Catering

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A professionally catered event

Catering is the business of providing food service at a remote site or a site such as a hotel, public house (pub), or other location. Catering has evolved to become an artisanal affair. Caterers now create an experience that involves the senses.

History of catering

The earliest account of a major services being catered in the United States is a 1778 ball in Philadelphia catered by Caesar Cranshell to celebrate the departure of British General William Howe.[1] Catering business began to form around 1820, centering in Philadelphia.[1][2] Catering being a respectable and profitable business, the early catering industry was disproportionately founded by African-Americans.[1][2][3]

The industry began to professionalize under the reigns of Robert Bogle who is recognized as "the originator of catering."[2] By 1840, a second generation of Philadelphia black caterers formed, who began to combine their catering businesses with restaurants they owned.[2] Common usage of the word "caterer" came about in the 1880s at which point local directories began listing numerous caterers.[1] White businessmen eventually moved into the industry and by the 1930s, the black businesses had virtually disappeared.[1]

In the 1930s, Soviet Union, creating more simple menus, began developing state public-catering establishments as part of its collectivation policies.[4] A rationing system was implemented during World War II, and people became used to public catering. By the 1960s, home-made food was overtaken by eating in public-catering establishments.[4]

Mobile catering

A mobile caterer serves food directly from a vehicle, cart or truck which is designed for the purpose. Mobile catering is common at outdoor events (such as concerts), workplaces, and downtown business districts.

Wedding Catering

A wedding caterer provides food to the wedding party. The wedding caterer can be hired independently or can be part of a package designed by the venue.

An example of wedding catering

Catering Officers on ships

Merchant ships often carry Catering Officers - especially ferries, cruise liners and large cargo ships. In fact, the term "catering" was in use in the world of the merchant marine long before it became established as a land-bound business.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Chastain, Sue (March 5, 1987). "Philadelphia's Historic Feasts How Blacks Carved Out A Niche In Society Through Catering". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 1 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Walker, Juliet E. K. (2009). The history of black business in America: capitalism, race, entrepreneurship (2nd ed.). Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 133–134. ISBN 0807832413. Retrieved 1 November 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Smith, Jessie Carney, ed. (2006). Encyclopedia of African American Business. 1. Greenwood Press. p. 306. ISBN 0313331103.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Atkins, Peter; Oddy, Derek J.; Amilien, Virginie (2012). The Rise of Obesity in Europe: A Twentieth Century Food History. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 35–36. ISBN 1409488330.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>