Clifford the Big Red Dog

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Clifford the Big Red Dog
Clifford the Big Red Dog logo.svg
Author Norman Bridwell
Country United States
Language English
Genre Children
Publisher Scholastic Books
Published 1963–2015
Norman Bridwell, the creator and author of the Clifford the Big Red Dog book series, in 2011.

Clifford the Big Red Dog is an eponymously titled American children's book series about a big red dog named Clifford. It was first published in 1963 and was written by Norman Bridwell (1928–2014). The series helped establish Scholastic Books as a premier publishing company,[citation needed] and Clifford himself is Scholastic's official mascot.

Clifford was the runt of a litter of puppies and was chosen by a city child named Emily Elizabeth as her Christmas present. No one expected him to grow, but Emily's love for her tiny red puppy changed him dramatically. Before long, he was over 25 feet (7.6 m) tall, forcing the Howard family to leave the city and move to the open spaces of Birdwell Island. He met friends there, including Cleo, Mac, and T-Bone.


The White House 2003 Christmas decoration of Clifford the Big Red Dog
  • Clifford: a male red dog whose appearance, disposition, and behavior are based on a giant "all-around" dog.[1] Clifford is shy, gentle, friendly, loyal, lovable, clumsy, well-meaning and helpful. He sometimes gets into trouble because of his size or is tempted into trouble by his friends and those he meets. His size, like giants in medieval legends, is inconsistent—he is often shown as being about 25 feet tall from paws to head, but can appear far larger: in one episode he removes the top of the lighthouse and swims out with it to guide the ferry through the fog to the dock. The character's name is based on the imaginary childhood friend of creator Norman Bridwell's wife.[2] He originally wanted to name him "Tiny", but his wife persuaded him otherwise.[3] His owner is Emily Elizabeth, to whom he is devoted. He has a mother, two brothers, and two sisters. His character was created when an editor at Harper & Row advised Bridwell to write a story to go along with one of his pictures. She picked out his sketch of a baby girl and a horse-sized bloodhound and casually said, "There might be a story in this," Bridwell remembers.[1]
  • Emily Elizabeth: Clifford's owner. A friendly, curious, and helpful eight-year-old[3] girl. She is frequently portrayed riding on his bareback. She is the best skater on the island, and is also very good at soccer. She was named for creator Norman Bridwell's daughter and based on the imaginary adventures of Bridwell's wife.[2] The TV series adaptation gives her a surname, Emily Elizabeth Howard, and changes the background, with her receiving Clifford as a surprise present on her 6th birthday instead of picking him out as a Christmas present.

List of books

Title Year Notes
Clifford, the Big Red Dog 1963
Clifford Gets a Job 1965
Clifford Takes a Trip 1966
Clifford's Halloween 1966
Clifford's Tricks 1969
Clifford, the Small Red Puppy 1972
Clifford's Riddles 1974
Clifford's Good Deeds 1975
Clifford at the Circus 1977
Clifford Goes to Hollywood 1980 Reissued in 2010 under the title: Clifford is a Star
Clifford's ABC 1983
Clifford's Christmas 1984
Clifford's Family 1984
Clifford's Kitten 1984
Clifford and the Grouchy Neighbors 1985
Clifford's Pals 1985 Reissued in 2010 under the title: Clifford's Best Pals
Clifford's Manners 1987
Count on Clifford 1987
Clifford's Birthday Party 1988
Clifford's Puppy Days 1989
Where is Clifford? 1989
Clifford's Happy Days: A Pop-Up Book 1990
Clifford's Word Book 1990
Clifford, We Love You 1991
Clifford's Animal Sounds 1991
Clifford's Bathtime 1991
Clifford's Bedtime 1991
Clifford's Peekaboo 1991
Clifford Counts Bubbles 1992
Clifford Follows His Nose 1992
Clifford's Happy Easter 1992
Clifford's Noisy Day 1992
Clifford's Thanksgiving Visit 1993
Clifford I Love You 1994 Pop-Up
Clifford the Firehouse Dog 1994
Clifford's First Christmas 1994
Clifford and the Big Storm 1995
Clifford's First Easter 1995
Clifford's First Halloween 1995
Clifford's Sports Day 1996
Clifford's First Autumn 1997
Clifford's Spring Clean-Up 1997
Clifford's First Valentine's Day 1997
Clifford's Peek-And-Seek Animal Riddles 1997
Clifford and the Big Parade 1998
Clifford Counts 1 2 3 1998
Clifford Makes a Friend 1998
Clifford: Where is the Big Red Doggie? 1998
Clifford's First Snow Day 1998
Oops, Clifford! 1998
Clifford and the Halloween Parade 1999
Clifford Grows Up 1999
Clifford Keeps Cool 1999
Clifford's Best Friend: A Story about Emily Elizabeth 1999
Clifford's Big Book of Things to Know 1999
Clifford's First School Day 1999
Clifford Barks! 2000
Clifford to the Rescue 2000
Clifford Visits the Hospital 2000
Clifford's Opposites 2000
Clifford's Schoolhouse 2000
Clifford's Big Red Reader 2001
Clifford's Furry Friends 2001
Clifford's Happy Mother's Day 2001
Clifford's Puppy Fun: A Lift-The-Flap Board Book With Stickers 2001
Clifford's Valentines 2001
Clifford Runs to Story Time 2001
Clifford's Busy Week 2002
Clifford Goes to Dog School 2002
Clifford's Neighborhood: Lots to Learn All Around Town 2002
Clifford Loves Me! 2003
Clifford's Class Trip 2003
Clifford's Day with Dad 2003
Clifford's First Sleepover 2004
Clifford Goes to Washington 2005
Clifford's Puppy Days: Christmas Angel 2005
Clifford the Champion 2009
Clifford Makes the Team 2011
Clifford Goes to Kindergarten 2015 [4]
Clifford Celebrates Hanukkah 2015 [4]


Clifford The Big Red Dog with Laura Bush and many children at the White House Easter Egg Roll, 2007.


In 1988, Scholastic Studios, Mendelson-Melendez Productions, Nelvana, Wang Film Productions, and Family Home Entertainment released "Clifford's Fun with...", a videotape series with the theme song by Phillip Namanworth and Benjamin Goldstein. Brent Titcomb voiced Clifford and Emily Elizabeth was voiced by Alyson Court. Lorimar Productions released the video "Clifford's Sing Along Adventure" around the same time. Warner Home Video re-released it in the mid-1990s.


Scholastic Studios produced a 65-episode television adaptation shown on PBS Kids, which aired from September 2000 to February 2003. Clifford was voiced by actor, John Ritter, and Emily Elizabeth was voiced by Grey DeLisle. There was also a 39-episode prequel series that ran September 2003 to October 2004. During that time, a 76-minute film was released February 2004.

Live-action/animated film adaptation

In May 2012, it was reported that Universal Pictures and Illumination Entertainment would make a live-action/animated feature film based on the book. Matt Lopez had been hired to write the script, while Chris Meledandri and Deborah Forte would produce the film.[5] In July 2013, it was reported that Illumination Entertainment had dropped the project.[6] Two months later, it was reported that the film was still in development at Universal Pictures and that David Bowers was in talks to direct the film.[7] Like the 2011 film Hop, the titular dog character will be animated while the other characters will be live-action.[7] On August 1, 2014, Universal Pictures scheduled the film for a release on April 8, 2016.[8] In the beginning of 2015, the film's release date was taken over by another Universal film, Michelle Darnell.[9]

Video games

Original Series

  • Clifford's Reading
  • Clifford's Thinking Games

Modern Series

  • Clifford's Learning Activities
  • Clifford's Music
  • Clifford's Phonics
  • Clifford's Big Puzzle Game (A Wendy's Kids' Meal DVD game, available for a limited time only)

See also


^ Media and Culture, 5th ed., Richard Campbell, Christopher R. Martin and Bettina Fabos.

  1. 1.0 1.1<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Clifford the Big Red Dog – Don Markstein's Toonopedia". 2004-02-20. Retrieved 2014-03-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Fashingbauer Cooper, Gael (December 17, 2014). "Norman Bridwell, creator of Clifford the Big Red Dog, dies at 86". Today. Retrieved August 17, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Weber, Bruce (December 16, 2014). "Norman Bridwell, Creator of 'Clifford the Big Red Dog' Books, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved December 20, 2014. Two additional Clifford books, “Clifford Goes to Kindergarten” and “Clifford Celebrates Hanukkah,” are scheduled for publication by Scholastic in 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Kit, Borys (May 8, 2012). "Illumination and Universal Adapting 'Clifford the Big Red Dog' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 9, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Debruge, Peter (July 17, 2013). "Illumination Chief Chris Meledandri Lines Up Originals for Universal". Variety. Retrieved July 18, 2013. At the same time, Illumination has scrapped a number of planned movie ideas. “Waldo” and a Tim Burton-helmed, stop-motion “The Addams Family” are dead. The company abandoned a Woody Woodpecker pic, and couldn’t crack “Clifford the Big Red Dog.”<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 Shaw, Lucas (September 13, 2013). "David Bowers in Talks to Direct 'Clifford the Big Red Dog'; Illumination Drops Off (Exclusive)". The Wrap. Retrieved September 14, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "The Clifford the Big Red Dog Movie is Coming in 2016". August 1, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. McNary, Dave (January 5, 2015). "Melissa McCarthy's 'Michelle Darnelle' to Replace 'Clifford the Big Red Dog' for April 8, 2016". Variety. Retrieved June 25, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links