Chautauqua County, Kansas

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Chautauqua County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Chautauqua County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 25, 1875
Named for Chautauqua County, New York
Seat Sedan
Largest city Sedan
Area
 • Total 645 sq mi (1,671 km2)
 • Land 639 sq mi (1,655 km2)
 • Water 5.9 sq mi (15 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 3,669
 • Density 5.7/sq mi (2/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website County Website

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Chautauqua County (county code CQ) is a county located in Southeast Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,669.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Sedan.[2] Chautauqua County is named for Chautauqua County, New York, the birthplace of Edward Jaquins, a Kansas politician who was instrumental in getting the county established.[3]

History

The first white settlers in the area that became Chautauqua County arrived in July 1868.[citation needed]

Chautauqua County was created by an act of the Kansas legislature on June 1, 1875 by the division of Howard County into Elk County (the northern half) and Chautauqua County (the southern half). At the time of its creation, the county's population was about 7,400.[citation needed]

Law and government

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Chautauqua County remained a prohibition, or "dry", county, until 2008' when a county wide ballot measure was approved to allow individual liquor sales with a 30 percent food requirement[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 645 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 639 square miles (1,660 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (0.9%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas,[6] U.S. Census Bureau[7]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 11,072 [8]
1890 12,297 11.1%
1900 11,804 −4.0%
1910 11,429 −3.2%
1920 11,598 1.5%
1930 10,352 −10.7%
1940 9,233 −10.8%
1950 7,376 −20.1%
1960 5,956 −19.3%
1970 4,642 −22.1%
1980 5,016 8.1%
1990 4,407 −12.1%
2000 4,359 −1.1%
2010 3,669 −15.8%
Est. 2014 3,481 −5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 4,359 people, 1,796 households, and 1,235 families residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 2,169 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.83% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 3.58% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.35% of the population.

There were 1,796 households out of which 26.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.20% were non-families. 29.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 20.90% from 25 to 44, 25.20% from 45 to 64, and 24.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 93.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,717, and the median income for a family was $33,871. Males had a median income of $25,083 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,280. About 9.00% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.80% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Unified school districts

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Chautauqua County (map legend)

Cities

Unincorporated communities

  • Boston (no longer exists)[14]
  • Cloverdale
  • Grafton
  • Hale
  • Hewins
  • Jonesburg (originally spelled Jonesburgh)[15]
  • Layton (no longer exists)[16]
  • Leeds (no longer exists)
  • Lowe (Gibbs)
  • Matanzas (no longer exists)[17]
  • Monett
  • Moore (no longer exists)
  • Osro (no longer exists)
  • Rogers
  • Wauneta

Townships

Chautauqua County is divided into twelve townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Belleville 05575 675 4 (11) 155 (60) 0 (0) 0.14% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Caneyville 10425 88 1 (2) 144 (55) 1 (0) 0.38% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Center 11575 75 1 (1) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.80% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Harrison 30275 114 1 (2) 142 (55) 0 (0) 0.14% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Hendricks 31300 179 1 (3) 142 (55) 0 (0) 0.05% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Jefferson 35125 Cedar Vale 834 6 (15) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.45% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Lafayette 37650 65 0 (1) 154 (59) 2 (1) 1.40% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Little Caney 41525 353 3 (8) 117 (45) 0 (0) 0.31% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Salt Creek 62775 123 1 (3) 127 (49) 0 (0) 0.34% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Sedan 63775 Sedan 1,660 13 (34) 128 (49) 1 (0) 0.65% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Summit 69025 106 1 (2) 144 (56) 1 (0) 0.40% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Washington 75550 87 1 (2) 121 (47) 1 (0) 0.71% Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Chautauqua County, Kansas". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 6 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. National Atlas
  7. U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  8. The counties of Chautauqua and Elk were organized from parts of Howard County in 1875. The census populations for Howard were 2,794 in 1870 and 19 in 1860.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 22, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. pp. 250–251. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 6 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 493. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. Rydjord, John (1972). Kansas Place-Names. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma. p. 96. ISBN 0-8061-0994-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

External links

County
Maps