Presented Trump with Claims of Russian Efforts to Compromise Him". CNN News. Retrieved January 12, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Editorial regarding the journalist issues raise by the published leak and subsequent story: Wemple, Erik (January 10, 2017). "BuzzFeed's Ridiculous Rationale For Publishing the Trump-Russia Dossier". The Washington Post News. Retrieved January 12, 2017. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  29. Pace, Julie (March 6, 2017). "Senate committee calls on former Trump adviser Carter Page in Russia investigation". PBS NewsHour. Arlington, VA. Associated Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Bertrand, Natasha (March 9, 2017). "Foreign policy adviser disavowed by Trump team says he 'spent many hours' at Trump campaign headquarters". Business Insider. Retrieved April 12, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Matthew Rosenberg; Matt Apuzzo (13 April 2017). "Court Approved Wiretap on Trump Campaign Aide Over Russia Ties". The New York Times. p. A13. Retrieved 13 April 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Nakashima, Ellen; Barrett, Devlin; Entous, Adam (12 April 2017). "FBI obtained FISA warrant to monitor Trump adviser Carter Page". The Washington Post. p. A1. Retrieved 13 April 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links