Chief Ministers in Malaysia

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The Menteri Besar (Jawi:منتري بسر; literally "First Minister") is the chief executive of the state government for states in Malaysia with hereditary rulers. For states without a monarch, the title Chief Minister (Ketua Menteri) is used. The title 'Menteri Besar' is usually untranslated in the English media in Malaysia,[1] but is typically translated as 'Chief Minister' by foreign media.[2]

According to protocol, all Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers are styled Yang Amat Berhormat (abbreviated Y.A.B.), which means "The Most Honourable".

History

In most states within Malaysia, the office was created by the British colonial government in 1948, in tandem with the creation of the Federation of Malaya. However, Johor was the first state to create the Menteri Besar position, subject to Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor (Johor State Constitution) enforced by Sultan Abu Bakar. This had made Johor the first Malay state to adopt a system of constitutional monarchy. After Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, the office bearer is appointed among the state legislative assembly members by the Sultans. The Menteri Besar usually comes from the party which commands a majority in the state assembly.

Relations between the chief ministers and other levels of government

For many decades, the Chief Ministers met with each other and the Prime Minister at Mesyuarat Menteri-Menteri Besar dan Ketua Menteri.

Current Chief Ministers

Title Portrait Name Party Term
Menteri Besar of Johor Mohamed Khaled Nordin BN (UMNO) 14 May 2013
5 years, 214 days
Menteri Besar of Kedah Mukhriz Mahathir BN (UMNO) 6 May 2013
5 years, 222 days
Menteri Besar of Kelantan Ahmad Yaakob PAS 6 May 2013
5 years, 222 days
Chief Minister of Malacca Idris Haron BN (UMNO) 7 May 2013
5 years, 221 days
Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan Mohamad Hassan BN (UMNO) 25 March 2004
14 years, 264 days
Menteri Besar of Pahang Adnan Yaakob BN (UMNO) 25 May 1999
19 years, 203 days
Chief Minister of Penang Lim Guan Eng DAP 11 March 2008
10 years, 278 days
Menteri Besar of Perak Zambry Abdul Kadir BN (UMNO) 12 May 2009
9 years, 216 days
Menteri Besar of Perlis Azlan Man BN (UMNO) 7 May 2013
5 years, 221 days
Chief Minister of Sabah Musa Aman BN (UMNO) 4 March 2003
15 years, 285 days
Chief Minister of Sarawak Adenan Satem BN (PBB) 1 March 2014
4 years, 288 days
Menteri Besar of Selangor Azmin Ali PKR 23 September 2014
4 years, 82 days
Menteri Besar of Terengganu Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman BN (UMNO) 12 May 2014
4 years, 216 days


See also

References

  1. The following are examples of the use of Menteri Besar in Distinction between Menteri Besar and Chief Minister in the same article:
  2. Examples of the use of Chief Minister in place of Menteri Besar by non-local media:

External links