Charles Cox (brewer)

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Sir Charles Cox (1660–1729) was an English brewer and Whig Member of Parliament for Southwark from 1695 to 1712. For many years afterwards the MP for Southwark would generally be a brewer.

In 1709 he began to offer German Protestant refugees from the Palatinate ("Palatines") living space in his warehouses. Soon there were nearly fourteen hundred, and the residents of Southwark gave a petition to Parliament to have them removed.[1]

When the Duke of Marlborough returned to the United Kingdom shortly after the death of Queen Anne in 1714, Sir Charles led the procession into London on 16 August [O.S. 5 August] 1714, earning him a place in a satire by Ned Ward.[2] Not long afterwards a fire in his warehouses lost him thousands of pounds.[3] He was appointed High Sheriff of Surrey for 1717–18. [4] He was ruined in the South Sea Bubble of 1720.

In 1734 the case of Lady Cox was heard and it was put on record that he had been a bigamist.[5]


  1. Thomas Allen, Nathaniel Whittock. History of the County of Surrey. Hinton, 1831. Page 137.
  2. Howard William Troyer. Ned Ward of Grub Street: a study of sub-literary London in the eighteenth century. Routledge, 1968. Page 104.
  3. Petition by Sir Charles Cox to Parliament
  4. "COX, Charles (d. 1729), of Hay's Wharf, Mill Lane, St. Olave's, Southwark, Surr". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 10 June 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Reports of cases argued and determined in the High Court of Chancery: and of some special cases adjudged in the Court of King's Bench [1695-1735], Volume 3. Edited by W. P. Williams et al. J. Butterworth and Son, 1826. Page 339.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Arnold
Anthony Bowyer
Member of Parliament for Southwark
With: Anthony Bowyer
John Cholmley
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for Southwark
With: John Cholmley
Edmund Halsey
Sir George Matthews
Succeeded by
John Lade
Fisher Tench