Catherine de' Medici, Governor of Siena

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Caterina de' Medici
A black-haired lady in her twenties wears a white, gold emroidered gown crowned with a ruff. A string of pearls dangles from her neck.
Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat
Tenure 16 February 1617 – October 29, 1626
Governor of Siena
Tenure 1627 – 17 April 1629
Born (1593-05-02)2 May 1593
Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Tuscany
Died 18 April 1629(1629-04-18) (aged 35)
Siena, Tuscany
Burial Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Spouse Ferdinand, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat
House House of Medici
Father Ferdinando I, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Mother Christina of Lorraine

Caterina de' Medici (2 May 1593 – 17 April 1629) was Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat as the second wife of Duke Ferdinando and Governor of Siena from 1627. She was the second daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinando I of Tuscany and his wife Christina of Lorraine. She had no issue.[1]


The second daughter and third child of Grand Duke Ferdinando I and Christina of Lorraine, Caterina, named after the eponymous Queen of France, was born in Florence on 2 May 1593. Caterina was considered as a potential spouse to Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, heir to the three Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, but his Anglican religion presented an insurmountable barrier. Nevertheless, she married in 1617 Ferdinando Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua and Monteferrat; the marriage, however, was childless. Upon being made a widow in 1626, she returned to Tuscany. Her nephew, Grand Duke Ferdinando II, created her Governess of Siena in 1627, where she died of smallpox two years later.[2] In later life, Caterina garnered a reputation for intense piety.[1] Historian Colonel G.F. Young asserts that she bore a striking resemblance to her brother Cosimo II and sister Claudia.[1] She was interred in the Medicean necropolis, the Basilica of San Lorenzo.[1]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 2 May 1593 – 16 February 1617 Her Highness Caterina de' Medici
  • 16 February 1617 – 29 October 1626 Her Highness The Duchess of Mantua
  • 29 October 1626 – 1627 Her Highness The Dowager Duchess of Mantua
  • 1627 – 17 April 1629 Her Highness The Governor of Siena




  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Young, p 387
  2. Young, p 530


  • Young, G.F.: The Medici: Volume II, John Murray, London, 1920
Catherine de' Medici, Governor of Siena
Born: 2 May 1593 Died: 17 April 1629
Italian royalty
Preceded by
Margaret of Savoy
Duchess of Mantua
Succeeded by
Isabella Gonzaga
Duchess of Montferrat
Political offices
Preceded by
Fabrizio Colloredo
Governor of Siena
Succeeded by
Mattias de' Medici