Circular triangle

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Convex circular triangle
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Circular horn triangle

In geometry, a circular triangle is a triangle with circular arc edges.

Construction

Special cases
ReuleauxTriangle.svg
Reuleaux triangle
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Arbelos

A convex circular triangle may be constructed by three circles intersecting each other and represents the area of intersection. Its edges are all curved outwards. The sum of the internal angles of a circular triangle is greater than 180°. A Reuleaux triangle is a special case based on an equilateral triangle where the center of each arc is on the opposite vertex.

A circular horn triangle is a similar concept, but represents the area interior to 3 mutually tangent circles so all of the internal angles are zero.[1] The arbelos is a special case with three collinear vertices and three semicircular edges.[2]

Other circular triangles can have a mixture of convex and concave circular arc edges.

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Long arcs can produce concave figures regardless of whether individual edges are curved inwards or outwards. Inward curved arcs can create self-intersecting forms, such as the a triquetra figure:

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Tessellations

File:Seven overlapping circles grid.png
Circular tessellation containing lenses and concave circular triangle faces

Circular triangles can be seen in tessellation.

See also

References

  1. The Geometry of the Circular Horn Triangle Edward Kasner and Aida Kalish National Mathematics Magazine Vol. 18, No. 8 (May, 1944), pp. 299–304
  2. Boas, Harold P. (2006), "Reflections on the arbelos" (PDF), American Mathematical Monthly, 113 (3): 236–249, doi:10.2307/27641891, MR 2204487<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>.
  • Richard Courant, Herbert Robbins, What Is Mathematics?: An Elementary Approach to Ideas and Methods, pp. 378–379 [1]

External links