The individual nodules of cave popcorn range in size from 5-20 mm and may be decorated by other speleothems especially aragonite needles or frostwork. The nodules tend to grow in clusters on bedrock or the sides of other speleothems. These clusters may terminate suddenly in either an upward or downward direction forming a stratographic layer. When they terminate in a downward direction, they may appear as flat bottomed formations otherwise known as trays.
Individual nodes of popcorn can assume a variety of shapes from round to flattened ear or button like shapes.
The color of cave popcorn is usually white but various other colors are possible depending on the composition.
Cave popcorn can form by precipitation. Water seeping through limestone walls or splashing onto them leaves deposits when CO2 loss causes its minerals to precipitate. When formed in this way the resultant nodules have the characteristics of small balls of flowstone.
Cave popcorn can also form by evaporation in which case it is chalky and white like edible popcorn. In the right conditions, evaporative cave popcorn may grow on the windward side of the surface to which it is attached or appear on the edges of projecting surfaces.
- Palmer, Arthur N. (2007). Cave Geology. Dayton, OH: CAVE BOOKS. p. 288. ISBN 978-0-939748-66-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Hill, Carol; Forti, Paolo (1997). Cave Minerals of the World (Second Edition ed.). Huntsville, AL: National Speleological Society. pp. 59–61. ISBN 1-879961-07-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Popcorn (speleology).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coralloids.|
- The Virtual Cave's page on cave popcorn
- The Virtual Cave's page on coralloids
- Underground Adventures Kids page on popcorn
- National Park Service page on popcorn
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