Claudio Achillini

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Claudio Achillini
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Born Lua error in Module:Wikidata at line 446: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
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Bologna, Papal States
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Bologna, Papal States
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Political movement Baroque
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Claudio Achillini (Latin Claudius Achillinus; 18 September 1574 – 1 October 1640[1]) was an Italian philosopher, theologian, mathematician, poet, and jurist.

Biography

Born in Bologna, he was grandson to Giovanni Filoteo Achillini and grand-nephew to Alessandro Achillini. He was professor of jurisprudence for several years at his native Bologna, Parma, and Ferrara, with the highest reputation. So much admiration did his learning excite, that inscriptions to his honor were placed in the schools in his lifetime.[2] He was a member of a number of learned and literary societies, including the Accademia dei Lincei.[3]

On February 9, 1621, Achillini went to Rome, where he obtained great promises of preferment from popes and cardinals, but they proved only promises. Odoardo Farnese, duke of Parma, engaged him however on very liberal terms, to occupy the chair of law in his university. He wrote the text for a play with music by Monteverdi presented during wedding celebrations at the Farnese court in Parma in 1628. As Jaynie Anderson has suggested,[4] Achillini may have devised the program for Agostino Carracci's frescoes in the Palazzo del Giardino.

Achillini ended his career in Bologna, returning to a chair at the university, where he was one of Carlo Cesare Malvasia's teachers. Achillini was a particular friend of Giambattista Marino, whose style in poetry he imitated, occasionally lapsing into the excesses of extravagant metaphors.[5] In the controversies that broke out after the publication of Marino's Adone (Paris, 1623), Achillini apparently encouraged Girolamo Aleandro to write his Difesa (1629) in response to Stigliani's attack on the poem in the Occhiale (1627). Though a strong partisan of Marino, even Achillini tempered some of the more extravagant elements in his own writing in the later years.[6] Twentieth-century critics have in part overturned the terms of the relationship between Achillini and Marino, making evident instead Marino's debt to the former.[7]

His first collection of poems and prose was published in 1632, although he had published many poems in the preceding decades. A canzone, which he addressed to Louis XIII on the birth of the dauphin, is said to have been rewarded by Cardinal Richelieu with a gold chain or collar worth 1000 crowns;[2] this reward was not given, as some have asserted, for the famous sonnet beginning, Sudate o fuochi, a preparar metalli; (Sweat, fires, in order to forge metal)[8] and which was severely criticized by Manzoni[5] and was parodied by Crudeli in one beginning, Sudate o forni, a preparar pagnotte, (Sweat, O ye ovens! in preparing cakes!)[1]

Achillini's poems were first published at Bologna and were reprinted several times (1633, 1650, 1651,1656, 1662, 1673, 1677 and 1680). He also printed a volume of Latin letters and an exchange of letters with his friend Agostino Mascardi on the plague of 1630, published in Bologna in 1630 and in Rome in 1631.[9]

Works

  • Achillini, Claudio (1628). Teti e Flora. Parma. appresso Seth, & Erasmo Viotti.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Achillini, Claudio (1628). Mercurio e Marte. Parma. appresso Seth, & Erasmo Viotti.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Achillini, Claudio (1632). Poesie (1 ed.). Bologna. presso Clemente Ferroni.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Achillini, Claudio (1633). Poesie (2 ed.). Venezia. presso Clemente Ferroni.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Achillini, Claudio (1673). Rime e prose. Venezia. per Nicolo Pezzana.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Rose, Hugh James (1857). "Achillini, Claudio". A New General Biographical Dictionary. 1 AA–ANS. London: B. Fellowes et al. pp. 75–76.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 This article incorporates content from John Aikin's General Biography, a publication in the public domain.
  3. Asor Rosa, Alberto (1960). "ACHILLINI, Claudio". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 1: Aaron–Albertucci (in Italian). Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Anderson, Jaynie (1970). "The Sala di Agostino Carracci in the Palazzo del Giardino". Art Bulletin. 52 (1): 46. doi:10.2307/3048678. JSTOR 3048678.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Charles Peter Brand; Lino Pertile, eds. (1999). The Cambridge History of Italian Literature. Cambridge University Press. p. 308. ISBN 9780521666220.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Raimondi 1988, p. 124.
  7. Gaetana Marrone, ed. (2007). "Marinisti". Encyclopedia of Italian Literary Studies. 1. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9781579583903.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Sudate, o fochi, a preparar metalli,/e voi, ferri vitali, itene pronti,/ite di Paro a sviscerare i monti/per inalzar colossi al re de’ Galli./Vinse l’invitta ròcca e de’ vassalli/spezzò gli orgogli a le rubelle fronti,/e machinando inusitati ponti/diè fuga ai mari e gli converse in valli./ Volò quindi su l’Alpi e il ferro strinse,/e con mano d’Astrea gli alti litigi,/temuto solo e non veduto, estinse./ Ceda le palme pur Roma a Parigi:/ché se Cesare venne e vide e vinse,/venne, vinse e non vide il gran Luigi.
  9. Agostino Mascardi; Claudio Achillini (1631). Due lettere l'una del Mascardi all'Achillini, l'altra dell'Achillini al Mascardi sopra le presenti calamità. Rome. Lodovico Grignani.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Bibliography

  • Colombo, Angelo (1985). "Tra "Incogniti" e "Lincei": per la biografia di Claudio Achillini". Studi Secenteschi (in italiano). 26: 141–176.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Bellini, Eraldo (2013). "Due lettere sulla peste del 1630 Mascardi Achillini Manzoni". Aevum. 87 (3): 875–917. JSTOR 43824619.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Raimondi, Ezio (1988). "Literature in Bologna in the Age of Guido Reni". Guido Reni, 1575-1642. Exibition Catalogue, Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles and Bologna.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>