Chicot County, Arkansas

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Chicot County, Arkansas
File:Chicot County Courthouse 001.jpg
Chicot County Courthouse in Lake Village
Map of Arkansas highlighting Chicot County
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded October 25, 1823
Seat Lake Village
Largest city Dermott
 • Total 691 sq mi (1,790 km2)
 • Land 644 sq mi (1,668 km2)
 • Water 47 sq mi (122 km2), 6.7%
 • (2010) 11,800
 • Density 18/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Chicot County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,800.[1] The county seat is Lake Village.[2] Chicot County is Arkansas's tenth county, formed on October 25, 1823, and named after Point Chicot on the Mississippi River. It is part of the Arkansas Delta, historically important for cotton cultivation.

Landmarks around the county include Lake Chicot, North America's largest oxbow lake and Arkansas's largest natural lake; the site of Charles Lindbergh's first night-time flight; and the legendary burial site of Hernando De Soto, near Lake Village.


Prior to the American Civil War of 1861-1865, the county was home to several Southern plantations: the Sunnyside Plantation, Florence, Patria, Pastoria, Luna, and the Lakeport Plantation.[3]

During the war, Union and Confederate forces fought at the Battle of Old River Lake from June 5 to June 6, 1864.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 691 square miles (1,790 km2), of which 644 square miles (1,670 km2) is land and 47 square miles (120 km2) (6.7%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,165
1840 3,806 226.7%
1850 5,115 34.4%
1860 9,234 80.5%
1870 7,214 −21.9%
1880 10,117 40.2%
1890 11,419 12.9%
1900 14,528 27.2%
1910 21,987 51.3%
1920 21,749 −1.1%
1930 22,646 4.1%
1940 27,452 21.2%
1950 22,306 −18.7%
1960 18,990 −14.9%
1970 18,164 −4.3%
1980 17,793 −2.0%
1990 15,713 −11.7%
2000 14,117 −10.2%
2010 11,800 −16.4%
Est. 2014 11,180 [5] −5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,800 people residing in the county. 54.1% were Black or African American, 41.2% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 3.2% of some other race and 0.8 of two or more races. 4.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the 2000 United States Census,[11] there were 14,117 people, 5,205 households, and 3,643 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 5,974 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 43.24% White, 53.96% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. 2.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,205 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.70% were married couples living together, 22.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,024, and the median income for a family was $27,960. Males had a median income of $25,899 versus $17,115 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,825. About 23.10% of families and 28.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.30% of those under age 18 and 20.70% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the county population was 11,800. The racial make-up was 40.35% Non-Hispanic whites, 54.08% blacks, 0.19% Native Americans, 0.47% Asians, 0.03% Pacific Islanders and 4.59% Hispanics or Latinos.

Since 1940, the population of the county has collapsed. Press reports indicate that in 2013, the largest settlement in the county, Lake Village, Arkansas had two bank branches, a pharmacy, some law firms and no retail shops.[12]


The county is traditionally Democratic. In the twentieth century, the only Democrat to lose the county was George McGovern.[13] Until the mid-1960s and passage of federal civil rights legislation, blacks had been essentially disfranchised in Arkansas and it was a one-party state of white Democrats. With national Democratic support for the civil rights struggle and legislation, especially by President Lyndon B. Johnson, many blacks have supported the party and its candidates since then.

Although there has been some trending toward the Republicans among white voters since the mid-1960s, the Republican Presidential candidate has not received over 40% in any of the last five Presidential elections.[14]

It is part of Arkansas's 1st congressional district. In the Arkansas Senate, the county is in District 26 and is represented by Democrat Eddie Cheatham. In the Arkansas House of Representatives, it is in District 1 and represented by Democrat Mark McElroy. The county supported a measure prohibiting "co-habiting couples" from adopting.[15]

Public officials

  • Chicot County: Ronald Nichols (sheriff), Mack Ball Jr. (county judge)
  • Dermott: Eric Evans (police chief), Morris Parker (fire chief)
  • Eudora: (police chief), Robert Bunn (fire chief)
  • Lake Village: Percy Wilburn (police chief), Sam E. Angel II (fire chief)
  • Ross Van Ness: (fire chief)[citation needed]



Unincorporated communities

Ghost town


Townships in Chicot County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Chicot County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [16][17]

Notable people

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 20, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Gatewood, Willard B, Jr. (Spring 1991). "Sunnyside: The Evolution of an Arkansas Plantation, 1840-1945". The Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 50 (1): 5–29. Retrieved 27 June 2015 – via JSTOR. (Registration required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Based on 2000 census data
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Scratching a Living, The Economist, 8 June 2013
  13. Geographie Electorale
  14. "Electoral map (Zoom in on Arkansas)", The New York Times
  15. Arkansas election site
  16. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Chicot County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-08-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. Thomas A. DeBlack, Lycurgus Leonidas Johnson (1818–1876), The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, March 23, 2007

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