|Birth name||Rosalino Sánchez Félix|
|Also known as||El Pelavacas, El Rey Del Corrido, Chalino|
August 30, 1960|
El Rancho de Las Flechas, Sinaloa, Mexico
|Died||May 16, 1992
Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
Rosalino"Chalino" Sánchez (August 30, 1960 – May 16, 1992) was a Mexican singer and songwriter perhaps best known for his narcocorrido recordings. On May 16, 1992, he was murdered in Culiacán, the capital city of the Pacific coastal state of Sinaloa, Mexico. Since his death, his fame and recordings have grown in popularity.
Sánchez was born in and raised in Las Flechas, a very small community known as a "rancho" located in the municipality of Culiacán in Sinaloa, Mexico. His father, Santos Sánchez, and mother, Sannorina Felix, had nine children: Armando, Chalino, Sergio, Espiridión, Francisco, Juana, Lázaro, Lucas, and Régulo. From an early age, Sánchez experienced poverty and tragedy. At the age of 6, his father died, and his sister, Juana, was raped by a local "mafioso"(gangster) At the age of 15 Rosalino was at a local party and encountered the rapist. He walked up to him without saying a word and shot him to death. He would later immigrate to the US state of California to escape Mexican authorities.
1977: Arrival to the United States
In 1977, Sánchez and a close friend immigrated to the American state of California with the aid of a human trafficker known as a coyote. Upon his arrival, he began working in the fields of Coachella Valley as well as performing odd jobs. While concentrating on his regular business, Sánchez's sister, Juana Sánchez, introduced him to Marisela Vallejos Felix who would later give birth to two of his children, Adán Sánchez Vallejos and Cynthia Sánchez Vallejos. Marisela is from the Mexican border town of Mexicali, Baja California.
Late 1980s: Beginning of a new career
One day while at work, Sánchez was introduced to a man by the name of Ángel Parra, who became interested in his musical talents after hearing a small performance. Ángel Parra arranged for Sánchez to have a meeting at his studio, Angel Studios, and began recording his first demo cassette with a norteño group named Los Cuatro de la Frontera. Various corridos recorded were "Armando Sánchez" ‒ a tribute to his murdered brother, "El Sapo", "Beto López", and "Los Sinaloenses." Ironically, Parra first thought Sánchez's voice was unsuitable for basic norteño music, but after Sánchez released his first demo, his popularity began to grow in the Latino community.
By 1989, Sánchez was recognized throughout California and requests were flowing in for him to sing in various venues being paid in a variety of ways including cash, clothing, vehicles, and guns.
Early 1990s: Rising fame
In the early 1990s, Sánchez began performing in various California nightclubs including El Farallón in Lynwood, California; and El Parral Nightclub, a particularly notorious club located in South Gate, California, which was managed by the South Los Angeles street gang, Florencia 13 (F13). He also performed at the Keystone Ford Show and Noches de Taconazo.
He recorded with various bands like Banda Santa Cruz and Banda Sinaloense. At about this time, he switched bands and formed Los Amables del Norte, producing some of his best songs while associated with them. He signed with various record labels including Discos Linda, Cintas Acuario, RR, Balboa/Edimusa, and Musart.
He made his breakthrough in terms of publicity on January 20, 1992. That evening, he was performing at a club in Coachella, California, when a patron came up to the stage, pulled a gun, and shot Sánchez in the side. Sánchez immediately pulled out a gun of his own and returned fire. By the end of the evening, the would-be killer was shot to death with his own gun, one other person died on the way to a hospital, and at least five others were wounded. (It was generally believed in Sinaloa that the death toll was higher.)
The shooting made headlines in regional English-language newspapers, not just Spanish-language ones, and even made ABC's World News Tonight. At his next Los Angeles-area appearance, the turnout was so large that the venue, El Parral, had to close its doors at 6 pm, at least five hours before he was scheduled to take the stage.
On May 16, 1992, Chalino was at concert in Culiacan. There he received a letter with a death threat. While Sánchez was being chauffeured in the early morning hours through the streets of Sinaloa, the capital city of Culiacán, he was pulled over by an unmarked Chevy Suburban presumed to be a federal police vehicle. There, the people forced Chalino to go with them saying their boss wanted to see him. Later that morning, Sánchez's lifeless body was discovered with two execution-style gunshot wounds to the back of the head. Chalino Sánchez is buried at El Rancho Los Vacitos in the small town of Las Tapias, Sinaloa, Mexico.
- 1990 Nieves De Enero Con Los Amables Del Norte
- 1995 Chalino Sánchez Con Banda Brava
- 1995 Más Éxitos Con Chalino Sánchez
- 1995 Vaquero's Musical
- 1996 15 Éxitos 15
- 1996 Chalino Sánchez Con Los Amables Del Norte
- 2001 Canta Corridos Al Estilo Culiacan
- 2002 Colección De Oro, Vol.1
- 2002 Corridos De Los Felix Y Los Quintero
- 2002 Mis Mejores Canciones
- 2003 Cantando Con Sus Amigos
- 2005 Corridas Con Banda
- 2006 Historia Musical
- 2007 20 Éxitos Inmortales
- 2007 Duranguense Con Banda Brava
- 2009 20-20
- Quinones, Sam. (2001). True Tales from Another Mexico: The Lynch Mob, the Popsicle King, Chalino and the Bronx" University of New Mexico Press www.samquinones.com