Cleveland Miners' and Quarrymen's Association

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The Cleveland Miners' and Quarrymen's Association was a trade union representing ironstone miners in the Cleveland area of England.

The union was founded in 1872 as the North Yorkshire and Cleveland Miners and Quarrymen's Association by Joseph Shepherd. It grew rapidly, with thirty-three lodges existing one year later, and also proved industrially successful, claiming to have increased miners' wages by 45%, and to have established a standard eight-hour working day.[1] However, Shepherd fell out with his colleagues due to persistent drunkenness and was removed from his position in 1876 after leaving court documents on a train.[2]

From the start, the union campaigned to reduce miners' hours of work and increase their pay, and also to help educate miners, and provide healthcare in case of injury or sickness. It was a founder constituent of the Miners Federation of Great Britain in 1889, the only one not to principally represent coal miners.[3]

By 1900, the union had a membership of 7,550, and around this time it shortened its name to the "Cleveland Miners and Quarrymen's Association". Membership rose further, peaking at just under 10,000 in 1910. In 1945, it became part of the National Union of Mineworkers.[3]

General secretaries

1872: Joseph Shepherd
1876: Thomas Dunn
1880s: Robert Rowland
1889: George Bernal Hobbs
1920s: William Thomas Mansfield


1875: Joseph Toyn
1911: Harry Dack


  1. J. K. Almond and C. A. Hampstead, Cleveland iron and steel: background and 19th century history, p.252
  2. "Engineers of change", The Northern Echo, 9 June 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 Arthur Marsh and Victoria Ryan, Historical Directory of British Trade Unions, vol.II, p.236