Chester County, Tennessee

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Chester County, Tennessee
Chester county tennessee courthouse.jpg
Chester County Courthouse in Henderson, 2003
Map of Tennessee highlighting Chester County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1882
Named for Robert Chester[1]
Seat Henderson
Largest city Henderson
 • Total 286 sq mi (741 km2)
 • Land 286 sq mi (741 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.08%
 • (2010) 17,131
 • Density 60/sq mi (23/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Chester County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,131.[2] Its county seat is Henderson.[3] The county was created in 1879 and organized in 1882.[1][4]

Chester County is included in the Jackson, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area.


Chester County was the last county formed in Tennessee, created by the General Assembly in 1875 from adjacent parts of neighboring Hardeman, Henderson, McNairy, and Madison counties. This land was used to create a county named Wisdom County, but "Wisdom County" was never organized, and in March 1879 the Assembly repealed this and created Chester County out of the same land. Lawsuits by opponents of the creation of the new county delayed actual organization until 1882.[1] Chester County was named for Colonel Robert I. Chester, a quartermaster in the War of 1812, an early postmaster in Jackson, and a federal marshal.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 286 square miles (740 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.08%) is water.[5]

Adjacent Counties

State protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 9,069
1900 9,869 8.8%
1910 9,090 −7.9%
1920 9,669 6.4%
1930 10,603 9.7%
1940 11,124 4.9%
1950 11,149 0.2%
1960 9,569 −14.2%
1970 9,927 3.7%
1980 12,727 28.2%
1990 12,819 0.7%
2000 15,540 21.2%
2010 17,131 10.2%
Est. 2014 17,379 [6] 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid Chester County[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 15,540 people, 5,660 households, and 4,199 families residing in the county. The population density was 54 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 6,178 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.13% White(non-Hispanic), 10.03% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

As of 2000 there were 5,660 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.00% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,349, and the median income for a family was $41,127. Males had a median income of $31,378 versus $21,615 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,756. About 11.10% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.50% of those under age 18 and 15.30% of those age 65 or over.


There are six schools in the Chester County School District. Chester County High School serves the whole county and holds grades 9-12. Chester County Junior High School holds grades 6 through 8 for the entire county. Chester County Middle School serves the whole county's students in grades 4 and 5. East Chester County Elementary School, West Chester County Elementary School, and Jacks Creek Elementary School all hold kindergarten through 3rd grade.[13]


In popular culture

  • Country musician Eddy Arnold, a native of Henderson, titled his 1969 autobiography It's A Long Way From Chester County.
  • The 1973 movie Walking Tall was filmed in Henderson and elsewhere in Chester County, including important scenes filmed in the county courthouse; many local residents served as extras or played bit parts.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Tara Mitchell Mielnik, "Chester County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 23 June 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 29, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Tennessee: Individual County Chronologies". Tennessee Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 2, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Based on 2000 census data
  12. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. School Tree. "Schools in Chester County, Tennessee". Retrieved 2008-05-29.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

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