A royal chapel may also be a body of clergy or musicians serving at a royal court or employed by a monarch.
German language countries
The first noble or royal court orchestras in German language regions, most of which were founded in the sixteenth century, were called Hofkapelle. When the noble and royal courts dissipated the name was often replaced by Staatskapelle ("State Chapel"), usually indicating an orchestra with a prior tradition as Hofkapelle.
Other European royal courts
Choir of the Chapel Royal, Copenhagen.
The musical establishment attached to the royal chapel of the French kings, the Chapel Royal was founded in the time of the Merovingian kings and reached its zenith under the Old Regime. Under the direction of a clergyman, the Master of the Chapel, the staff included undermasters in charge of rehearsals and the composition of royal masses, an organist, cornetists and around thirty singers and choristers, as well as masters who taught music to the children.
The establishment grew during the reign of Louis XIV to include castrati and women, and the many instruments needed to perform motets. By the death of King Louis XIV, in 1715, the Chapel Royal had a total of 110 singers (sopranos, castrati, haute-contres, tenors, baritones and bass) and 20 instrumentalists (violin and viola, bass violin, theorbo, flute, oboe, bass cromorne, serpent and bassoon)
Chapelle du château de Versailles
Formerly, the Flemish chapel was used separately by the Spanish kings and queens (who also ruled parts of the Low Countries in the 16th century) through the reigns of Charles V, Philip II, Philip III, and Philip IV, until 1637, when it was merged into the capilla real española.
Other courts, like the Imperial ones, could have court chapels similar to the Royal ones.
- "Denmark". Crescendi.org. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
- Ruiz-Jiménez, Juan (2001). "The Mid-Sixteenth-Century Franco-Flemish Chanson in Spain. The Evidence of Ms. 975 of the Manuel de Falla Library". Tijdschrift van de Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis. Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis. 51 (1): 25. JSTOR 939226.
- "Sweden". Royalcourt.se. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
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