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The term chronophilia was used by John Money to describe a form of paraphilia in which an individual experiences sexual attraction limited to individuals of particular age ranges.[1][2] The term has not been widely adopted by sexologists, who instead use terms that refer to the specific age range in question. An arguable historical precursor was Richard von Krafft-Ebing's concept of "age fetishism".[3]

Sexual preferences based on age

  • Pedohebephilia refers to an expansion and reclassification of pedophilia and hebephilia with subgroups, proposed during the development of the DSM-5.[4] It refers more broadly to sexual attractions. Under the proposed revisions, people who are dysfunctional as a result of it would be diagnosed with pedohebephilic disorder. People would be broken down into types based on the idea of being attracted to one, the other or both of the subgroups. The proposed revision was not ratified for inclusion in the final published version of DSM-5.
    • Nepiophilia and infantophilia describe a sexual preference for toddlers and infants (usually ages 0–3).[5]
    • Pedophilia is a psychological disorder in which an adult or older adolescent experiences a sexual preference for prepubescent children.[6][7] According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), pedophilia is a paraphilia in which a person has intense sexual urges towards children, and experiences recurrent sexual urges towards and fantasies about children. Pedophilic disorder is further defined as psychological disorder in which a person meets the criteria for pedophilia above, and also either acts upon those urges, or else experiences distress or interpersonal difficulty as a consequence.[8][9] The diagnosis can be made under the DSM or ICD criteria for persons age 16 and older.[10] Child sexual abuse is not committed by all pedophiles, and some child molesters are not pedophiles.[11]
  • Attraction to adolescents
    • Hebephilia and ephebophilia are sexual preferences for pubescent and post-pubescent youths, respectively.[12] The term hebephilia was introduced by Glueck (1955).[13]
  • Attraction to adults
    • Teleiophilia (from Greek téleios, "full grown") is a sexual preference for adults.[14] The term was coined by Ray Blanchard in 2000.[15]
    • Gerontophilia is a sexual preference for the elderly.[16]

See also


  1. Money, John (1986). Lovemaps: clinical concepts of sexual/erotic health and pathology, paraphilia, and gender transposition of childhood, adolescence, and maturity. pp. 70, 260. ISBN 0-8290-1589-2. 
  2. Money, John (1990). Gay, Straight, and In-Between: The Sexology of Erotic Orientation. pp. 137, 183. ISBN 0-19-505407-5. 
  3. Janssen, D.F. (2015). ""Chronophilia": Entries of Erotic Age Preference into Descriptive Psychopathology". Medical History. 59 (4): 575–598. ISSN 0025-7273. PMC 4595948Freely accessible. PMID 26352305. doi:10.1017/mdh.2015.47. 
  4. DSM-5 U 03
  5. Laws, D. Richard; William T. O'Donohue (2008). Sexual Deviance: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment. Guilford Press. p. 176. ISBN 1-59385-605-9. 
  6. World Health Organization, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: ICD-10 Section F65.4: Pedophilia (online access via ICD-10 site map table of contents)
  7. Blanchard, R.; Kolla, N. J.; Cantor, J. M.; Klassen, P. E.; Dickey, R.; Kuban, M. E.; Blak, T. (2007). "IQ, handedness, and pedophilia in adult male patients stratified by referral source". Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 19 (3): 285–309. doi:10.1177/107906320701900307. 
  8. American Psychiatric Association, Highlights of Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5 Paraphilic disorders (page 18)
  9. American Psychiatric Association (June 2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV TR (Text Revision). Arlington, VA, USA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc. p. 943. ISBN 978-0-89042-024-9. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890423349. 
  10. The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders – Diagnostic criteria for research PDF (715 KB) (see F65.4, pp. 166–167)
  11. Fagan PJ, Wise TN, Schmidt CW, Berlin FS (November 2002). "Pedophilia". JAMA. 288 (19): 2458–65. PMID 12435259. doi:10.1001/jama.288.19.2458. 
  12. Blanchard, R. Blanchard, R., Lykins, A. D., Wherrett, D., Kuban, M. E., Cantor, J. M., Blak, T., Dickey, R., & Klassen, P. E. (2008). Pedophilia, hebephilia, and the DSM–V. Archives of Sexual Behavior. doi:10.1007/s10508-008-9399-9.
  13. Glueck, B. C., Jr. (1955). Final report: Research project for the study and treatment of persons convicted of crimes involving sexual aberrations. June 1952 to June 1955. New York: New York State Department of Mental Hygiene.
  14. Blanchard, R.; Barbaree, H. E.; Bogaert, A. F.; Dickey, R.; Klassen, P.; Kuban, M. E.; Zucker, KJ; et al. (2000). "Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation in pedophiles". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 29 (5): 463–478. PMID 10983250. doi:10.1023/A:1001943719964. 
  15. Blanchard, R., & Barbaree, H. E. (2005). "The strength of sexual arousal as a function of the age of the sex offender: Comparisons among pedophiles, hebephiles, and teleiophiles". Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. 17 (4): 441–456. doi:10.1177/107906320501700407. 
  16. Kaul, A.; Duffy, S. (1991). "Gerontophilia: A case report". Medicine, Science and the Law. 31: 110–114.