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Scots: Cowjum
Coldingham High Street
Coldingham is located in Scottish Borders
 Coldingham shown within the Scottish Borders
OS grid reference NT905665
Council area Scottish Borders
Lieutenancy area Berwickshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk
Scottish Parliament Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire
List of places

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Coldingham (Scots: Cowjum )[1] is a village in Berwickshire, Scottish Borders, on Scotland's southeast coastline, north of Eyemouth.


There was a monastery of high order on this site as early as AD 660, when it is recorded that Etheldreda, the queen of Egfrid, became a nun at the Monastery of Coldingham, then under the management of Æbbe the Elder, aunt of her husband. Bede describes it as "the Monastery of Virgins" and states that in 679 the monastery burnt down. It was rebuilt, but was again destroyed by fire at the hands of a raiding party of Danes in 870. This time the ruins were not rebuilt, it would appear, until 1098, when the Priory of Coldingham was founded by King Edgar in honour of St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne. It became the caput for the Barony of Coldingham, with the prior as the feudal lord.

The priory continued in its religious purposes until 1560[citation needed], when it was partially destroyed during the Scottish Reformation. However, a portion of it continued its religious activities until 1650, when it was fortified against Oliver Cromwell. After a siege of two days, the main tower in which the besieged defended themselves was so shattered by artillery that they were forced to capitulate. This great tower of the original priory finally collapsed about 1777. The ruins of about 40% of the original priory church were rebuilt in 1855; it is today used as the parish church, and is the most notable building in the parish.

Nearby Coldingham Bay has a sandy secluded beach popular with surfers, with rows of beach huts.


See also


  1. Andy Eagle (27 February 2003). "The Online Scots Dictionary". Retrieved 7 September 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • History of the Priory of Coldingham by William King Hunter, Edinburgh & London, 1858.

External links