Chadwick Boseman

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Chadwick Boseman
Born Chadwick Aaron Boseman
(1976-11-29)November 29, 1976 or 1977[lower-alpha 1]
Anderson, South Carolina, U.S.
Died August 28, 2020(2020-08-28) (aged 43)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Alma mater Howard University (BFA)
British American Drama Academy
Occupation Actor
Years active 2003–2020
Spouse(s) Taylor Simone Ledward

Chadwick Aaron Boseman (November 29, 1976 or 1977 – August 28, 2020) was an American actor and producer.[5] He played several historical figures, such as Jackie Robinson in 42 (2013), James Brown in Get on Up (2014), and Thurgood Marshall in Marshall (2017). His role as the superhero Black Panther in the Marvel Cinematic Universe films, including Black Panther (2018), made him an international star, winning him an NAACP Image Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award.

Boseman's other film roles included 21 Bridges (2019), which he also co-produced, and Da 5 Bloods (2020). His final film, Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, will be released posthumously on Netflix. He died on August 28, 2020, after privately dealing with colon cancer for four years.[6][7][8]

Early life

Chadwick Aaron Boseman[9][10] was born and raised in Anderson, South Carolina,[11][12][13] to Carolyn[14] and Leroy Boseman, both African-American.[15] His mother was a nurse and his father worked at a textile factory, managing an upholstery business as well.[16] Boseman graduated from T. L. Hanna High School in 1995.[17] In his junior year, he wrote his first play, Crossroads, and staged it at the school after a classmate was shot and killed.[16]

Boseman attended college at Howard University in Washington, D.C., graduating in 2000 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in directing.[18] One of his teachers was Phylicia Rashad, who became a mentor.[16] She helped raise funds, notably from her friend and prominent actor Denzel Washington,[10] so that Boseman and some classmates could attend the Oxford Mid-Summer Program of the British American Drama Academy in London, to which they had been accepted.[16]

Boseman wanted to write and direct, and initially began studying acting to learn how to relate to actors.[19] After he returned to the U.S., he graduated from New York City's Digital Film Academy.[20][21]

He lived in Brooklyn at the start of his career.[16] Boseman worked as the drama instructor in the Schomburg Junior Scholars Program, housed at the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in Harlem, New York.[9] In 2008, he moved to Los Angeles to pursue an acting career.[22]

Ancestry

According to Boseman, DNA testing indicated that his ancestors were Krio people from Sierra Leone, Yoruba people from Nigeria and Limba people from Sierra Leone.[23]

Career

Boseman at the Deauville Film Festival in September 2014

Boseman got his first television role in 2003, in an episode of Third Watch. That same year, Boseman portrayed Reggie Montgomery in the daytime soap opera All My Children, but stated that he was fired after voicing concerns to producers about racist stereotypes in the script; the role was subsequently re-cast, with Boseman's future Black Panther co-star Michael B. Jordan assuming the role.[24] His early work included episodes of the series Law & Order, CSI:NY, and ER.[9] He also continued to write plays, with his script for Deep Azure performed at the Congo Square Theatre Company in Chicago; it was nominated for a 2006 Joseph Jefferson Award for New Work.[25] In 2008, he played a recurring role on the television series Lincoln Heights and appeared in his first feature film, The Express: The Ernie Davis Story.[26] He landed a regular role in 2010 in another television series, Persons Unknown.[26]

Boseman had his first starring role in the 2013 film 42, in which he portrayed baseball pioneer and star Jackie Robinson.[26] He had been directing an off-Broadway play in East Village when he auditioned for the role,[27] and was considering giving up acting and pursuing directing full-time at the time.[28] About 25 other actors had been seriously considered for the role, but director Brian Helgeland liked Boseman's bravery and cast him after he had auditioned twice.[29][18] Robinson's widow, Rachel Robinson commented that Boseman's performance was like seeing Jackie again.[30] In 2013, Boseman also starred in the indie film The Kill Hole, which was released in theaters a few weeks before the film 42.[31]

In 2014, Boseman appeared opposite Kevin Costner in Draft Day, in which he played an NFL draft prospect.[32] Later that year, he starred as James Brown in Get on Up, doing some singing and all of his own dancing.[33] In 2016, he starred as Thoth, a deity from Egyptian mythology, in Gods of Egypt.[34]

In 2016, he started portraying the Marvel Comics character T'Challa / Black Panther, with Captain America: Civil War being his first film in a five-picture deal with Marvel.[35][36] He headlined Black Panther in 2018,[37] which focused on his character and his home country of Wakanda in Africa. The film opened to great anticipation, becoming one of the highest-grossing films of the year in the United States. He reprised the role in both Avengers: Infinity War and Avengers: Endgame, which were released in 2018 and 2019, respectively. Both films were the highest grossing of the year they were released, with Endgame going on to become the highest-grossing film of all time.[38] Also in 2019, he starred in 21 Bridges, an American action thriller film directed by Brian Kirk, as an NYPD detective who shuts down the eponymous 21 bridges of Manhattan to find two suspected cop killers.

In 2019, it was announced that Boseman was cast in the Netflix war drama film Da 5 Bloods, directed by Spike Lee.[39] The film was released on June 12, 2020.[40] Lee, in choosing Boseman for the divine like character of 'Stormin' Norman said, "This character is heroic; he's a superhero. Who do we cast? We cast Jackie Robinson, James Brown, Thurgood Marshall, and we cast T'Challa."[41]

Legacy

According to film critic Owen Gleiberman in Variety, "Boseman was a virtuoso actor who had the rare ability to create a character from the outside in and the inside out [and he] knew how to fuse with a role, etching it in three dimensions [...] That's what made him an artist, and a movie star, too. Yet in Black Panther, he also became that rare thing, a culture hero".[42] The Guardian critic Peter Bradshaw wrote of the actor's "beauty, his grace, his style, his presence [...] These made up Chadwick Boseman's persona [and he became] the lost prince of American cinema[,] glorious and inspirational".[43]

Personal life

Boseman began dating singer Taylor Simone Ledward in 2015.[44] The two reportedly got engaged by October 2019, and they later married in secret, as revealed by Boseman's family in a statement announcing his death.[45][44]

Boseman was raised a Christian and was baptized. He was part of a church choir and youth group and his former pastor said that he still kept his faith.[46] Boseman had stated that he prayed to be the Black Panther before he was cast as the titular character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[47]

Death

Boseman was diagnosed with stage III colon cancer in 2016, which eventually progressed to stage IV before 2020.[10] He had never spoken publicly about his cancer diagnosis. During treatment, involving multiple surgeries and chemotherapy, he continued to work and completed production for several films, including Marshall, Da 5 Bloods, Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, and others. Boseman died at his home as a result of complications related to colon cancer on August 28, 2020, with his wife and family by his side.[6][48]

Earlier in the year, fans had expressed concern for Boseman's health after he posted an Instagram video where he appeared to have lost weight.[49]

Response

Many fellow actors and other celebrities paid tribute to Boseman via social media following the announcement of his death, including a number of his co-stars from Black Panther and the Avengers films. Marvel Studios president and CCO Kevin Feige called Boseman's death "absolutely devastating", writing: "Each time he stepped on set, he radiated charisma and joy, and each time he appeared on screen, he created something truly indelible [...] Now he takes his place [as] an icon for the ages".[50][51] Co-stars from Boseman's other films also paid tribute to him.[52] His death also drew responses from the political realm including former President Barack Obama and former First Lady Michelle Obama with Mr. Obama writing, "To be young, gifted, and Black; to use that power to give them heroes to look up to; to do it all while in pain – what a use of his years.”[53] Additionally, the 2020 Democratic presidential ticket nominees Joe Biden and Kamala Harris paid tribute to Boseman. On Twitter, Biden wrote: "The true power of Chadwick Boseman was bigger than anything we saw on screen. From the Black Panther to Jackie Robinson, he inspired generations and showed them they can be anything they want — even superheroes. Jill and I are praying for his loved ones at this difficult time." Harris, who was also the subject of Boseman's final tweet, posted a statement mourning the loss.[54][55] On August 29, 2020, the day after Boseman died, the final tweet from his account became the most-liked tweet ever, with over 6 million likes in under 24 hours. It had been posted by his family in the evening of August 28 to announce his death.[56]

Various other actors, musicians and public figures paid tribute, particularly from the Black community.[57][58][59][60][61] His death was compared to other unexpected deaths of young Black celebrities in 2020, particularly Kobe Bryant, Naya Rivera, and Pop Smoke;[62][63][64] Us Weekly listed Boseman's death (and Rivera's and Bryant's) as one of the "most shocking celebrity deaths of all time".[65]

Howard University, his alma mater, posted a statement to their Twitter from Howard's president, Wayne A. I. Frederick.[66] Major League Baseball[67] and the Los Angeles Dodgers, the franchise for whom Jackie Robinson played when they were in their former home of Brooklyn, New York, issued statements honoring Boseman, due to his notable portrayal of the player.[68] Several publications also noted that Boseman died on Jackie Robinson Day seven years after portraying Robinson himself.[69][70] South Carolina Governor Henry McMaster ordered the Statehouse flags be lowered to half-staff on August 30, 2020, in honor of Boseman.[71]

Filmography

Key
Denotes productions that have not yet been released Denotes productions that have not yet been released
Film
Year Title Role Director Notes Ref.
2008 The Express: The Ernie Davis Story Floyd Little Gary Fleder [72]
2012 The Kill Hole Lt. Samuel Drake Mischa Webley [73]
2013 42 Jackie Robinson Brian Helgeland [72]
2014 Draft Day Vontae Mack Ivan Reitman [74]
2014 Get on Up James Brown Tate Taylor [72]
2016 Gods of Egypt Thoth Alex Proyas [75]
2016 Captain America: Civil War T'Challa / Black Panther Anthony & Joe Russo [76]
2016 Message from the King Jacob King Fabrice Du Welz Also executive producer [77]
2017 Marshall Thurgood Marshall Reginald Hudlin Also co-producer [78]
2018 Black Panther T'Challa / Black Panther Ryan Coogler [79]
2018 Avengers: Infinity War T'Challa / Black Panther Anthony & Joe Russo [80]
2019 Avengers: Endgame T'Challa / Black Panther Anthony & Joe Russo [81]
2019 21 Bridges Andre Davis Brian Kirk Also producer [82]
2020 Da 5 Bloods Norman Earl "Stormin' Norm" Holloway Spike Lee [83]
TBA Ma Rainey's Black Bottom dagger Levee George C. Wolfe Post-production; posthumous release [84]
Television
Year Title Role Notes Ref.
2003 All My Children Reggie Porter Recurring role [24]
2003 Third Watch David Wafer Episode: "In Lieu of Johnson" [85]
2004 Law & Order Foster Keyes Episode: "Can I Get a Witness?" [85]
2006 CSI: NY Rondo Episode: "Heroes" [86]
2008 ER Derek Taylor Episode: "Oh, Brother" [85]
2008 Cold Case Dexter Collins Episode: "Street Money" [85]
2008–2009 Lincoln Heights Nathaniel "Nate" Ray 9 episodes [87]
2009 Lie to Me Cabe McNeil Episode: "Truth or Consequences" [88]
2010 Persons Unknown Sergeant McNair 13 episodes [86]
2010 The Glades Michael Richmond Episode: "Honey" [89][90]
2011 Castle Chuck Russell Episode: "Poof, You're Dead" [86]
2011 Fringe Mark Little / Cameron James Episode: "Subject 9" [91]
2011 Detroit 1-8-7 Tommy Westin Episode: "Beaten/Cover Letter" [92]
2011 Justified Ralph Beeman Episode: "For Blood or Money" [86]
2018 Saturday Night Live Himself Episode: "Chadwick Boseman/Cardi B" [93]
2021 What If...? dagger T'Challa / Black Panther / Star-Lord Guest voice role; posthumous release [94]

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Nominated work Result Ref.
2017 Saturn Awards Best Supporting Actor Captain America: Civil War Nominated [95]
2018 MTV Movie & TV Awards Best Performance in a Movie Black Panther Won [96]
Best Hero Won
Best Fight (Black Panther vs M'Baku) Nominated
Best On-Screen Team (with Lupita Nyong'o, Letitia Wright and Danai Gurira) Nominated
2018 Saturn Awards Best Actor Nominated [97]
2019 Screen Actors Guild Awards Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture Won [98]
2019 NAACP Image Awards Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture Won [99]
Entertainer of the Year Nominated
2020 Outstanding Actor in a Motion Picture 21 Bridges Nominated [100]

Notes

  1. Sources conflict on whether Boseman was born in 1976 or 1977; the most reliable and relevant sources agree on 1976.[1][2][3][4]

References

  1. Berry, S. Torriano; Berry, Venise T. (2015). Historical Dictionary of African American Cinema. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 69. ISBN 9781442247024. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020. BOSEMAN, CHADWICK (1976– ) ... He was born in Anderson, South Carolina, and is a graduate of T.L. Hannah High School and Howard University.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Today in entertainment history: Nov. 29". Bellingham, Washington: KGMI. November 29, 2018. Archived from the original on June 14, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020. Actor Chadwick Boseman ("Black Panther") is 42.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Rose, Tammy (October 29, 2014). "Chadwick Boseman Signed To Five Marvel Studio Movies As The Black Panther". Inquisitr. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020. Chadwick Boseman was born on November 29, 1976.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Nov. 29, 2017". United Press International. November 29, 2017. Archived from the original on July 2, 2019. Retrieved July 2, 2019. Chadwick Boseman in 1976 (age 41)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Chadwick Boseman (@chadwickboseman) • Instagram photos and videos". instagram.com. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. 6.0 6.1 Pearson, Ryan (August 29, 2020). "'Black Panther' star Chadwick Boseman dies of cancer at 43". APnews.com. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Maxouris, Christina; Vera, Amir (August 29, 2020). "'Black Panther' star Chadwick Boseman has died". CNN. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "'Black Panther' star Chadwick Boseman passes away at 43". The Economic Times. August 28, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 Holsey, Steve (August 6, 2014). "Star On The Rise: Chadwick Boseman". Michigan Chronicle. Detroit, Michigan. Archived from the original on August 4, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Ugwu, Reggie; Levenson, Michael (August 28, 2020). "'Black Panther' Star Chadwick Boseman Dies of Cancer at 43". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "SC natives star in Jackie Robinson biopic "42". Myrtle Beach, South Carolina: WMBF-TV. April 13, 2013. Archived from the original on June 14, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020. Boseman was born and raised in Anderson, where he attended T.L Hanna High School.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "'Black Panther' star buys hundreds of movie tickets for underprivileged children". WTIC-TV. February 20, 2018. Archived from the original on June 14, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020. Boseman was born and raised in Anderson...<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Field, Carla (March 7, 2018). "'Black Panther' star talks about racism he experienced growing up in Anderson". Greenville, South Carolina: WYFF. Archived from the original on June 15, 2020. Retrieved June 14, 2020. He was born and raised in Anderson, where he attended T.L Hanna High School.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Alexander, Bryan (January 31, 2018). "The best things you missed at the 'Black Panther' party (Usher dancing on the tables!)". USA Today. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Barrow, Jerry L. (February 2018). "Father Stretch My Hands: 'Black Panther' & Raising Our Sons To Shine". BET. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 Eells, Josh (February 18, 2018). "The 'Black Panther' Revolution". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 25, 2018. Retrieved February 21, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Hanna Grad Chad Boseman Plays Jackie Robinson in '42'" (PDF). Parent Newsletter (47). T. L. Hanna High School. April 11, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 4, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. 18.0 18.1 Jenkins, Mark (April 11, 2013). "Jackie Robinson film '42' opens, starring Howard graduate Chadwick Boseman". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on June 5, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. McDonald, Soraya Nadia (October 29, 2014). "Everything you need to know about Chadwick Boseman — Marvel's new superhero, Black Panther". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 10, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  20. "Behind The Black Panther: Film School Founder Recalls Early Days Of Chadwick Boseman". Forbes. Archived from the original on July 13, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. Jain, Sara McDermott (March 18, 2014). "DFA Grad Chadwick Boseman to Play James Brown in Biopic". Digital Film Academy. Archived from the original on December 22, 2017. Retrieved December 22, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. Rose, Steve (November 20, 2014). "I got the feelin' – Chadwick Boseman on playing James Brown". The Guardian. UK. Archived from the original on June 12, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. Colbert, Stephen (May 17, 2018). "Chadwick Boseman On Bringing Humanity To 'Black Panther'". The Late Show with Stephen Colbert (Interview). New York City. Archived from the original on May 23, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. 24.0 24.1 Pond, Steve (January 2, 2019). "'Black Panther' Stars Chadwick Boseman and Michael B Jordan Recall Playing the Same Role on 'All My Children'". The Wrap. Archived from the original on April 30, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. Wood, Jennifer (October 28, 2013). "10 Actors Who Have Gone From Supporting Role to Leading Man in 2013: Chadwick Boseman". Complex. Archived from the original on October 13, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Gregory, Sean (February 21, 2013). "Going Places With Chadwick Boseman". Time. Archived from the original on March 2, 2016. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Miller, Julie (April 12, 2013). "'42' Star Chadwick Boseman on Playing Jackie Robinson, Copying His Baseball Moves, and Being Stood Up by the President". Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. Riley, Daniel (September 2014). "The Surprisingly Sudden Arrival of Chadwick Boseman". GQ. Archived from the original on February 18, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Herndon, Jessica (April 8, 2013). "Chadwick Boseman: The Distinguished Rise of Cinema's Next Champion". Flaunt. Archived from the original on February 18, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Coyle, Jack (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman didn't just play icons. He was one". Associated Press. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Yamato, Jenn (February 14, 2013). "Indie Vendetta Pic With Parallels To Christopher Dorner Saga Gets Release Date". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on June 23, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. Kaye, Don (April 11, 2014). "Chadwick Boseman on 'Draft Day,' Sports Legends, and Becoming James Brown". Moviefone. Archived from the original on January 8, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. Stern, Marlow (August 4, 2014). "'Get on Up' Star Chadwick Boseman on Becoming James Brown—With A Little Help From Mick Jagger". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  34. Fleming, Mike Jr. (January 30, 2014). "Chadwick Boseman Set For Summit's 'Gods Of Egypt'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 25, 2017. Retrieved April 29, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  35. Strom, Marc (October 8, 2015). "Marvel Studios Phase 3 Update". Marvel Entertainment. Archived from the original on January 16, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  36. Strom, Marc (October 28, 2014). "Chadwick Boseman to Star in Marvel's Black Panther". Marvel Entertainment. Archived from the original on October 28, 2014. Retrieved October 28, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  37. Strom, Marc (February 10, 2015). "Marvel Studios Schedules New Release Dates for 4 Films". Marvel Entertainment. Archived from the original on February 13, 2015. Retrieved February 9, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. "Marvel's 'Black Panther' Will Set Up 'Avengers: Infinity War,' Says Kevin Feige". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 31, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. Hipes, Patrick (February 12, 2019). "Chadwick Boseman Joins Spike Lee's 'Da 5 Bloods' At Netflix". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Archived from the original on February 13, 2019. Retrieved June 11, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. Sharf, Zack (May 7, 2020). "Spike Lee's 'Da 5 Bloods' to Stream on Netflix in June, but It's Still Eligible for Oscars". IndieWire. Archived from the original on May 7, 2020. Retrieved June 11, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. Arkin, Daniel (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman played icons — and became one". NBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. Gleiberman, Owen (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman: An Acting Virtuoso Who Could Do Just About Anything". Variety. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  43. Bradshaw, Peter (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman: the unbearable loss of a prince of American cinema". The Guardian. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  44. 44.0 44.1 Young, Sarah (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman and girlfriend privately married before his death". The Independent. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  45. Villarreal, Daniel (August 28, 2020). "Who Is Chadwick Boseman's Wife, Taylor Simone Ledward?". Newsweek. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  46. Remien, Shale. "Anderson native Chadwick Boseman stars as the Black Panther: Local pastor reacts". Greenville, South Carolina: WHNS. Archived from the original on February 25, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  47. Watson, Elliot. "Chadwick Boseman on Black Panther and the healing power of cinema". HungerTV.com. London: Hunger Publishing Ltd. Archived from the original on February 16, 2018. Retrieved February 16, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  48. Pearson, Ryan (August 28, 2020). "'Black Panther' star Chadwick Boseman dies of cancer at 43". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 28, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  49. Sarkisian, Jacob (August 28, 2020). "Fans expressed their concern for 'Black Panther' star Chadwick Boseman months before his death after he appeared in a video that revealed his dramatic weight loss". Insider. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  50. Russian, Ale (August 28, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman's Avengers Costars Mark Ruffalo, Brie Larson & Chris Evans Mourn Him: 'Rest In Power'". People. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  51. Calvario, Liz (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman Dead at 43: Celebs Honor 'Black Panther' Star". Entertainment Tonight. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  52. Namako, Tom (August 29, 2020). "Hollywood, Celebrities, Sports Stars, Politicians, And More Are Mourning The Death Of Chadwick Boseman". BuzzFeed News. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  53. "Barack and Michelle Obama Praise Chadwick Boseman for Bringing Heroism to Life 'While in Pain'". People. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  54. Patten, Dominic (August 28, 2020). "Hollywood reeling over Chadwick Boseman; Ava DuVernay, Denzel Washington, Bob Iger, Barry Jenkins, Joe Biden, Marvel's Kevin Feige, Kamala Harris & others mourn". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  55. Brown, Tracy (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman tributes: 'He left too early but his life made a difference'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  56. Del Rosario, Alexandra (August 29, 2020). "Twitter Crowns Chadwick Boseman's Last Post Most Liked Tweet Ever: "A Tribute Fit For a King"". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  57. Contreras, Cydney (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman dead at 43: Chris Pratt, Octavia Spencer and more react". E!. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  58. Malkin, Marc (August 29, 2020). "Hollywood reacts to Chadwick Boseman's death: 'This is a crushing blow,' says Jordan Peele". Variety. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  59. Beresford, Trilby (August 29, 2020). "Hollywood Pays Tribute to "Brilliant, Beautiful" Chadwick Boseman". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  60. Derschowitz, Jessica (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman tributes pour in from Marvel stars and more: 'Your greatness was only beginning'". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  61. Duncan, Phil; Slater, Luke (August 29, 2020). "Lewis Hamilton storms to Belgian Grand Prix pole position as Ferrari endure miserable day". The Daily Telegraph.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  62. "Chadwick Boseman's Passing Has Fans Mourning His and Kobe Bryant's Deaths". Pop Culture. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  63. "First Kobe Bryant, now Chadwick Boseman: Twitter mourns loss of superstars in 2020". Republic World. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  64. "Famosos lamentam morte de Chadwick Boseman, o 'Pantera Negra', aos 42 anos". Terra (in português). Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  65. "Most Shocking Celebrity Deaths of All Time". Us Weekly. August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 30, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  66. McNally, Brian (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman, star of the film '42', dies on Jackie Robinson Day". NBC Sports Washington. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  67. "Boseman, who starred as Jackie Robinson, dies". ESPN. August 29, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  68. Calvario, Liz (August 29, 2020). "Dodgers Honor Chadwick Boseman as They Celebrate Jackie Robinson Day". Entertainment Tonight. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  69. Russian, Ale (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman Died on Jackie Robinson Day 7 Years After He Played the Sports Legend in 42". People. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  70. Quinn, Sam (August 29, 2020). "Chadwick Boseman, Hollywood star and lead actor in '42,' dies at age 43 on MLB's Jackie Robinson Day". CBS Sports. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  71. Bean, Riley (August 29, 2020). "Gov. McMaster orders flags to be lowered to half-staff for actor Chadwick Boseman". WIS (TV). Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  72. 72.0 72.1 72.2 Coyle, Jake (July 28, 2014). "A double-header of biopics for Chadwick Boseman". Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  73. Olsen, Mark (March 21, 2013). "Review: 'Kill Hole' a muddled thriller about war veterans". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  74. McKittrick, Chris (April 14, 2014). "Chadwick Boseman on Why 'Draft Day' is Different from his Other Sports Movies". Daily Actor. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  75. "Gods of Egypt (2016)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on January 6, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  76. "Captain America Civil War (2016)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on June 8, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  77. Debruge, Peter (September 9, 2016). "Film Review: 'Message from the King'". Variety. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  78. "Marshall (2017)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  79. "Black Panther (2018)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  80. "Avengers Infinity War (2018)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on June 8, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  81. "Avengers Endgame (2019)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on July 7, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  82. "21 Bridges (2019)". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  83. "Da 5 Bloods". British Film Institute. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  84. "Viola Davis, Chadwick Boseman star in Netflix's 'Ma Rainey's Black Bottom'". NBC News. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  85. 85.0 85.1 85.2 85.3 "AP: Anderson County native and 'Black Panther' actor Chadwick Boseman dies at 43". Anderson Independent Mail. August 29, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  86. 86.0 86.1 86.2 86.3 Schillaci, Sophie (April 19, 2013). "'42's' Chadwick Boseman: 'I Would Love to Play Jimi Hendrix'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  87. Maldonado, Jennifer (February 18, 2018). "Pre Black Panther, Chadwick Boseman Was Nate On Lincoln Heights". Life & Style. Archived from the original on June 25, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  88. Murray, Noel (October 5, 2009). "Lie To Me: "Truth Or Consequences"". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on November 16, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  89. "Chadwick Boseman". Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020 – via Facebook.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  90. "'Black Panther' star Chadwick Boseman dead at 43". BlackburnNews. August 28, 2020. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  91. Murray, Noel (October 14, 2011). "Fringe: "Subject 9"". The AV Club. Archived from the original on November 16, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  92. TV News Desk. "DETROIT 1-8-7 Preview: February 1 on ABC". BroadwayWorld. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  93. Holub, Christian (April 8, 2018). "'Saturday Night Live' recap: Black Panther comes to 30 Rock". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 13, 2019. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  94. Salazar, Andrew J. (September 6, 2019). "'What If...?' Showrunner Ashley Bradley Talks 'Trollhunters', The Beginning Of 'What If…?', Captain Carter, The Watcher & Star-Lord T'Challa (Exclusive)". Discussing Film. Archived from the original on September 22, 2019. Retrieved September 27, 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  95. McNary, Dave (March 2, 2017). "'Rogue One,' 'Walking Dead' Lead Saturn Awards Nominations". Variety. Archived from the original on March 3, 2017. Retrieved March 3, 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  96. Schulman, Alissa. "2018 MTV Movie & TV Award Winners: See The Full List". MTV News. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  97. Hammond, Pete (June 28, 2018). "'Black Panther' Tops 44th Saturn Awards With Five; 'Blade Runner 2049' , 'Shape Of Water', 'Get Out' Also Score". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on June 28, 2018. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  98. "SAG awards 2019: Black Panther wins top prize at SAG awards". BBC News. January 28, 2019. Archived from the original on January 20, 2020. Retrieved August 28, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  99. Grossman, Lena (March 31, 2019). "NAACP Image Awards 2019 Winners: The Complete List". E!. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  100. "'When They See Us,' 'Dolemite,' 'Us,' 'Queen & Slim' Lead 51st NAACP Image Awards Nominees". Indie Wire. January 9, 2020. Archived from the original on May 15, 2020. Retrieved August 28, 2020.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links