College Football Playoff
|College Football Playoff|
|College Football Playoff logo|
|Preceded by||BCS (1998–2013)
Bowl Alliance (1995–1997)
Bowl Coalition (1992–1994)
|Number of playoff games||3 (championship game, 2 semifinal games)|
|Championship trophy||College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy|
|Television partner(s)||ESPN (2014–present)|
|Most playoff appearances||Alabama (2)|
|Most playoff wins||Alabama (2), Ohio State (2)|
|Most playoff championships||Alabama (1), Ohio State (1)|
|Conference with most appearances||ACC (2), Big Ten (2), SEC (2)|
|Conference with most game wins||Big Ten (2) SEC (2)|
|Conference with most championships||Big Ten (1) SEC (1)|
|Last championship game||2016 College Football Playoff National Championship|
|Executive director||Bill Hancock|
The College Football Playoff (CFP) is an annual postseason tournament in American college football for the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). It began with the 2014 NCAA Division I FBS football season. Four teams play in two semifinal games, and the winners advance to the College Football Playoff National Championship.
The semifinals are scheduled for New Year's Eve or New Year's Day. The championship is played on the first Monday that is six or more days after the semifinals. The winner is awarded the College Football Playoff National Championship Trophy.
The CFP is the first time the top-level NCAA football championship has been determined by a bracket competition. A 13-member committee selects and seeds the four teams to take part. This differs from the use of polls or computer rankings to select the participants for the Bowl Championship Series (BCS), FBS college football's title system from 1998 to 2013. The new format is a Plus-One system, an idea which became popular as an alternative to the BCS after the 2003 and 2004 seasons ended in controversy.
The championship game's venue is selected based on bids submitted by cities, similar to the Super Bowl or NCAA Final Four. Playoff officials commissioned a new trophy that was unconnected with the previous championship systems (such as the AFCA "crystal football" trophy which had been regularly presented after the championship game since the 1990s).
The College Football Playoff is not an officially sanctioned championship event by the NCAA, the sport's governing body. Because of this, Division I FBS football is the only NCAA sport in which a yearly champion is not determined by an NCAA championship event and an official NCAA National Championship is not given.
In addition to the four teams selected for the playoff, the final CFP rankings are used to help determine the participants for the other four major bowls that are not hosting the semifinals that year.
- 1 Selection process
- 2 Impact on scheduling
- 3 Semifinals
- 4 Championship game
- 5 Appearances
- 6 Broadcasting
- 7 Revenue
- 8 Leadership
- 9 Criticism
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The first College Football Playoff selection committee was announced on October 16, 2013. The group consists of 13 members who generally serve three-year terms, although some initial selections served terms both shorter and longer than three years "to achieve a rotation" of members.
|Member||Position||Conference affiliation[lower-alpha 1]||Term expires|
|Hocutt, KirbyKirby Hocutt (chairman)||Texas Tech athletic director; former Kansas State linebacker||Big 12||February 2017|
|Alvarez, BarryBarry Alvarez||Wisconsin athletic director; former Wisconsin coach||Big Ten||February 2017|
|Bower, JeffJeff Bower||former Southern Miss head coach||N/A||February 2019|
|Carr, LloydLloyd Carr||former Michigan head coach||N/A||February 2019|
|Deromedi, HerbHerb Deromedi||former Central Michigan head coach||N/A||February 2019|
|Jernstedt, TomTom Jernstedt||Former NCAA executive vice president||N/A||February 2018|
|Johnson, BobbyBobby Johnson||Former Vanderbilt head coach||N/A||February 2017|
|Long, JeffJeff Long||Arkansas athletic director||SEC||February 2018|
|Mullens, RobRob Mullens||Oregon athletic director||Pac-12||February 2019|
|Radakovich, DanDan Radakovich||Clemson athletic director||ACC||February 2018|
|Rice, CondoleezzaCondoleezza Rice||Former U.S. Secretary of State and Stanford provost||N/A||February 2017|
|Wieberg, SteveSteve Wieberg||Former USA Today reporter||N/A||February 2018|
|Willingham, TyroneTyrone Willingham||Former Stanford / Notre Dame / Washington head coach||N/A||February 2018|
- Current or former, athletic department administration only.
The committee members include one current athletic director from each of the five "major" conferences—ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, and SEC—also known as the Power Five conferences. Other members are former coaches, players, athletic directors, and administrators, plus a retired member of the media. The goal was for the panel to consist proportionally of current "Power Five" athletic directors, former coaches, and a third group of other voters, excluding current conference commissioners, coaches, and media members. During the selection process, organizers said they wanted the committee to be geographically balanced. Conference commissioners submitted lists totaling more than 100 names from which to select the final committee members.
The selection of Condoleezza Rice, a former U.S. Secretary of State and Stanford University provost, was met with some backlash within the sport and the media. Critics questioned her qualifications, citing lack of football experience and gender.
|Member||Position||Conference affiliation[lower-alpha 1]||Season(s)||Replaced by|
|Gould, Michael C.Michael C. Gould||Former Air Force Academy superintendent||N/A||2014-15||Jeff Bower|
|Osborne, TomTom Osborne||Former Nebraska coach and athletic director||Big Ten/Big 12||2014-15||Lloyd Carr|
|Tranghese, MikeMike Tranghese||Former Big East commissioner||The American||2014-15||Herb Deromedi|
|Haden, PatPat Haden[lower-alpha 2]||USC athletic director; former USC quarterback||Pac-12||2014||Rob Mullens|
|Luck, OliverOliver Luck[lower-alpha 3]||Former West Virginia athletic director||Big 12||2014||Kirby Hocutt|
|Manning, ArchieArchie Manning[lower-alpha 4]||Former NFL and Ole Miss quarterback||N/A||-||Bobby Johnson|
- Current or former, athletic department administration only.
- Stepped down October 30, 2015 citing health reasons and instability at USC. Did not participate in 2015 season committee.
- Left the committee in 2015, before his term expired, after resigning as West Virginia athletic director to work for the NCAA as executive vice president of regulatory affairs.
- Took a leave of absence for health reasons in October 2014 and stepped down in March 2015. Never participated in any committee voting.
The committee releases its top 25 rankings weekly on Tuesdays in the second half of the regular season. The top four teams are seeded in that order for the playoff. During the 2014 season, the committee met and released rankings seven times, though it is slated to meet only six times in 2015 due to the season calendar being a week shorter. The group, which meets at the Gaylord Texan hotel in Grapevine, Texas, reportedly meets in person up to 10 total times a year.
A team's strength of schedule is one of the most pertinent considerations for the committee in making its selections. Other factors that the committee weighs are conference championships, team records, and head-to-head results, plus other points such as injuries and weather. Unlike the BCS system, the AP Poll, Coaches' Poll, Harris Poll, and computer rankings are not used to make the selections. Advanced statistics and metrics are expected to be submitted to the committee, though like other analytics, they have no formal role in the decision. Committee members are not required to attend games.
Long said the panel considered less frequent rankings, but ultimately decided on a weekly release. "That's what the fans have become accustomed to, and we felt it would leave a void in college football without a ranking for several weeks," he said. Long also noted: "Early on there was some talk that we would go into a room at the end of the season and come out with a top four, but that didn't last long." In analyzing this change in thinking, Stewart Mandel of Sports Illustrated commented: "The whole point of the selection committee was to replace the simplistic horse-race nature of Top 25 polls — where teams only move up if someone above them loses — with a more deliberative evaluation method. Now the playoff folks are going to try to do both." Addressing the "pecking order" nature of traditional polls, George Schrodeder of USA Today wrote that "if it actually works as intended, we could see volatile swings" from week to week, with lower-ranked teams moving ahead of higher-ranked teams without either team losing (a rarity in traditional polls). Both Long and Bill Hancock, the CFP executive director, say they expect that to happen.
The committee's voting method uses multiple ballots, similar to the NCAA basketball tournament selection process. From a large initial pool of teams, the group takes numerous votes on successive tiers of teams, considering six at a time and coming to a consensus on how they should be ranked, then repeating the process with the next tier of teams. Discussion and debate happens at each voting step. All votes are by secret ballot, and committee members do not make their ballots public. Each week's ranking process begins anew, with no weight given to the previous week's selections.
Committee members who are currently employed or financially compensated by a school, or have family members who have a current financial relationship (which includes football players), are not allowed to vote for that school. During deliberations about a team's selection, members with such a conflict of interest cannot be present, but can answer factual questions about the institution. All committee members have past ties to certain NCAA institutions, but the committee decided to ignore those ties in the recusal requirements. "We just boiled it down to where we felt this group was fit to its high integrity and would differentiate from those past relationships," Long said. Some football writers, like Dodd and Mark Schlabach, have said the recusal arrangement isn't transparent or objective, suggesting that members' alma maters and former coaching jobs should be considered disqualifying conflicts of interest.
Non-playoff bowl selection criteria
In the two out of three years when a given New Year's Six bowl is not part of the playoff bracket, the highest-ranked non-playoff teams from the following conferences or groups are selected as follows:
- Rose Bowl — Big Ten #1 vs. Pac-12 #1
- Sugar Bowl — SEC #1 vs. Big 12 #1
- Orange Bowl — ACC #1 vs. SEC #2, Big Ten #2, or Notre Dame
- Cotton Bowl — at-large or "Group of Five" (committee selection)
- Fiesta Bowl — at-large or "Group of Five" (committee selection)
- Peach Bowl — at-large or "Group of Five" (committee selection)
- The highest-ranked champion from the "Group of Five" conferences (The American, C-USA, Mid-American, Mountain West, and Sun Belt) is guaranteed a berth if the group's top team is not in the playoff.
- The remaining five at-large bids are determined by committee rankings.
- If the Big Ten or SEC champion is available for a non-playoff bowl in a year when the Rose and Sugar Bowls are hosting semifinals, that team appears in either the Cotton Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, or Peach Bowl, but not the Orange Bowl.
- In the Orange Bowl, the SEC and Big Ten are guaranteed at least three appearances during the eight non-playoff years, while Notre Dame can only appear a maximum of twice.
- In non-playoff years, if the Orange Bowl matchup creates a regular-season rematch for the ACC representative, the bowl may choose to "skip over" the prescribed opponent from the SEC/Big Ten/Notre Dame group and select the next highest-ranked team from the group. The team that was rejected would be placed in one of the three at-large bowls, if it meets ranking standards.
- In years when the Orange Bowl is a national semifinal, the ACC champion plays in the Fiesta or Peach bowls if it is not selected for the playoff.
- In choosing the pairings for the four non-playoff bowls, the committee tries to create "the most compelling matchups possible", while taking into account geography and team rematches from both the regular season and recent bowls.
Impact on scheduling
Due to the increased emphasis on strength of schedule teams have considered playing more challenging opponents during the non-conference portion of their schedules. Some teams have traditionally played three or four "weak" non-conference opponents, but wins against such low-level competition are unlikely to impress the committee. For teams on the cusp of making the playoff four, "I think one of the first things the committee will look at is strength of schedule," said selector Oliver Luck.
Teams in the Big 12 and Pac-12 play nine conference games on their 12-game schedules, and so only have flexibility in choosing their opponents in the three non-league games. Some programs are opting to increase their schedule strength by scheduling high-profile matchups at neutral sites and on weeknights, garnering primetime TV exclusivity. The Big Ten plays eight league games in 2014 and 2015 but will move to a nine-game league schedule in 2016.
In response to the new playoff system, the Southeastern Conference considered increasing its conference schedule from eight to nine games, with Alabama coach Nick Saban a vocal proponent. According to Jon Solomon of the Birmingham News, "The prevailing opinion among SEC athletics directors: The SEC is difficult enough that there's no need for a ninth game." Some in the conference, like Mississippi State athletic director Scott Stricklin, opined that a nine-game SEC schedule would result in more teams with two losses. Commissioner Mike Slive and Vanderbilt AD David Williams, among others, supported a stronger out-of-league schedule, which would likely impress the committee. In April 2014, the league voted to mandate that all SEC teams must play a Power Five foe (ACC, Big Ten, Big 12, Pac-12, or independent Notre Dame) in its non-conference slate beginning in 2016. Slive noted this rule "gives us the added strength-of-schedule we were seeking". In 2014, the first year of the College Football Playoff, one team played two opponents from the Power Five, nine of the 14 teams played one Power Five conference opponent and three lower-level opponents (including one FCS school), and four teams did not face a Power Five foe. In the spring of 2015, the SEC decided to count games played against Independents BYU and Army toward its Power Five requirement.
The ACC, whose teams also play eight conference games (plus Notre Dame at least once every three years), also considered moving to a nine-game conference schedule. However, the league opted to stay with the eight-plus-Notre Dame model, stipulating instead that teams would have to play one Power Five school in their non-league slates beginning in 2017, which would include the Notre Dame game or other ACC schools, as will games against another FBS independent, BYU. Despite the push to increase schedule strength, some ACC coaches preferred the scheduling flexibility available with fewer permanent fixtures on a team's slate. Opinion was split among league athletic directors on moving to a nine-game schedule prior to the vote. An SEC expansion to a nine-game schedule would limit the ACC's opportunities to play Power Five non-conference opponents.
The College Football Playoff uses a four-team bracket to determine the national champion. Six of the traditional bowl games — the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Peach Bowl — rotate as hosts for the semifinals. The rotation is set on a three-year cycle with the following pairings: Rose/Sugar, Orange/Cotton, and Fiesta/Peach. The two semifinal bowls and the other four top-tier bowls are marketed as the "New Year's Six", with three bowls played per day, typically on consecutive days that include New Year's Day. The selection committee seeds and pairs the top four teams, plus assigns teams to the at-large bowls (Cotton, Fiesta, and Peach) in years when they do not host semifinals.
The four-team format pits the No. 1-ranked team against No. 4 and No. 2 vs. No. 3. The selection committee seeds the two semifinal games, placing the top-seeded team at the closest site to prevent it from playing in a "road" environment. There are no limits on the number of teams per conference, a change from previous BCS rules. However, some non-semifinal bowl selections are based on conference tie-ins, similarly to the BCS's automatic qualifier berths. A team from one of the "Group of Five" conferences is guaranteed a spot in one of the six bowls.
Cities around the country bid to host each year's championship game and the playoff group's leaders make a selection from those proposals, in a similar fashion to other large sporting events, such as the Super Bowl or NCAA Final Four. Officials say the championship game will be held in a different city each year, and that bids must propose host stadiums with a capacity of at least 65,000 spectators. Under the system, cities cannot host both a semifinal game and the title game in the same year. AT&T Stadium (formerly Cowboys Stadium) in Arlington, Texas, the Cotton Bowl Classic current venue, was chosen to host the first game in January 2015.
Hosts for future championship games include Tampa (Raymond James Stadium) in 2017, Atlanta (Mercedes-Benz Stadium) in 2018, Santa Clara (Levi's Stadium) in 2019, and New Orleans (Mercedes-Benz Superdome) in 2020.
CFP National Champions
|2014||4 Ohio State||2 Oregon||42–20||AT&T Stadium, Arlington, Texas|
|2015||2 Alabama||1 Clemson||45–40||University of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, Arizona|
Playoff appearances by team
|2||Alabama||2||1||.667||Lost 2015 Sugar Bowl
Won 2015 Cotton Bowl
Won 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship
|1||Ohio State||2||0||1.000||Won 2015 Sugar Bowl
Won 2015 College Football Playoff National Championship
|1||Clemson||1||1||.500||Won 2015 Orange Bowl
Lost 2016 College Football Playoff National Championship
|1||Oregon||1||1||.500||Won 2015 Rose Bowl
Lost 2015 College Football Playoff National Championship
|1||Florida State||0||1||.000||Lost 2015 Rose Bowl|
|1||Michigan State||0||1||.000||Lost 2015 Cotton Bowl|
|1||Oklahoma||0||1||.000||Lost 2015 Orange Bowl|
Playoff appearances by conference
|Big Ten||2||2||1||.667||2||Ohio State (2–0)
Michigan State (0–1)
Florida State (0–1)
|Big 12||1||0||1||.000||1||Oklahoma (0-1)|
Non-playoff New Year's Six Bowl appearances by team
|2||Ole Miss||1||1||.500||Lost 2014 Peach Bowl
Won 2016 Sugar Bowl
|1||Boise State||1||0||1.000||Won 2014 Fiesta Bowl|
|1||Georgia Tech||1||0||1.000||Won 2014 Orange Bowl|
|1||Houston||1||0||1.000||Won 2015 Peach Bowl|
|1||Michigan State||1||0||1.000||Won 2015 Cotton Bowl
|1||Ohio State||1||0||1.000||Won 2016 Fiesta Bowl|
|1||Stanford||1||0||1.000||Won 2016 Rose Bowl|
|1||TCU||1||0||1.000||Won 2014 Peach Bowl|
|1||Arizona||0||1||.000||Lost 2014 Fiesta Bowl|
|1||Baylor||0||1||.000||Lost 2015 Cotton Bowl|
|1||Florida State||0||1||.000||Lost 2015 Peach Bowl|
|1||Iowa||0||1||.000||Lost 2016 Rose Bowl|
|1||Mississippi State||0||1||.000||Lost 2014 Orange Bowl|
|1||Notre Dame||0||1||.000||Lost 2016 Fiesta Bowl|
|1||Oklahoma State||0||1||.000||Lost 2016 Sugar Bowl|
Non-playoff New Year's Six Bowl appearances by conference
|Big Ten||3||2||1||.667||3||Michigan State (1–0)
Ohio State (1–0)
|Big 12||3||1||2||.333||3||TCU (1–0)
Oklahoma State (0–1)
|SEC||3||1||2||.333||2||Ole Miss (1–1)
Mississippi State (0–1)
|ACC||2||1||1||.500||2||Georgia Tech (1–0)
Florida State (0–1)
|MW||1||1||0||1.000||1||Boise State (1–0)|
|The American||1||1||0||1.000||1||Houston (1–0)|
|Independents||1||0||1||.000||1||Notre Dame (0–1)|
The television broadcast rights to all six CFP bowls and the National Championship are owned by ESPN through at least the 2025 season. ESPN then reached 12-year agreements to retain rights to the Rose Bowl, Orange Bowl, and Sugar Bowl following the dissolution of the Bowl Championship Series. In November, ESPN reached a 12-year deal to broadcast the remaining three bowls, the championship game, as well as shoulder programming such as ranking shows; as a whole, the contract is valued at around $470 million per-year, or nearly $5.7 billion for the life of the contract.
The inaugural College Football Playoff games in January 2015 generated larger ratings than previous BCS games. The 2015 College Football Playoff National Championship had an 18.9 Nielsen rating and was watched by approximately 33.4 million people, the largest broadcast audience of all time on American cable television (non-broadcast), according to AdWeek. That was a 31 percent audience increase over the previous year's championship game and a 22 percent increase over the BCS title game's best rating on cable (a 16.1 rating in 2011). The semifinal games, the 2015 Rose Bowl and 2015 Sugar Bowl, saw 28.16 million and 28.27 million viewers, respectively. According to ESPN, these games also set (and briefly held) all-time records for cable TV viewership.
The semifinal games for the 2015-2016 Playoff were scheduled for New Year's Eve; they were expected to have lower ratings because the date is not a federal holiday, and has heavier competition for television viewers in primetime from New Year's Eve countdown specials. Under the TV contracts with ESPN that predate the College Football Playoff, both the Rose and Sugar bowls are guaranteed exclusive TV time slots on January 1 (or January 2 if New Year's Day falls on a Sunday), regardless of whether they are hosting a semifinal game. In an interview with CBS Sports, CFP commissioner Bill Hancock suggested this scheduling issue would "change the paradigm of what New Year's Eve is all about," opining that "if you're hosting a New Year's Eve party, you better have a bunch of televisions around." Although ESPN proposed moving the Thursday, December 31, 2015 semifinal games to Saturday, January 2, 2016, the idea was rejected. Ratings for the two semifinal games were down from the prior season's equivalents, with the Orange Bowl reaching a 9.7 rating (in comparison to 15.5 for the 2015 Rose Bowl) and the Cotton Bowl reaching a 9.9 rating (in comparison to a 15.3 rating for the 2015 Sugar Bowl). On the online WatchESPN streaming service, excluding 2014 FIFA World Cup games, the Cotton Bowl and the Orange Bowl drew the second and third-largest streaming audiences in the service's history, behind the 2015 national championship.
In 2012, ESPN reportedly paid about $7.3 billion over 12 years for broadcasting rights to all seven games, an average of about $608 million per year. That includes $215 million per year which was already committed to the Rose, Sugar and Orange bowls, plus $470–475 million annually for the rest of the package. By comparison, the most recent contract with the BCS had paid almost $2 billion over four years — $495 million per year for five games.
The average revenue to the new system over 12 years is to be about $500 million per year. After $125–150 million in expenses, the Power Five conferences split about 71.5 percent of the remaining money, for an approximate average payout of $250 million a year ($50 million per league) over the life of the contract. The "Group of Five" conferences split 27 percent, about $90 million a year ($18 million per league). Notre Dame receives around one percent, about $3.5-4 million, and other FBS independents get about 0.5 percent of the deal.
Extra revenue goes to conferences in contracts with the Rose, Sugar, and Orange bowls, which split revenue 50/50 between their participating leagues. In non-semifinal years, the Rose Bowl's TV revenue would be divided between the Big Ten and Pac-12 conferences; likewise, the Sugar Bowl and Orange Bowl revenue to its participant conferences. When those bowls are semifinal games, the money is distributed by the playoff system to all FBS conferences. ESPN has paid about $80 million a year each for the Rose and Sugar bowls over 12 years. The Orange Bowl deal is worth $55 million per year. For example, in a non-semifinal year, the Big Ten could receive about $90 million (half of its $80 million Rose Bowl deal plus about $50 million from the playoff system).
Conferences receive an additional $6 million each year for each team it places in the semifinals and $4 million for a team in one of the three at-large bowls; Notre Dame receives the same amount in either scenario. No additional money is awarded for reaching the championship game.
The Power Five conferences and the "Group of Five" have not decided on their respective revenue-sharing formulas, though the SEC initially receives more revenue than the other four Power Five conferences due to its BCS success. Reports say the money is to be divided based on several criteria such as "on-field success, teams' expenses, marketplace factors and academic performance of student-athletes." The playoff system awards academic performance bonuses of $300,000 per school for meeting the NCAA's Academic Progress Rate standard of 930. In a hypothetical 14-team conference, $4.2 million ($300,000 x 14) would be allocated to that league, and if only 12 of the 14 members meet the APR standard, then each of the 12 schools would receive $350,000 ($4.2 million / 12), penalizing schools that fall below the threshold.
Previous BCS commissioner Bill Hancock is the executive director of the playoff organization, with former ACC Senior Associate Commissioner Michael Kelly as COO. Like the BCS, the playoff system's management committee consists of the conference commissioners from the 10 FBS conferences and Notre Dame's athletic director. The playoff system's headquarters is in Irving, Texas.
Board of Managers
According to the CFP website, the system's operations are controlled by the Board of Managers, which consists of presidents and chancellors of the playoff group's member universities. The eleven members have sole authority to develop, review and approve annual budgets, policies and operating guidelines. The group also selects the company's officers.
- Rodney Bennett - President, Southern Mississippi (C-USA)
- Anthony Frank - President, Colorado State (Mountain West)
- Burns Hargis – President, Oklahoma State (Big 12)
- Jack Hawkins – Chancellor, Troy (Sun Belt)
- Rev. John I. Jenkins – President, Notre Dame (Independent)
- Mark Keenum - President, Mississippi State (SEC)
- Roderick McDavis - President, Ohio (MAC)
- Max Nikias - President, USC (Pac-12)
- Harvey Perlman (chair) – Chancellor, Nebraska (Big Ten)
- Donna Shalala – President, Miami (Fla.) (ACC)
- Steadman Upham - President, Tulsa (The American)
Athletics Directors Advisory Group
According to the CFP website, the Athletics Directors Advisory Group is appointed by the management committee to "offer counsel" on the operations of the system. As an advisory board, it has no authority in the management of the CFP.
- Gary Barta, Iowa (Big Ten)
- Tom Bowen, Memphis (The American)
- Tom Burman, Wyoming (Mountain West)
- Joe Castiglione, Oklahoma (Big 12)
- Jeremy Foley, Florida (SEC)
- Dan Guerrero, UCLA (Pac-12)
- Chris Massaro, Middle Tennessee State (C-USA)
- Terry Mohajir, Arkansas State (Sun Belt)
- Mike O’Brien, Toledo (MAC)
- Stan Wilcox, Florida State (ACC)
Although being generally well received, the College Football Playoff has been criticized much like its predecessor, the Bowl Championship Series, which had several controversies. Chief among the criticisms was the subjective element of the selection process such as basing rankings on metrics such as strength of schedule and conference as opposed to solely basing rankings on a team's win-loss record.
Another critique centered around a perceived bias against smaller conferences such as the Big 12 which does not stage a conference championship game, as well as favoritism for conferences like the SEC and other prominent national "powerhouse" teams. Due to this, some teams are seen as being at an inherent disadvantage. The American addressed one of these issues by adding Navy to its ranks for 2015, bringing its membership to 12 teams, which allowed it to stage a conference championship game under then-current NCAA rules. Starting with the 2016 season, FBS conferences will be allowed to stage football championship games even if they do not have 12 members.
The system is also alleged to be biased toward schools, programs and conferences with large financial endowments, hurting the chances of smaller schools with fewer athletic resources. Undefeated teams from less wealthy conferences can be passed over for teams with losses from richer conferences.
The qualifications of selection committee members has also been scrutinized. As an outsider to the sports world, Condeleeza Rice was the focus of some criticism. Former Clemson head coach Tommy Bowden opined that the committee's members should be "people who played the game and preferably coached the game". Former Auburn head coach Pat Dye said that "All she knows about football is what somebody told her ... or what she read in a book, or what she saw on television. To understand football, you've got to play with your hand in the dirt". Former Big East commissioner Mike Tranghese also gained membership on the selection committee despite having never played football in college. Former sportswriter Steve Weiberg and retired U.S. Air Force General Michael Gould are other committee members without significant football playing, coaching or administrative experience.
The CFP semifinals both received significantly lower TV ratings during the second year of play. This downturn in interest was attributed both to the CFP's decision to stage the game on December 31 instead of January 1 and because of the lopsided outcomes of each of the games.
- College football playoff debate
- College football national championships in NCAA Division I FBS
- List of college bowl games
- Mythical National Championship
- Plus-One system
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