Chinese coastal defense ship Zhongshan
|Builder:||Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Nagasaki Dockyard|
|Maiden voyage:||March 1913|
|Class & type:||Yung Feng-class gunboat|
|Length:||65.873 m (216.12 ft)|
|Beam:||8.8 m (29 ft)|
|Draught:||3.048 m (10.00 ft)|
|Speed:||14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)|
Zhong Shan (中山) (Chinese: 中山艦; pinyin: Zhōngshān jiàn), originally named Yung Feng (Chinese: 永豐艦; pinyin: Yǒngfēng jiàn), is a Chinese coastal defense ship built in Japan in 1913 of 830 tons and later renamed in 1925 Chung Shan in honor of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the founder of the Republic of China. This ship and other ships of the same class are also frequently classified as gunboats.
Coastal defense ship Yongfeng (永丰) is the first unit of a total of four Yongfeng-class coastal defense ship ordered by the government of the Qing dynasty in 1910 and was built by Mitsubishi. Under the deal signed between the Qing navy minister Zaixun, his deputy admiral Sa Zhenbing and the Japanese, the first two ships were built by Japan, and the last pair were built by Jiangnan Shipyard in China with technical help from Japan. All four ships differed slight from one another. Due to their small size (less than 1000 tons displacement), these ships are also frequently referred as gunboats.
In 1922 the Chung Shan fought its way past the Pearl River forts controlled by Chen Jiongming while carrying Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai Shek. On April 13, 1925, the ship was renamed to its current name in honor of Sun Yat-sen. The ship was also involved in the Zhongshan Warship Incident in 1926.
The shipwreck was salvaged from the river in January 1997. The salvaged and restored Zhong Shan gunboat is now located in its own museum in Wuhan. The museum is located in Jinkou Subdistrict of Wuhan's suburban Jiangxia District, some 25 km southwest of downtown Wuchang.
- "Ship Sink Off Waglan.". The Hongkong Telegraph. 1929-01-16.
- Zhongshan Warship settled in Wuhan museum, Peoples Daily, May 28, 2008 http://english.people.com.cn/90001/90783/91300/6419821.html
- Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922–1946, P.412
- Warships for Export 
- Chiang Kai-Shek's Secret Past: The Memoir of His Second Wife, Ch'en Chieh-Ju. Pps. 109-110
- Cultural relics of Zhong Shan gunboat on display at Museum of Coastal Defence
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zhongshan Warship Museum.|
- China-Defense.com Forum > History Forum > After 1911 > The Restored ZhongShan Gunboat Photos of the Zhong Shan gunboat on display at the Museum of Coastal Defence